11 terms

Translation

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Translation
Process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced
Codon
A three base sequence on the mRNA use to code for one amino acid
Anticodon
A three base sequence on the tRNA used to recognise and bind to the codon as each amino acid is added
Protein (polypeptide chain)
A linked chain of amino acids created in the ribosome
Ribosome
The location where translation takes place
Start Codon
A first 3 base sequence that starts all genes; AUG
Stop Codon
A 3 bases sequence found at the end of each gene; UAA, UAG or UGA
Amino Acids
The units that make up a protein; each amino acid is coded for by one codon
Purine
has 2 rings (Adenine and Guanine)
Pyrimidine
has 1 ring (Thymine and Cytosine)
Difference between RNA and DNA
RNA us "U" instead of "T"
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