ESG TERM CHAPTER 14
Terms in this set (24)
The Indian (First Nations), Inuit, and Métis peoples of Canada.
Purposeful interference by resource and environmental managers in ecosys- tems, which recognizes that the human forces of change are now so ubiquitous that even protected areas are affected. Includes habitat restoration, creation of wildlife corridors, reintroduction of extir- pated species, prescribed burning, and management of hyper-abundant species.
A UNESCO program of land designation containing a protected core, a buffer zone, and a zone of cooperation.
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
International treaty that emerged from the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 that requires signatories, including Canada, to develop biodiversity strategies, identify and monitor important components of biodiver- sity, develop endangered species legislation/protected areas systems, and promote environmentally sound and sustainable development in areas adjacent to protected areas.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
A 1973 treaty currently ratified by more than 120 countries (including Canada) that establishes lists of species for which international trade is to be controlled or monitored (e.g., orchids, cacti, parrots, large cat species, sea turtles, rhinos, primates).
A species that exists in such low numbers that it can no longer fulfill its eco- logical role in its ecosystem.
An official designation assigned by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wild- life in Canada to any indigenous species or subspecies or geographically separate population of fauna or flora that is threatened with imminent extinction or extirpation throughout all or a significant portion of its Canadian range.
Ex situ conservation
The conservation of species outside their natural habitat, including breeding in captivity, so that they can be reintroduced to their natural habitat, as has been done, for example, with the black-footed ferret and swift fox.
Ex situ preservation
The preservation of representatives of a species, often endangered, outside their natural habitat, as in a zoo, aquarium, or game farm.
An official designation assigned by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada to any indigenous species or subspecies or geographically separate population of fauna or flora no longer known to exist in the wild in Canada but occurring elsewhere.
Values that humans derive from other species, including consumptive and non- consumptive values.
The division of an ecosystem or species habitat into small parcels as a result of human activity, such as agriculture, highways, pipelines, and population settlements.
In situ preservation
Conservation strategies that focus on a species within its natural habitat.
A belief that nature has value in and of itself apart from its value to humanity; a central focus for the preservation of species.
A field within biogeography that attempts to establish and explain the factors that affect the species richness of natural communities.
Minimum viable population (MVP)
The smallest population size of a species that can be predict- ed to have a very high chance of persisting for the foreseeable future.
Population viability analysis (PVA)
A process that determines the probability that a population will go extinct within a given number of years.
Areas such as national and provincial parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and game pre- serves established to protect species and ecosystems.
An annual listing of species at risk prepared by the IUCN and produced by thousands of scientific experts; the best source of knowledge on the status of global biodiversity.
Species at Risk Act (SARA)
Canadian legislation passed in 2002 that mandates the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada to maintain lists of species at risk and to recommend to the minister responsible that particular species be given special protection in their environment.
Activities undertaken by humans towards caring for the Earth.
An idealized blueprint of the distribution of protected areas within a given jurisdiction.
A species designated by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada as likely to become endangered in Canada if factors threatening its vulnerability are not reversed.
An official designation assigned by the Committee on the Status of Endan- gered Wildlife in Canada to any indigenous species or subspecies or geographically separate popula- tion of fauna or flora that is particularly at risk, though not at present "threatened," because of low or declining numbers, because it occurs at the fringe of its range or in restricted areas, or for some other reason.
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