9 L Geo Exam Review

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Terms in this set (...)

Capitol city of Ontario
Toronto
Capitol city of Canada
Ottawa
Aplha-numeric grid
Used in road maps
Lines of latitude.
Measures how far away from the equator.
Lines of longitude
Measures how far away from the Prime Meridian.
A title
Should be underlined at the top of the map.
verbal scale
One cm represents 10 km.
ratio scale
1: 200 000
legend
describes symbols on a map
Bodies of Water on a map.
Only coloured blue.
contour lines
never meet, always point upstream.
Physical connections
Examples include natural disasters
human connections
Examples include raising money for charity
contour line intervals
Used to indicate the height of land
Tectonic Plates
Large movable plates under the Earth's surface.
mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core.
igneous
rock formed from cooled lava
Magma
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Stationary Glacier
Does not move in a year because snowfall equals melting.
Alpine Glacier
a glacier that moves down from a high valley
Great Lakes St. Lawrence Lowlands
The land form region of Barrie
Gord Downie
Wrote many fantastic songs about Canada
Alfred Wegner
Created theory about tectonic plates and continental drift
British Columbia
Area of Canada in a earthquake/volcano zone
Sedimentary Rock
formed by compression of smaller pieces
metamorphic rock
transformed by intense heat and pressure
subduction
Rock forced back under the earth's crust
folding
mountains created by the bending of rock layers
Canadian Shield
A rocky land form region with many lakes that starts 50km north of Barrie
Kelwona
Town home to a winery in the Amazing Race Canada
Richmond, BC
Home to speed skating event in the 2010 Winter Olympics
LOWER
Factors that affect climate
Lattitude
the distance from the equator measured in degrees
Oceans
Make winters milder and summers cooler
Wind
Brings cold weather if from the north, warm from the south
Elevation
Why mountain tops are snowy
Relief Precipitation
Why Vancouver is so rainy
convection Precipitation
Precipitation that causes thunderstorms
frontal Precipitation
when warm air mass meets a cold air mass
el Nino
ocean current that affects climate
Clear Cutting
To cut all trees down in a specific area
Primary Industry
An industry producing the raw materials that are eventually processed
Secondary Industry
An industry that takes raw materials and changes them into things that we can use
Tertiary Industry
A downhill ski instructor works in a __________________ ; industry - tourism and recreation
Quaternary Industry
High-technology sector of the economy
softwood
any light, easily cut wood; cone bearing or coniferous
hardwood
dense wood from broad-leaved, mostly deciduous trees
direct employees
In lumber towns, the people work for lumber industry.
indirect employess
In lumber towns, the people who work in support industries.
Great Lakes- Lake Winnipeg
Third largest Canadian fishery
Atlantic Region
Largest Canadian Fishery
irrigation
supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc
Alberta
The #1 source of Canadian beef
British Columbia
The #1 source of Canadian forestry products.
Dairy Farms
Because the product will spoil they must be located close to cities
pesticides
Can harm the environment if not used correctly
Metallic Minerals
Gold, nickel, and iron ore
Northern Ontario or northern Quebec
Where you would look for gold
Open Pit Mine
minerals lie close to the surface mechanical diggers dig a big pit and haul them out
Fuel Minerals
Oil, natural gas, and coal
Walketon
Where water was contaminated by manure
grain
stored in silos
oysters
underwater farming( aquaculture)
Northern Ontario
The #1 source in Metallic minerals
Underground Mine
deep shafts or vertical tunnels are bored down into the earth
prospector
A person who searches for gold, silver, and other mineral resources
Structural Minerals
Cobalt, potash, sand and gravel
Fuel Minerals
Oil, natural gas, and coal
Metallic Minerals
Gold, nickel, and iron ore
Selective cutting
cutting down only some trees in a forest and leaving a mix of tree sizes and species behind
Migration
The movement in and out of an area; includes
immigration and emigration
Emigration
When a person moves out of a country (or place);
this decreases that place's population
Immigration
When a person moves into another country (or
place) ; this increases that place's population
Death Rate
When somebody dies, it decreases our population
Birth Rate
Every child that is born increases our population
generation one
The first generation of Canadians born from immigrants
census
the official government survey that counts the population
baby boomers
people born from 1941- 1960; Canada's largest population group