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Terms in this set (27)
A religious movement that produced a new form of Christianity known as Protestantism
German monk who began the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century, becoming one of the most influential and controversial figures in Christian history
Leonardo da Vinci
An Italian painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, military engineer and architect — the epitome of a "Renaissance man."
Renaissance translated into English
An age in which artistic, social, scientific, and political thought turned in new directions inspired by the Arts and Ancient Greeks and Romans.
Arrived in 1346 continuing for decades after, also called the Black Death killing 60 percent of Europe's entire population.
To the Italian poet and writer the concept of the Renaissance signified Italian efforts to imitate the poetic style of the ancient Romans
Italy's most famous writer who in 1307 wrote an epic poem, The Divine Comedy. It was written in Italian rather than traditional Latin and took 14 years to complete.
Lorenzo dei Medici
From 1434 until 1492, he was known as "the Magnificent" for his strong leadership as well as his support of the arts. His powerful family presided over a golden age for the city of Florence.
Spent most of his life attempting to understand ancient culture and captured the enthusiasm of popes, princes, and emperors who wanted to learn more of Italy's past.
The cradle of Renaissance artistic thought, remained one of the undisputed centres of innovation.
High Renaissance style
Endured for only a brief period (c.1495-1520) and was created by a few artists of genius, among them Leonardo da Vinci, Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Titian.
The voyages of many great explorers like Columbus, Vespucci, Ponce de Leon, Polo, De Soto and Balboa occurred during the Renaissance.
Considered the father of modern science, (1564-1642) made major contributions to the fields of physics, astronomy, cosmology, mathematics and philosophy. He invented an improved telescope that let him observe and describe the moons of Jupiter, the rings of Saturn, the phases of Venus, sunspots and the rugged lunar surface.
The birthplace of the Renaissance...began in the 14th century and lasted until the 17th century. It began as a cultural movement that spawned the beginning of a philosophy called humanism and quickly spread throughout the rest of Europe, influencing art, literature, architecture and politics throughout the continent.
Famous art collection in Florence
Cosimo I (1519-1574) moved the Florentine administrative offices into a building known as the Uffizi, he also established a small museum. The building is now the site of Florence's famed Uffizi Gallery, home to many of the great Renaissance-era treasures amassed by the Medicis since the time of Cosimo the Elder.
German inventor who create the printing press and who developed a method of movable type and used it to create one of the Western world's first major printed books, the "Forty-Two-Line" Bible.
Considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since continues to be viewed as one of the greatest artists of all time. A number of his works in painting, sculpture, and architecture rank among the most famous in existence.
Philosophy that celebrates human cultural achievements and emphasizes human reason, potential, achievements and ethics.
Dutch painter (n.1525) famous for his lively, colourful, humourous paintings of ordinary people but containing serious moral messages.
The father of English poetry, born around 1343 in London who wrote the Canterbury Tales, the pinnacle of early English literature. Although living in the Middle Ages, his use of language places him within the Renaissance spirit.
Italian explorer and navigator (c. 1451 to May 20, 1506) In 1492, who sailed across the Atlantic from Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña ships alongside, hoping to find a new route to India. Between 1492 and 1504, he made 4 voyages to the Caribbean and South America and has been credited for opening up the Americas to European colonization.
Giotto di Bondone
Born 1266-67/1276, near Florence—died in 1337, was the most important Italian painter of the 14th century, whose works point to the innovations of the Renaissance style that developed a century later. For almost seven centuries he has been revered as the father of European painting and the first of the great Italian masters.
Santa Maria del Fiore (Saint Mary of the Flowers)
Duomo, the House of God is the architectural gem of the city as well as the largest and most elegant cathedral in Europe.
Italian painter who (1571-1610) painted the stories of the Bible as visceral and often bloody dramas.He committed murder and violent assault while at the peak of his success in Rome and consequently spent much of his later career—when he also created many of his most-compelling works—as a fugitive from justice
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