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Religion final exam study
Terms in this set (66)
The set of meanings, beliefs, values and rules for living shared by groups and societies as the source of their identity
Catechism of the Catholic Church
The official compendium of Catholic teaching.
Dignity of the Human Person
Rooted in our creation in the image and likeness of God.
Official pastoral letters written by the Pope for the entire people of God.
The mystery of three divine persons in one; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
God calls all people to live in the Spirit. When we choose to say "yes" and accept this call, we are committing ourselves to believe the Truth (that is, Christ) in our hearts.
Actions with multiple meanings; they pass on a tradition; they need our bodies; they are accompanied by words; they form a community.
Objects or gestures that express one specific message or meaning, such as a stop sign.
Objects or gestures that express more than one specific message or meaning, such as a rose which is a flower and means love.
The Church's official act of worship
Means "of the times" and describes anything that is popular and of this world; worldly.
A story that compares something we don't know with something that we do know.
Kingdom of God
A symbol used by Jesus to speak about God and God's actions among us. It is among us, and yet still to come, as the present moment is too limited to reveal all of it.
God becoming human and living personally - in the flesh -among us in Jesus of Nazareth.
God communicates God's-self to humankind in stages: through creation itself, through covenants and through the prophets. This is complete through Jesus.
God's kind, merciful and absolutely generous love for us.
The community that was founded when God sent the Holy Spirit to Jesus' disciples at Pentecost.
Effective signs of God's saving actions in the world through the risen Lord, Jesus Christ. These sacred moments make us holy, build up the body of Christ, and allow us to give praise and worship to God.
The ability to see God present around us. It means being aware of God's communication to us through people, places, actions, events, and experiences that shape our lives. All creation is sacred because it comes from God.
Not being able to see the sacred in life or in the world because of pain and suffering, business, or not knowing where to look. The cure is to take a second look and learn where and how to look.
a sacrament when a believer is plunged or immersed in water, symbolizing a burial into Christ's death, from which he rises into new life.
a sacrament when a believer partakes in with the whole community in the Lord's own sacrifice; a sacrament of love
a sacrament when the laying on of hands occurs in preparation for receiving the gift of the Holy Spirit that completes the grace of Baptism.
a sacrament that is a covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life, and is by its nature ordered toward the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring
a sacrament that imparts a special ministry, where the task is to serve in the name and in the person of Christ the Head in the midst of the community.
Anointing of the Sick
a sacrament when Christ invites his disciples to follow him by taking up their cross in their turn. By following him they acquire a new outlook on illness and the sick.
the sacrament of confession, since the disclosure or confession of sins to a priest is an essential element of this sacrament; it is called the sacrament of forgiveness, since by the priest's sacramental absolution God grants the penitent "pardon and peace."
Institution Image of the Church
The Church is an organized structure with rules and buildings. This image includes the leaders of the Church and the hierarchical structure of this leadership. Christ, followed by the Pope, is the head of this hierarchy. The Church is not a democracy.
"Advocate" Image of the Church
The Church speaks on behalf of the oppressed, poor, and outcast and is an advocate for a just and loving world.
"Teacher" Image of the Church
The Church proclaims or "heralds" Jesus' message with words and actions. The Church calls us to hear the word of God, to celebrate and believe. Christians have a responsibility of "spreading" the message of Jesus to the world.
"Transformer" Image of the Church
The Church shows the world the presence of God through love and sacrament. The Church is the Body of Christ on earth. Each member is a part of that body. Each member carries on Christ's work of building the Kingdom of God on earth.
"Servant" Image of the Church
It serves the People of God and all of God's creatures. As Jesus' washed the disciples feet, we too are called to serve others using our talents, skills, and interests. A Christian is the hands and feet of Jesus on earth.
"Community" Image of the Church
It is a community that welcomes everyone and has a vision of what the world could be. We are devoted to one another through being one body in Christ.
The Church as One
The Holy Spirit works in us to make us more like Christ, to be one with him; the joining of all believers into a unified community.
The Church as Catholic
"Universal" or "In view of the whole"; the fullness of Christ's body and his life dwells in it. Christ is the beginning and the end.
The Church as Holy
Embodies the love of God that Jesus revealed in his life, death, and resurrection; its source is agape-love or charity.
The Church as Apostolic
Founded on the apostles and their mission; built on the faith of the apostles.
"Living with the mystery"; the sacraments are special moments in the life of the Church in which we encounter Christ.
Sacraments of initiation
Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist; they initiate us into the mysteries of the Christ.
The Church proclaims that we are made whole through faith in God. The Church is an effective sign of this for us.
Communion of Saints
The assembly of all the saints, both those living now and those who "sleep in the peace of Christ".
The belief that there is no God.
All the social conditions that allow us to reach our fulfillment more fully and more easily. It is made up of three essential elements: (1) respect for the person; (2) the social well-being and development of the group itself; and (3) peace.
"Do unto others what you would have them do unto you". To live according to this rule is to let agape love interact with justice.
God is BEYOND our usual physical experience; our relationship is with a God we cannot see, hear, taste, smell, or touch. Yet, as physical beings we relate in a physical way; this is why God reveals Himself to us through Jesus.
Usually translated as "law"; it is God's instruction about the covenant: how to live in the mutually agreed-upon relationship with God. The 10 Commandments are at the heart of this "law".
the sacred relationship between God and His Chosen People
Another name for isolation of the self; our culture puts greater emphasis on the individual than on the community.
The belief that states one doesn't know if God exists. They prefer to remain indifferent.
This is the type of love one has for an associate, a classmate or a comrade in an adventure.
This is love in the sexual sense and is a passionate love that is pleasurable, spontaneous, and even instinctive.
This is the type of love that children have for their parents and parents for their children.
This is the type of love between mutual friends and is supportive. This is love Jesus had for Lazarus.
This is the highest form of love and is unconditional. It can be offered to enemies and is offered without expecting anything in return.
The virtue that gives each person his or her due in the distribution of goods.
The equitable and fair distribution of the goods of society.
The goods under consideration here include the right to the integrity of one's body, one's honour and dignity, life, security from invasion of privacy, etc.
The use of our power for the benefit and well-being of others, for the common good. Jesus set the example for us all.
The liturgical season when we are prepared for the Resurrection of Christ.
The close bond that exists between human beings; because we are sexual by nature, intimacy is always sexual, but it does not necessarily involve having sexual relations.
The one chosen to set God's people free from bondage in Egypt.
Moses received The Ten Commandments here.
The birthday of the Church; 50 days after Jesus' resurrection when the Apostles received "tongues of fire" to go and spread the Good News.
Daily experiences/events whereby God's grace is revealed to us.
The conversion of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ during the Eucharistic celebration (aka. the Mass)
The act of contributing to the common good. A concern for the welfare of each individual, but also with the social structures and conditions that affect our health and well-being.