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Politics of Canada
CHV 2O Exam Review
Terms in this set (60)
Also known as the "Government". Executes laws produced by the legislative branch.
Also known as the "Parliament". Creates and processes laws.
Also known as the "Courts". Interprets the government's laws.
The person who is represented by the governor general. They are born into their position, and their role is mainly ceremonial. They have little power and are usually just a figurehead. The head of the executive branch of the provincial government, represented by the Lt. Governor.
Queen Elizabeth II of England
The Queen's Representative in Canada. They are appointed by the Queen on recommendation of the Prime Minister. They are responsible for summoning the parliament to meet, appointing senators, calling elections, and signing bills.
The Governor General.
They are the leader of the political party in power and the most powerful person in parliament. Their term lasts four years with the possibility of re-election.
The Prime Minister is responsible for appointing these legislators.
The Prime Minister of Canada.
Members of this group are selected by the Prime Minister, and are usually elected MPs. They introduces bills to the Parliament, and they are each responsible for one department.
House of Commons
Contains elected MPs. They debate issues of public policy and vote on bills.
The House of Commons has this many elected MPs.
Members of Parliament
MPs; they sit in the House of Commons.
Contains senators who propose new bills and amend (change) bills passed by the House of Commons. Not elected.
Supreme Court of Canada
The highest court of Canada. Its decisions are the ultimate application of Canadian law binding on all of the lower courts in Canada.
The number of Supreme Court judges, headed by the Supreme Justice. 3 of them must be from Quebec.
The Supreme Court can refuse laws passed by the House of Commons if they believe the law to be _____________________.
The number of senators in the Senate.
The representative of the queen at the provincial level, appointed by the Governor General as advised by the Prime Minister.
The head of the executive branch of the provincial government.
Ontario's current Lieutenant Governor.
Ontario's current premier.
The legislative branch of the provincial government, which votes on bills at the provincial level.
Members of Provincial Parliament
MPPs; they form the Legislative Assembly.
The number of MPPs in the Legislative Assembly.
The leader of the municipal government. Makes important policy decisions and is the public face of the city.
Guelph's current Mayor.
This forms the legislative branch of the municipal government.
There are _____ City Councillors who all represent a specific ward.
A government in which the governing party has the majority of the seats in the House of Commons.
The political party with the second-largest number of seats in the House of Commons.
Political Spectrum (Left)
Large Government Role, Free Tuition, Government funded healthcare.
Political Spectrum (Right)
Small Government Role, Individualism, Hospitals make profit.
Whole country. Deals with Criminal Law, Currency, Military, GST.
Each Province. Deals with Healthcare, Education, Highways, GST.
Each Town/City. Deals with Garbage Collection, Parks and Recreation, Property Tax.
Used to vote representatives into the Government. Held at least every five years. First Past the Post system.
When the government calls upon it's citizens to make decisions. Needs a strong middle class, active participation from citizens, education, and freedom of expressions/protests.
Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Important Canadian document which guarantees many different aspects of life for Canadian citizens.
"NGOs". Organizations not funded by governments. WWF, Greenpeace, PETA, etc.
"IGOs". Organizations funded and supported by governments. U.N, Alliances between countries, NATO, ISS, etc.
% of votes = # of seats.
i.e. Green Party receives 5% of the vote so the get 5% of the seats. They would go from 1 seat to 17 seats. 0.05x338=16.9 or 17.
More than 50% OF THE VOTES, (170/338), easier to pass bills.
Most votes, Less than 170, (<170/338), harder to pass bills.
One person ruling, no freedom of speech, Cuba, North Korea, Germany in WWII, etc.
Mayor of Guelph/Eramosa Township
A government in which the ruling party has less than 50% of the seats in the House of Commons, but more than any other party.
Current Official Opposition Party of the Federal Government.
The Conservative Party
First Past the Post
A system of voting in which the representative with the majority of votes wins the riding.
a third party decides the outcome in a conflit
the parties in a conflict work together to find a solution
a third party helps to find a solution
the opposition parties in government hold a vote to indicate they have lost confidence in the current party in power
resources and large business are owned and run by the government, education, health care, day care and retirement benefits are provided by the government through taxes
resources and business are owned by private individuals
everything is owned by everyone; all are equal
an authoritarian government ruled through religion
government, such as Canada, where the Queen is head of state but the government operates with a constitution
a democratic government where the head of state and government are the same, such as France
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