The Meaning of Moral Terms G.E. Moore
Terms in this set (10)
Why does G.E. Moore reject the attempt to define the term 'good' in terms of the concept of pleasure?
If we try to identify the term good with a natural property such as pleasure then we have pleasure is good, but good is nothing but pleasure so its pleasure is pleasure which is empty tautology
Why does Moore in general reject the attempt to define the term good in terms of natural properties?
Because it is a naturalistic fallacy, good can't be defined as one property, but it is rather changing properties.
What does Moore mean by the 'naturalistic' fallacy?
It is an error that involves wrongly infering values from fact.
What does Moore say about the meaning of the term 'yellow' and how does he apply this example to the case of defining the term 'good.'
One may try to define yellow in terms of wavelength, but it doesn't tell us what yellow means. Yellow requires experience in order to understand it, good refers to a non-natural property that all good things share. (indefinable)
Ultimately, what is Moore's position on the definition of moral terms such as 'good?'
They have indefinable, non-natural, simple properties.
What is the verifiability criterion of meaning as discussed by Ayer?
A statement p is meaningful if and only if it is either a) a truth of logic or b) empirically verifiable.
According to Ayer, why are statements of ethics meaningless?
They are neither truths of logic nor empirically verifiable
1) God exists (theology)
2) Stealing is wrong (ethics)
3) This painting is beautiful. (aesthetics)
According to Ayer, what is the status of the following statements?
1) The grass is green.
2) Gold is the element Au.
3) 2 + 2 = 4.
4) God exists.
5) Stealing is wrong.
According to Ayer, under what circumstances can an ethical statement have (partial) meaning?
A statement may have a factual component
- your stealing the purse yesterday (verifiable) is wrong (not verifiable)
According to Ayer, what purpose do statements of ethics serve?
1) to express one's emotion of disapproval towards a type of action
2) to issue a command not to perform this type of action.
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