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social 20-1 nationalism (Final Exam Help)
Terms in this set (110)
~the right of people to choose their own form of government
~the government of a political unit by its own people
a large aggregate of people united by common descent, history, culture, or language, inhabiting a particular country or territory.
a sovereign state whose citizens or subjects are relatively homogeneous in factors such as language or common descent.
~supreme power or authority
~the authority of a state to govern itself or another state.
~an independent nation that is inclusive in who it accepts as its own citizens, disregarding racial and religious differences, and values diversity
~law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
~a list of fundamental laws to support a government
~republican uprising against the French monarchy that began in 1789
~(1789-1799) period in France when the monarchy ended and the country was a republic.
king louis XVI
~The king of France during the revolution.
~The first class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
~small, privileged class made up of Roman Catholic clergy in France
~The second class of French society made up of the noblility
~98% of the population made up of Bourgeoisie, San Cullotes, and the Peasant Farmers
~An assembly of representatives from all three of estates of social classes in France
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a military engagement fought primarily as part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War. The main combatants were the Canadian Corps, of four divisions, against three divisions of the German Sixth Army.
~The first revolutionary government of France.
~the elected legislature in France during the first part of the French Revolution, 1789-91.
tennis court oath
~never separate and to meet whenever possible to create a fair constitution
~famous oath made on a tennis court by members of the Third Estate in France
Extreme nationalism often associated with fascism; a militant right-wing orientation typically characterized by militarism, racial bigotry, and xenophobia.
~A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
~political, military, and economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories
~Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
~The demonstration of love and devotion to one's country.
~devotion, support and love toward your country
~the preservation of different cultures or cultural identities within a unified society
~preserving different cultures or cultural identities within a unified society or nation.
~a 1977 law in the province of Quebec in Canada defining French, the language of the majority of the population, as the official language of Quebec.
1995 quebec referendum
~The 1995 Quebec referendum was the second referendum to ask voters in the Canadian province of Quebec whether Quebec should proclaim national sovereignty and become an independent country, with the condition precedent of offering a political and economic agreement to Canada.
~a person who advocates Quebec's political independence.
~a person who tries to keep the peace
~A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
~North Atlantic Treaty Organization
~Reparations can be in the form of goods or money. Note: After World War I, heavy reparation debts were imposed on Germany by Britain, France, and the other victorious nations.
~a country's goals and ambitions whether economic, military, or cultural.
treaty of versailles
~Treaty particularly known for its harsh reparations towards the Germans after World War I.
~he attempted to overthrow the government of Bavaria (1923)
~He was appointed chancellor of Germany (1933), transforming it from a democratic republic into the totalitarian Third Reich, of which he became Führer in 1934. He established concentration camps to exterminate the Jews, rearmed the Rhineland (1936), annexed Austria (1938) and Czechoslovakia, and invaded Poland (1939), which precipitated World War II.
~hostility to or prejudice against Jews
~Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
~A policy of achieving peace by yielding to ones opponent
causes of WWII
~Hitler and the Nazi party
~British North American Act
~This legislation, passed by the British Parliament, created Canada as a new, domestically self-governing federation, consisting of the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec, on July 1, 1867.
~compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.
~the drafting of citizens for military service
~a leader who speaks and rules with total power
~A ruler who has complete power over a country
~extermination camps or death camps and killing centers were designed and built by Nazi Germany during World War II (1939-45) to systematically kill millions of Jews, Slavs, Communists
league of nations
~An organization of nations formed after WWI to promote cooperation and peace.
~An international organization formed to promote cooperation and peace among nations
~A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
~the reliance on military strength
~A period of severe economic decline from 1929 into the early 1940s
~a long and severe recession in an economy or market.
~ideas or information intentionally spread to harm or help a cause
~biased communication used to influence people's thoughts and actions
Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
8 stages of genocide
A place where political prisoners are confined, usually under harsh conditions
~Leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Vladimir Lenin.
~Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
~Leader of the Soviet Union during WWII
~A policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
~to have little to do with the political affairs of other nations
(n.) a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering
The Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler.
A multinational state is a sovereign state which is viewed as comprising two or more nations. Such a state contrasts with a nation-state where a single nation comprises the bulk of the population.
A national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
a settlement of a controversy or disagreement
agreement after a quarrel
A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders
main peacekeeping body of the UN, composed of 15 members including 5 permanent members
An international peacekeeping between the United States, USSR, France, Britain and China.
An organization established after WWII to provide security to its members.
organization of the world's countries that promote peace and security around the world
international monetary fund
an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada.
money, food, or other resources given or lent by one country to another.
Canada would recognize and respect its society included diversity in languages, customs, religions
Declaration of the right of man and citizen
passed by France's [National Constituent Assembly] in August 1789, is an important document of the French Revolution and in the history of human and civil rights.
a period of intense socio-political and socio-cultural change in the Canadian province of Québec, characterized by the effective secularization of society, the creation of a welfare state and realignment of politics into federalist and sovereignist factions and the eventual election of a pro-sovereignty provincial government in the 1976 election
Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile.
A system of political organization prevailing in medieval Europe
Making facilities readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
the territory that was up to 25 June 1991 known as The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Specifically, the six republics that made up the federation - Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (including the regions of Kosovo and Vojvodina) and Slovenia.
The Indian Act was first passed in 1876 as a consolidation of various laws concerning indigenous peoples enacted by the separate colonies of British North America prior to Canadian Confederation
President of the United States (1913-1921) and the leading figure at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. He was unable to persuade the U.S. Congress to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or join the League of Nations.
A British political leader of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; he was prime minister of Britain at the end of World War I and afterward
France's leader, hard on Germany in Treaty of Versailles
a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion in 1931 of northeastern China
Assurance that the economic system as a whole will maintain constant levels
concern for human welfare, especially as manifested through philanthropy
Promoting human welfare and social reform.
the territory that a state or nation believes is needed for its natural development, especially associated with Nazi Germany.
putting a person in prison or other kind of detention, generally in wartime. During World War II, the American government put Japanese-Americans in internment camps, fearing they might be loyal to Japan.
a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government.
Loyalties that compete. People sometimes need to choose among various loyalties based on their commitment to those loyalties.
Military Service Act
a 1917 Act that made conscription compulsory for all Canadian men between the ages of 20 and 45, calling up the younger men first
The Terrorist group working in Quebec during the1970's.
French sovereigntist terrorist group
Standoff between Canada and the Mohawk of the Akwasasne reserve- 1990 when town wanted to build a golf course on sacred burial grounds.
The Political and Social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
The new political and social system after the French Revolution.
A system of government in which the head of state is a hereditary position and the king or queen has almost complete power
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
Reign of Terror
(1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed for "disloyalty"
"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.
French mobilization plan to recapture Alsace-Lorraine; attack Germany, then come back to attack Austria-Hungary
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
Triple Alliance (Central Powers)
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire
the cooperation of several countries in an alliance to strengthen the security of each.
Balance of Power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
A position of not taking sides in a conflict
War Guilt Clause
A provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for WWI
National socialism. In practice a far-right wing ideology (with some left-wing influences) that was based largely on racism and ultra-nationalism.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
a man-made famine-genocide in which the USSR starved the people of Ukraine; killed millions
A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
enabled Hitler to get rid of the Reichstag parliament and pass laws without reference to parliament
Night of the Long Knives
Nazi's eliminated political adversaries
Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht)
Nov 9, 1938 Nazi-led mobs attacked Jewish communities all over Germany, Austria because a young Jew shot and wounded a German soldier.
Agreement between Chamberlain and Hitler that Germany would not conquer any more land, and if did, would declare war
A condition in which many cultures coexist within a society and maintain their cultural differences.
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
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