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Integumentary Pathologies #1
Terms in this set (77)
What is Impetigo?
A bacterial infection of the superficial layer of skin
How does Impetigo present?
Superficial pustules that rupture and release exudate that turns into scabs
What colour scabs does Impetigo present with?
What areas of the body are most often affected by impetigo?
What are the causes of Impetigo?
Strep and staph bacteria
Impetigo is usually itchy and....
What is Cellulitis?
A skin infection of the dermis and Sub-Q layers
What are causes of Cellulitis?
Group A Strep
Cellulits will lead to a ______ streak along the path of ______
What is the usual presentation of cellulitis?
If the cellulitis is caused by group A strep, it may cause _____ in addition to the redness warmth and tenderness
What is Erysipelas?
Skin infection of the upper dermis and superficial lymphatics
How does Erysipelas present?
Shiny, red rash
What is the cause of Erysipelas?
What infection leads to a raised border and an orange peel look in the skin?
What is folllicultis?
superficial infection of the skin w/ inflammation of the hair follicle
What bacteria causes folliculitis?
How does folliculitis present?
pimple around the hair follicle
Spread of a folliculitis infection may lead to....
A boil is also known as a...
What is a boil?
a deep infection of the hair follicle
How does a boil present?
large, hot, swollen, tender nodule
What is the MC cause of a boil?
Staph aureus (same as folliculitis)
Recurrent boils are known as....
What are carbuncles?
clustered, interconnected, enlarged boils
Carbuncles may present in what 2 ways?
one large abscess or cluster of boils
What is hidradenitis suppurativa?
chronic, scarring inflammation of the apocrine(sweat) glands
What organism usually causes hidradenitis suppurativa?
Staph aureus in acute
Proteus in chronic
How does hidradenitis suppurativa progress?
blockage of aprocrine glands leads to inflammation, bacterial overgrowth and scarring
How does Hidradenitis Suppurativa present?
swollen , tender masses resembling abscesses
Random draining of pus
cord-like fibrotic band due to inflamed nodules adhering together(in chronic cases)
What type of skin infection is extremely common?
What fungal pathogens cause fungal infections?
Tinea is also known as...
What does Tinea feed off of?
How does Tinea present?
circular rash surrounded by an outer ring
Tinea may cause....
scaling of the skin
Tinea pedis is also known as....
If there's a break in the skin while you have tinea, it may lead to...
secondary bacterial infection
What is tinea unguium?
White/yellow discolouration of the nail
Tinea unguium may cause...
brittle, thick, lustreless, or deformed nails
Does Tinea unguium most commonly affect finger or toe nails?
Tinea corporis affects the....
Tinea cruris affects which part of the body?
Groin (Jock itch)
What part of the body is affected by tinea capitits?
What is the most common cause of hair loss in children?
How is a tinea infection treated?
Candidiasis is also known as....
yeast infection or thrush
Candidiasis is caused by...
Scabies is caused by what mite?
How does scabies present?
Sevre, persistent itchiness
tiny, red pimple-like rash
Worse at night/after a bath
Lice is also known as....
Head lice is also known as...
pediculus humanus capitus
What are the 3 types of lice?
head, body, and pubic
Which type of lice are the largest?
Genital warts are caused by what virus?
HPV causes what kinds of warts?
Common warts(verruca vulgaris)
Does HPV only cause genital warts?
Measles is also know as....
How is measles spread?
How does measles present?
3 C's (cough, coryza, conjunctivitis)
What symptom appears with Measles before any other?
What is the infectious period with measles?
2-4 days before rash until the rash clears
How long is the incubation period for measles before the systemic symptoms appear?
In measles, the Koplik spots and systemic symptoms get worse ______ days before the rash appears
The measles rash spreads from _____ to ______
Rubella is also known as....
What are the symptoms of Rubella?
Low grade fever
What is the infectious period of rubella?
7 days prior to rash to 7 days after rash
If a baby is born to a mother who has rubella, what conditions could the baby have?
Difference in symptoms between rubeola(measles) and rubella(german measles)
Chickenpox is caused by what virus?
What is the infectious period of chickenpox?
2 days before rash to 6 days after the onset of the rash
Shingles is caused by what virus?
What is shingles caused by?
a flare up of latent varicella-zoster virus
Singles will present in what kind of pattern?
along a dermatome
Someone with shingles will present with tenderness along a dermatome and paresthesia ____ days before the rash appears
What are the 2 main types of herpes?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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