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Midterm Review-Chapter 10
Terms in this set (55)
Goal directed behavior
A state of equilibrium or stability
An internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension (study hard to avoid the negative feelings that come with a bad grade)
An external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior (must work to receive a paycheck)
Behaviours that will maximize the reproductive success of that species
Simple sugar that is an important source of energy
The condition of being overweight
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Individuals weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared
Proposed that the body monitors fat cell levels to keep them (and weight) fairly stable
Proposes that weight tends to drift around the level at which the constellation of factors that determine food consumption and energy expenditure achieves an equilibrium
Engorgement of blood vessels
Third stage of sexual responses; occurs when sexual arousal reaches its peak intensity. It discharges in a series of contractions that pulse through the pelvic area
Refractory Period/Resolution Phase
Fourth stage of sexual responses: the time following orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation
Refers to a person's preference for emotional and sexual relationships with individuals of the same sex, other sex or either sex
Preferring emotional and sexual relationships with either sex
Preferring emotional and sexual relationships with the same sex
Involves (1) a subjective conscious experience accompanied by (2) body arousal (the physiological component) and by (3) characteristics overt expressions (the behavioral component)
Efforts to predict one's emotional reactions to future events
Galvanic Skin Response
An increase in the electrical conductivity of the skin that occurs when sweat glands increase their activity
Polygraph (Lie Detector)
A device that records autonomic fluctuations while a subject is questioned
Norms that regulate the appropriate expression of emotions
Individuals personal perception of their overall happiness and life satisfaction
Hedonic Adaptation Success
Occurs when the mental scale that people use to judge the pleasantness and unpleasantness of their experiences shifts so that their neutral point (or baseline for comparison), changes
Consists of one or more premises that are used to provide support for a conclusion
The reason that are presented to persuade someone that a conclusion is true or probably true
Premises for which no proof or evidence is offered
Thirst, hunger, sex/reproduction, sleep/rest, temperature(proper body temp), excretory(be rid of bodily waste), Activity(optimal level or stimulation and arousal)
Achievement (to excel), Affiliation(to socially bond), Autonomy(need for independence), Nurturance(need to nourish and protect others), Dominance (influence/control others), Exhibition(make an impression), Order(organization), Play motive (fun, relaxation, amusement)
Biological Factors for Hunger-Brain
Lateral hypothalamus, ventromedial hypothalamus and Paraventricular Nucleus
The part of the hypothalamus that acts as a feeding center to incite eating.
The part of the hypothalamus that acts as a satiety(fullness) center to inhibit eating.
This is a part of the hypothalamus that plays a role in the motive of hunger by regulating the level of blood sugar.
theory that when our blood glucose levels drop, hunger creates a drive to eat to restore the proper level of glucose. These levels are detected by glucostats.
neurons in the brain that are sensitive to glucose in the surrounding fluid
a hormone secreted by the pancreas, must be present for cells to use blood glucose. If there is an increase in insulin, an increase in appetite occurs.
a hormone that is released from fat cells into the bloodstream. It signals the hypothalamus about fat stores in the body. A decrease in hunger can occur when fat stores are high.
environmental cues that have been associated with eating; appearance of the food, smell, and effort required to eat the specific food.
a chemical secreted by one animal that affects the behavior another animal of the same species. Usually detected by scent.
substances thought to increase sexual desire, but not proven.
the sexually arousing power of a new partner (greater than the appeal of a familiar partner)
the first phase of the sexual response cycle during which there are increases in heart rate blood pressure and respiration
slower rate but still an increasing physical response, the second phase of the sexual response cycle, during which physical arousal continues to increase as the partners bodies prepare for orgasm
The Porn Debate
does easier access to pornography effect our sex lives? The idea that aggressive pornography causes us to see sexual coercion as less offensive and in turn may contribute to date rape.
the need to associate with others and maintain/build social bonds
the need to excel; a desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard
Thematic Apperception Test
A projective personality test in which respondents reveal underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world through the stories they make up about ambiguous picture of people.
uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence
Elements of Emotional Experience
Cognitive, physiological and behavioural
Facial Feedback hypothesis
The hypothesis that emotional expressions can cause the emotional experiences they signify
Evolutionary Emotion Theory
assume that emotions are innate reactions that require little cognitive interpretation.
the examination of the neurobiology of emotions and other processes
assigning the incorrect meaning to an emotion because of a partial physiological response
involved with the experiencing of emotions. Determined to be a "rapid response" pathway. It can process emotion independently of cognitive awareness.
Fear, anger, joy,disgust, surprise, interest
subjective conscious experience
cognitive component of emotion
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