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Politics of Canada
How much do you know about Canadian government?
Terms in this set (198)
Aboriginal people of canada
The first people to live in canada
3 main groups of aboriginal peoples
A distinct people of mixed aboriginal and european ancestry
United Empire Loyalists
Settlers who came to Canada from the United States during and after the American Revolution
Joining of provinces to make a new country
Royal Anthem of Canada
God Save the Queen (or king)
Year of confederation
Year of the British North America Act
Provinces who formed the confederation first
-Provinces of Canada
Last province to join Canada
-we celebrate the anniversary of confederation
First Prime Minister of Canada
Sir John A. Macdonald
Importance of the Constitutional Act of 1982
It allows Canada to change the constitutional without asking approval of the British Government
Year Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms became part of the Canadian Constitution
2 fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
-Freedom of religion
-freedom of speech
3 legal right protected by the canadian charter of right and freedoms
-Right to live and work anywhere in Canada
-Right to a fair trial
-Right to protection against discrimination
Meaning of Remembrance day poppy
To remember the sacrifice of canadians who have served or died in wars up to the present day
Equality under the law
Being treated with equal dignity and respect, and having equal rights to speak out and express ideas
Responsibilities of citizenship
-care for our heritage and environment
-obey Canada's laws
-respect the rights of others
rights of Canadian Citizens
-right to challenge unlawful detention
-apply for a Canadian passport
-enter and leave Canada freely
Promise when you take the oath of citizenship
Pledge alliance to the queen, observe the laws of canada and fulfil the duties of a Canadian
Official languages of Canada
Example of where English and French have equal status in canada
In the parliament of canada
Where most French-speaking canadians live
Province that has the most bilingual canadians
The only official bilingual province
What the canadian flag looks like
White with a red border on each end and a red maple leaf in the centre
Canada's national anthem
First 2 lines of Canada's national anthem
O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command
The animal as an official symbol of Canada
Population of canada
About 34 million
Oceans that border canada
Capital city of canada
Provinces of central canada and their capital cities
Provinces of the Atlantic region and their capitals
-Newfoundland and labrador (st. Johns)
- Nova Scotia (Halifax)
-New Brunswick (Fredericton)
-Prince Edward island (Charlottetown)
Provinces of the prairie and their capital cities
Territories of the Northern Canada and their capital cities
-Yukon territory (whitehorse)
-Northwest territories (yellowknife)
Regions of Canada
Region that covers more than one-third of Canada
Region that more than half the people in Canada live
One third of all Canadians live in this province
Location of the Great Lakes
Between Ontario and the United States
Location of Parliament Buildings
Country that Borders Canada on the south
United States of America
The Province in Canada that is the smallest in land size
Prince Edward Island
Major river in Quebec
St. Lawrence River
Date that Nunavut became a territory
April 1st, 1999
The three main types of industry in Canada
Natural resources, services and manufacturing
Most Canadians work in this industry
The country that is Canada's largest trading partner
United States of America
The region known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada
The region known as both its fertile agricultural land and valuable energy resources
Canada's head of state
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
Queen's representative in Canada
Governor General of Canada
Name for the Sovereigns representative in the provinces
Name of Canada's system of government
Parts of Parliament
-The House of Commons
Name of a law before it is passed
How members of Parliament are chosen
Elected by Canadian citizens
Members of Parliament represent
Everyone who lives in his or her electoral district
How a Bill becomes a law
Approval by a majority in the House of Commons and Senate and finally the Governor General
Levels of Government in Canada
-Provincial & Territorial
Responsibilities of the federal government
National defense and foreign policy
Name of goverment of all of Canada
Number of electoral districts in canada
Requirements you must meet in order to vote in federal elections
-A Canadian citizen
-18 years or older
-On voters list
How goverment forms after a federal election
The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power. The leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister.
How the prime minister is chosen
The leader of the party with the most elected representatives becomes the Prime Minister
When federal elections are held
On the third Monday in October every four years following the most recent general election
Name of all the federal political parties in the House of Commons and their leaders
-Conservative (Andrew Scheer)
-NDP (Jagmeet Singh)
-Liberal (Justin Trudeau)
-Bloc Quebecois (Mario Beaulieu)
-Green Party (Elizabeth May)
Party that becomes the Official Opposition
The party with the second most MPs.
The role of the opposition parties
To oppose or try to improve government proposals
The official Opposition at the federal level
The New Democratic Party
Name of the Prime Minister of Canada and his/ her party
Justin Trudeau (Liberal Party)
_________________ has the right to run as a candidate in federal elections
Any Canadian citizen who is at least 18 years old.
Canadians vote for __________ in a federal election
A candidate they want to represent them in parliament
_____________is the federal political party that is in power
Senators are chosen by
the Prime Minister and appointed by the Governor General
After a federal election, _______________ is the party that forms the new government
The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power
-From 1800s to 1980s
-Aboriginal language and cultural practices were mostly prohibited
-The schools were poorly funded and inflicted hardship on the students.
-The federal government placed many aboriginal children in residential schools to educate and assimilate them into mainstream Canadian culture
People of quebec
The descendants of French colonists who began settling in what are now the Maritime provinces in 1604
The largest religious affiliation in Canada
_________________ is the act that granted for the first time in canada, legislative assemblies elected by the people
The constitutional Act of 1791
War of 1812
The USA invaded Canada and was defeated, which ensured that Canada would remain independent of the United States
Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine
-First leader of a responsible government of Canada in 1849
-A champion of democracy and french language rights
Sir Sam Steele
A great frontier hero, Mounted Policeman and soldier of the Queen
________________ played an important part in building the canadian pacific railway
Chinese Railroad workers
Race-based entry fee charged for chinese entering Canada
Sir Arthur Currie
Canada's greatest soldier in the first world war
Approximately ______________ number of canadians served in the First World War
More than 600,000
The women's suffrage movement
The effort by women to achieve the right to vote
The quiet Revolution
In 1960, quebec experienced an area of rapid change
Features of Canada's system of government
-A federal state
Band chiefs and councillors
Have major responsibilities on First Nations reserves
Founding people of Canada
"The people" in the Inumtitut language
Percentage of aboriginal people that are First Nations
The Canadian Pacific Railway symbolizes
Canada is a constitutional monarchy means
Canada's Head of State is a hereditary Sovereign (queen or king) who reigns in accordance with the Constitution.
The minister of the Crown must have the support of a majority of the elected representatives in order to govern
Role of the court in Canada
To settle disputes
Key documents that contain our rights and freedoms
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and Magna Carta (the Great Charter of Freedoms).
Difference between the sovereign and the prime minister
-The sovereign is the guardian of constitutional freedoms
-The prime minister selects the Cabinet minister and is responsible for operations and policy government
Significance of the discovery of insulin by Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best
Insulin has saved 16 million lives worldwide
Political party in power in Alberta
New Democratic Party
Significance of June 6, 1944 invasion of Normandy
Canadians made a significant contribution to the defeat of Nazism and Fascism in Europe during Second World War
Importance of Vimy Ridge
Canadian Corps secured its reputation for valour and bravery
When the party in power holds at least half of the seats in the House of Commons
The Province that is the main producer of pulp and paper and hydro-electricity
A member of Parliament from montreal announces that she will spend her weekend in her Electoral district. This means
She would be In some part of montreal where she was elected
The queens representative in the territories
Cabinet Minister are chosen
By the Prime Minister
The Canadian Coat of Arms and motto is "A Mari Usque Ad Mare" means
From sea to sea
Number of provinces
Number of territories
The leader of the Federal Official Opposition Party
Industries important to Ontario's economy today
Name of the leader of the Opposition in Alberta
Jason Kenney (UCP)
Name of the lieutenant-Governor of Alberta
Year that the indians name changed First Nations
Head of state
The Sovereign (Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II)
The name of the representative of the
Queen of Canada, the Governor General, is
The Head of Government, the Prime Minister, is
The name of the political party in power in the federal givernment is?
The Liberal Party of Canada
The name of the Leader of the Opposition is
The name of the party representing Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition is
Conservative Party of Canada
The names of the other opposition parties and leaders are
New Democratic Party - Jagmeet Singh/Guy Caron
Bloc Québécois - Mario Beaulieu (Interim)
Green Party - Elizabeth May
My federal electoral district is called
The representative of the Queen in
my province, the Lieutenant Governor, is
The Head of Government (the Premier) of Alberta is
The name of the provincial party in power is
Alberta New Democratic Party
The names of the provincial opposition parties and leaders are
Unified Conservatives Party - Jason Kenney
Alberta Liberal Party - David Khan
Alberta Party - Stephen Mandel
Freedom Conservative - Derek Fildebrandt
Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta - Richard Starke (Independent as party delisting by next election)
My member of Parliament (MP) in Ottawa: Edmonton-Westakiwin
Honourable Mike Lake
The name of the Commissioner, who represents
the federal government in my territory, is
The name of the representative of my electoral district is
Rod Loyola, NDP, Edmonton-Ellerslie
The name of the municipality where I live is
The name of the head of the municipal government (mayor or reeve) is
What are three responsibilities of citizenship?
Obeying the law,
taking responsibility for oneself and one's family, serving on a jury,
protecting and enjoying our heritage and environment,
helping others in the community,
voting in elections
What is the meaning of the Remembrance Day poppy?
To remember the sacrifice of Canadians who have served or died in wars up to the present day.
How are members of Parliament chosen?
They are elected by voters in their local constituency (riding).
Name two key documents that contain our rights and freedoms
Magna Carta (also known as the Great Charter of Freedoms) and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Identify four (4) rights that Canadians enjoy.
Aboriginal Peoples' Rights,
Official Language Rights and Minority Language Educational Rights,
Name four (4) fundamental freedoms that Canadians enjoy
-Freedom of conscience and religion;
-Freedom of thought, belief, opinion and
expression, including freedom of speech and
of the press;
-Freedom of peaceful assembly; and
-Freedom of association.
What is meant by the equality of women and men?
No to barbaric cultural practices that tolerate spousal abuse, "honour killings," female genital mutilation, forced marriage or other gender-based violence.
What are some examples of taking responsibility for yourself and your family?
Getting a job, taking care of one's family and working hard in keeping with one's abilities.
Who were the founding peoples of Canada?
Aboriginal, French and British
Who are the Métis?
A distinct people of mixed Aboriginal and European ancestry
What does the word "Inuit" mean?
"The people" in the Inuktitut language,
What is meant by the term "responsible government"?
The ministers of the Crown must have the support of a majority of the elected representatives in order to govern. So if the government loses a confidence vote in the assembly it must resign.
Who was Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine?
A champion of democracy and French language rights and the first leader of a responsible government in the Canadas.
What did the Canadian Pacific Railway symbolize?
The Canadian Pacific Railway is a symbol of unity, joining Canada from sea to sea.
What does confederation mean?
Joining of provinces to make a new country
What is the significance of the discovery of insulin by Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best?
Insulin is a hormone to treat diabetes that has saved 16 million lives worldwide
What does it mean to say that Canada is a constitutional monarchy?
As a constitutional monarchy, Canada's Head of
State is a hereditary Sovereign (Queen or King),
who reigns in accordance with the Constitution:
the rule of law.
What are the three branches of government?
Executive, Legislative, Judicial
What is the difference between the role of the Queen and that of the Prime Minister?
Head of state—the Sovereign—is a part of Parliament, plays an important, non-partisan role as the focus of citizenship and allegiance, while the head of government—the Prime Minister, actually directs the governing of the country
What is the highest honour that Canadians can receive?
The Victoria Cross (V.C.)
When you go to vote on election day, what do you do?
Go to the voting station with your voter's card and ID, mark an X in the circle next to the candidate of your choice, fold the ballot and present it to the poll officials
Who is entitled to vote in Canadian federal elections?
• a Canadian citizen; and who is
• at least 18 years old on voting day; and
• on the voters' list.
In Canada, are you obliged to tell other people how you voted?
Alternative ways of voting
-you can vote at advance polls. They are held on the tenth, ninth, eighth and seventh day before election day, from 12 noon to 8:00 p.m.
-you can vote by special ballot. If your residence is in Canada, you can apply to vote by special ballot after an election call (not before).
After an election, which party forms the government?
After an election, the leader of the political party with the most seats in the House of Commons is invited by the Governor General to form the government. After being appointed by the Governor General, the leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister.
What are the three levels of government?
Federal, Provincial/Territorial and Local/Municipal
What is the role of the courts in Canada?
The role of the courts is to settle disputes.
In Canada, are you allowed to question the police about their service or conduct?
Yes, if you feel you need to.
Name two Canadian symbols
-The maple leaf
-The Canadian Crown
-Canadian flag of 1965
-An official coat of arms
-A national motto, A mari usque ad mare, which in Latin means "from sea to sea."
What provinces are referred to as the Prairie Provinces?
Manitoba - (Winnipeg)
Saskatchewan - (Regina)
Alberta - (Edmonton)
What is the capital of the province or territory that you live in?
Why was Canada hailed as the Great Dominion by poets and songwriters
Because its a prosperous society in a rugged environment from our Atlantic shores to the Pacific Ocean and to the Arctic Circle
What are the percentage populations of FNMI people?
About 65% of the Aboriginal people are First
Nations, while 30% are Métis and 4% Inuit.
Where does the name Canada come from?
From "Kanata", the Huron-Iroquois word for village
The first representative assembly was
elected in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in?
Why did Major-General Robert Ross lead an expedition from Nova Scotia that burned down the White House and
other public buildings in Washington, D.C. in 1814?
In retaliation for the Americans burning Government House and the Parliament Buildings in York (now Toronto) in 1813 during the War of 1812 between America and Canada.
Who was Lieutenant-Colonel John Graves Simcoe?
Upper Canada's first Lieutenant Governor and founder of the City of York (now Toronto). Simcoe also made Upper Canada the first province in the British Empire to abolish slavery
Who was Mary Ann Shadd Cary?
An outspoken activist in the movement to abolish slavery in the U.S.A. In 1853 she became the first woman publisher in Canada, helping to found and edit The Provincial Freeman, a weekly newspaper
dedicated to anti-slavery, black immigration to
Canada, temperance (urging people to drink (less alcohol) and upholding British rule
Who was John Cabot?
John Cabot, an Italian immigrant to England, was the first to map Canada's Atlantic shore, setting foot on Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island in 1497 and claiming the New Founde Land for England. English settlement did not begin until 1610
Olympian Marjorie Turner-Bailey of Nova Scotia is
a descendant of?
Black Loyalists, escaped slaves and freed men and women of African origin who in the 1780s fled to Canada from America, where slavery remained legal until 1863
Who was the first European to explore the St. Lawrence River and to set eyes on present-day Québec City and Montreal?
Who said "My only reply will be from the mouths of my cannons?"
Count Frontenac when he refused to surrender Quebec to the English in 1690,
The present-day Canada-U.S.A. border is partly an
Tthe War of 1812, which ensured that Canada would remain independent of the United States.
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles de Salaberry and 460 soldiers, mostly French Canadiens, turned back how many American invaders at Châteauguay, south of Montreal?
How did the Duke of Wellington, who defeated Napoleon in 1815, therefore play a direct role in founding the national capital?
He chose Bytown (Ottawa) as the endpoint of the
Rideau Canal, part of a network of forts to prevent the U.S.A. from invading Canada again.
Who was Laura Secord?
Pioneer wife and mother of five children, made a dangerous 19-mile (30-km) ourney on foot to warn Lieutenant James
FitzGibbon of a planned American attack. Her
bravery contributed to victory at the Battle of
Beaver Dams. She is recognized as a heroine to
Does Canada have compulsory military service?
No, there is no compulsory military service in Canada
The Dominion of Canada was made of which four provinces?
Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
Who coined the term "Dominion of Canada" and what was his inspiration?
Sir Leonard Tilley in 1864. He was inspired by Psalm 72 in the Bible which refers to "dominion from sea
to sea and from the river to the ends of the earth."
Whose portrait is on the $10 bill?
Sir John Alexander Macdonald, a Father of Confederation, and Canada's first Prime Minister.
Whose portrait is on the $5 bill?
Sir Wilfrid Laurier became the first French-
Canadian prime minister since Confederation
In which war did the Canadian Corps acquire the reputation "shock troops of the British Empire"?
World War I
Who was Agnes Macphail?
A farmer and teacher who became the first female MP.
Who was Dr. Emily Stowe?
The first Canadian woman to practise medicine in Canada. Founder of women's suffrage movement whose efforts led to the right to vote for women.
Who composed the poem "In Flanders Fields" often recited on Remembrance Day?:
Colonel John McCrae
How many electoral constituencies are there in Canada?
Canada is divided into 308 electoral districts, also
known as ridings or constituencies.
Canada's economic relations with the USA
Canada enjoys close relations with the United States and each is the other's largest trading
partner. Over three-quarters of Canadian exports
are destined for the U.S.A. In fact we have the
biggest bilateral trading relationship in the world.
Which border is traditionally known as "the world's
longest undefended border"?
What are the names of Canada's five regions?
-The Atlantic Provinces
-The Prairie Provinces
-The West Coast
-The Northern Territories
Whose image is on the new $10 in November 2018?
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