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Patient Care Unit #8
Terms in this set (35)
What does the acronym AIDET stand for?
Acknowledge (the patient)
Duration (of exam)
Explanation (of exam)
When adding patient history to a chart, you must ______________ and ______________ the additions.
Answer: sign, date
When reviewing the requisition, the most recent ______________ notes will assist you in determining the patients current condition and clinical history for the exam.
A red bracelet denotes what about the patients condition?
A purple bracelet denotes what about the patients condition?
A yellow bracelet denotes what about the patients condition?
Answer: Fall risk
If the patient is to receive contrast, any ______________ should be reported to the radiologist.
Where can a cyanotic appearance be easily observed?
Answer: Lips, mouth, nail beds, earlobes
If a patient is experiencing an acute illness, how might their skin appear?
Answer: pale, cool, diaphoretic
If a patient is experiencing a fever, how might their skin appear?
Answer: hot, dry
If a patient is experiencing acute anxiety, how might their skin appear?
Answer: cool and moist; palms may be damp, hands may shake
What are the 4 levels of consciousness?
1) Alert and conscious
2) Drowsy but responsive
3) Unconscious but reactive to pain stimuli
What is the term for the disorder where consciousness is briefly lost without warning?
Answer: petit mal seizures
What is orthopnea?
Answer: Difficulty breathing while laying down
What temperature denotes a fever?
Answer: Higher than 38˚C
What are 4 factors that may affect body temperature?
1) Time of day
3) Physical activity
5) Hormone levels
6) Digestion of food
7) Hydration status
8) State of health (ie. presence of infection)
Under what circumstances is taking an oral temperature not advisable?
Answer: If patient is on oxygen, has had hot/cold beverages in the last 30 minutes, or is breathing through mouth
What two methods of temperature are used for children under 6?
Answer: Tympanic and temporal
Why is rectal temperature method contraindicated in cardiac patients?
Answer: Rectal temperature may elicit a vasovegal response which could lower the patients blood pressure undesirably
What is the least accurate method for taking a temperature?
Answer: The axillary method
Which is more accurate - the tympanic temperature or the temporal temperature?
Answer: The temporal temperature method
Under what circumstances would the dorsalis pedis pulse be taken?
Answer: If presence of peripheral circulation was in question.
What methods of pulse taking are used for infants?
Answer: Apical and brachial artery
What is tachycardia?
Answer: Abnormally high pulse rate (over 100 bpm)
What is bradycardia?
Answer: Abnormally low pulse rate
What is arrhythmia?
Answer: Irregular heart beat
What is bradypnea?
Answer: Slow respiration rate (under 12 breaths per minute)
What is tachypnea?
Answer: Rapid respiration rate (over 20 breaths per minute)
What is dyspnea?
Answer: difficulty breathing
Two causes of rapid, shallow breathing may be ______________ and ______________.
Answer: pleurisy, abdominal pain
What are the 4 types of adventitious breathing sounds?
1) Rhonchi (gurgles)
2) Rales (crackles)
4) Pleural friction rubs
What is Cheynne-Stokes breathing pattern?
Alternating periods of apnea and hyperventilation that starts with slow, shallow breaths that increase to a rapid rate with increased depth; the pattern reverses and ends in a period of apnea
What is hyperpnea?
Answer: an increase in the depth of respirations
What is hyperventilation?
Answer: an increase in the rate and depth of respirations
What is hypoventilation?
Answer: a decrease in the rate and depth of respirations
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