Terms in this set (41)
Fear and death
They were warriors of the
Strength and presence
If you lived in a lower class family. You would be sent to a
village school, and received samurai training from your father, older brother or uncle.
School of samurai taught young boys,
physical training, poetry, spiritual discipline, the moral code of samurai, and Zen Buddhism.
Training in the martial arts was considered
very important and began at age five.
During the Tokugawa period, the samurai were
not needed as warriors, so their academic skills were useful.
The main teachings from masters was to
"not dwell on words and paintings too much" fearing their minds would become weak.
The samurai fought primarily with
They viewed their swords to have
lives and spirits of their own, and they were often given names and stories about them and their masters.
blades were made by
repeatedly pounding and folding the layers of metal over.
samurai to keep their enemies at a safer distance away.
a bow and arrow was the
choice of weapon for many.
served mostly as a last resort weapon and they were also used when committing ritual suicide
Extremely skilled samurai used these fans composed of iron for the purpose of parrying (deflecting) the attacks of their opponents
The main part of the Armour was the do or cuirass. Made from
black-lacquered iron plates tied together, which made the armour flexible.
All samurai wore a special type of jacket called a kataginu, which were
shoulders over a skirt and trousers. On it would be the family crest.
The skirt was called a kusazuri, used to protect the
thighs, while arm covers were made of chainmail with silk.
The helmet also known as the kabuto, was designed to
strike fear within the enemy. A face mask decorated with ugly features was used.
The Bushido Code was developed during the
Ashikaga shogunate as a system of guideless to the way of life for the samurai.
The code itself
A true warrior was to never retreat or surrender, regardless if they faced impossible odds. If they were to face defeat, they would commit seppuku.
Bringing honour to one's own
family was a great importance
Warriors often stated their
lineage and achievements of their ancestors before clashing with their opponent
Women could also be samurai; but overtime, they became
more rare and women of the samurai class eventually came to be used for pawns, hostages, or spies.
the main religion samurai followed.
emphasized self-discipline, the idea that emotion was the source of action and the practice of zazen, sitting in empty-minded meditation until a sudden flash of intuition brought enlightenment.
Zen provided both a technique of
tranquility and composing the mind as well as a rationale for the sudden, spontaneous act of killing an enemy in battle.
Zen taught samurai to never fear
death because they would get reborn if they died.
All other schools forbid killing, but through Zen,
the sword was the killer not the user.
Ritual suicide to either: avoid capture, follow their lord in death, or if they broke the Bushido Code.
How was Seppuku performed
by thrusting a blade (usually a tanto or dagger) into one's own abdomen. Usually, they would then have a close friend decapitate them with a sword to put an end to the excruciating pain.
After battles, victors took their opponent's head as
a trophy of their victory.
Samurai put incense in their helmets, to
reward their enemy if they beat them in combat with a fragrant head.
Before setting off for battle
they would write a poem
At age 14, you officially became a samurai.
Tea was used to keep people awake during long hours of meditation, this was created by Zen monks.
tea ceremony provided the samurai a
a temporary respite, a small break.
The tea ceremony itself was a
cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of matcha, powdered green tea.