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Social Psych Ch1 Set 2
Terms in this set (28)
The third variable problem means that two variables may be related, but one variable might not _____ the other variable; rather, both are caused by some additional variable.
Which term refers to a study in which a researcher manipulates one variable to measure possible effects on another variable, while holding all other variables constant?
third variable problem
No one would expect that there is a causal relationship between ice cream sales and drownings. Yet, as ice cream sales go up, so do drownings. This is an example of:
putting participants in groups based on when they enroll in the study
Which method is NOT a potential tool for random assignment of participants?
Yusef was asked to participate in a study where he would fill out a questionnaire on life satisfaction once a year for the rest of his life. This is an example of a(n) _____ study.
The famous Milgram experiment had participants go to the campus of Yale University to complete the shock experiment. This is an example of _____ research.
Marco is examining a new cancer drug's effectiveness at reducing the number of cancer cells in a person's body. In this example, the number of cancer cells is the _____ variable.
If Jenny performed a study in which she examined whether violent crimes were more likely to occur in warmer climates it would be an example of a(n) _____ study.
Jared has been contemplating the personality factors that make someone successful in the work place. He ultimately comes up with a framework of which personality factors make a good worker. This framework would be called a(n) _____.
Dr. Agbaw examines the impact of traffic policies on driver fatalities. He conducts a study where he looks at the maximum speed limit across states and the number of fatalities experienced that year. This is a(n) _____ research study.
One benefit of a theory is that it helps to explain and _____ observations.
A(n) _____ definition entails a specific, concrete method of measuring or manipulating a conceptual variable.
The aspects of a study that give away its purpose or communicate expectations about how the participant is likely to behave are _____.
If a theory can add relevant insight into how a social phenomenon can be improved, then it is said to be:
Please choose the correct answer from the following choices, and then select the submit answer button.
_____ validity was noted in the text as a particular problem for social psychology.
A study that infected participants with a virus to study the effects of potential treatments would not be allowed because of which ethical issue?
Darwin's theory of evolution was particularly useful because it provided new information about the reasons that humans and other animals have developed in the ways they have. This demonstrates which strength of a good theory?
The science of social psychology is limited.
Shondra is interested in finding answers to questions about the meaning and purpose of life. While social psychology and research might help her find meaning, she will never find those answers using science alone. What does this demonstrate about social psychology?
Chandra was a participant in an experiment where she was able to figure out that the true purpose of the research was to assess the performance of minorities in interview situations. She felt subtle pressure to perform in a way that would be consistent with the researchers' expectations. The aspects of the study that communicated expectations are called:
Theories create order out of chaos and simplify the vast array of facts around us. This demonstrates which strength of a good theory?
Marcy is an economist who is trying to create an operational definition for a "depression" in the economy. Her operational definition for a depression is "bad performance in the markets for a period of time." Which of following is true about this operational definition?
generates new questions
When Einstein developed his theory of relativity, he had no idea how the theory could be used to explain physical events. Indeed, many consequences, such as the atomic bomb, resulted from the theory. The theory was able to explain phenomena and facilitate research he never even imagined. This demonstrates which strength of a good theory?
A good theory should explain a wide range of observations with a relatively small number of basic principles. Thus, a good theory is _____.
Sabah is interested in the effects of carbohydrate consumption on obesity. He searches for all published research that examines this relationships and statistically combines the results to determine the strength and reliability of the effect. What method is Sabah using?
In an experiment on the effects of strong arguments on persuasion, Dasha found that argument strength only affected participants who were invested in the issue being discussed. Investment in the issue is a(n) _____ variable in Dasha's experiment.
Maria creates a theory that, when applied, can help identify barriers to receiving vaccinations. This demonstrates which strength of a good theory?
Diego is about to participate in a research study. Prior to the study beginning, the researcher provides him with a form explaining the study and allows him to ask any questions. This is called _____.
Raquel believes she is involved in a research study to evaluate the effects of alcohol on lateral balance. However, the researchers are actually seeing if Raquel will consume an amount of alcohol similar to the confederates around her. The original study description given to Raquel is an example of:
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