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English, Unit #1, Short Stories
Terms in this set (36)
When two or more words in a group of words begin with the same sound (usually, the same letter or group of letters). For example: Anne's awesome apple; Fred's frozen french fries.
The opponent or enemy of the main character, or protagonist.
Words spoken to the audience by a character in a drama that are not supposed to be heard by the other characters onstage. A(n) ______ is usually used to let the audience know what a character is thinking.
the writer or a narrator tells the reader what the character is like: "Ben was a quiet, serious boy."
the author shows the reader or audience member what the character is like through
(1) how the character looks
(2) what the character does
(3) what the character says
(4) what the character thinks, and (5) how the character affects other characters.
The point in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the conflict reaches its greatest intensity and is then resolved. The ______ is also the part of a narrative when the reader or audience member experiences the most-intense emotions.
A struggle between opposing forces. A ________ may be external (between the character and another person, society, nature, or technology) or internal (a struggle within the character).
The conversation between characters in a work of literature.
A character who undergoes a significant internal change over the course of a story. This may be a change in understanding, values, insight, etc.
The literal meaning of a word is its definition as you would find it in a dictionary. ____________________ uses words in some way other than for their literal meanings to make a comparison, add emphasis, or say something in a fresh and
A scene in a story that occurred before the present time in the story. __________ provide background information about events happening during the current narration. They may be presented as memories, dreams, or stories of the past told by characters.
Clues or hints about something that is going to happen later in the story. Authors use _____________ to build suspense and to prepare the reader for what happens later.
Extreme exaggeration used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement that is not meant to be taken literally. For example: "I almost died of boredom." _________ is frequently used in humorous writing.
An expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its individual words. For example, "it's raining cats and dogs" is an idiom that means it's raining really hard—but there is no way to know that from the meanings of its individual words.
Language that portrays sensory experiences, or experiences of the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Authors use _______ to describe actions, characters, objects, and ideas, and to heighten the emotional effect of their writing. One way authors create _______ is through the use of figurative language.
when the reader or audience member is aware of something that the characters are not aware of.
when something happens that is the reverse of what you expected.
when the name or description of something implies the opposite of the truth (for example, calling a very tall person "Tiny").
A main or important character; a character who plays a large role in a story. _______________ usually face some sort of obstacle, and they will be present throughout all, or almost all, of a story. A story can have one _______________ or several.
The comparison of two unlike things to illuminate a particular quality or aspect of one of those things.
A character who does not play a large role in a story. _______________ usually do not face any obstacles during the course of the story, and they usually do not change during the course of the story. The reader does not usually learn much about _______________. They are just there for the major characters to interact with and to help advance the plot.
The feeling the reader gets from a work of literature. Another way to describe a story's ____ is atmosphere. When you walk into a place, it has an atmosphere that makes you feel a certain way; when you "walk into" a story, it too has an atmosphere that makes you feel a certain way. For example, the ____ could be calm, creepy, romantic, sad, or tense. Authors create ____ through word choice, imagery, dialogue, setting, and plot. The ____ can stay the same from the beginning to the end of a story, or it can change.
The use of words whose sounds imitate the sounds of what they describe, such as hiss, murmur, growl, honk, buzz, woof, etc. See also: figurative language.
Describing nonhuman animals, objects, or ideas as though they possess human qualities or emotions.
The sequence of events in a story. The ____ includes the opening event (what happens at the beginning/the main problem that the main character faces), the rising action (what happens to intensify the problem), the climax (when the problem reaches its most intense point and begins to be resolved), the falling action (what happens to solve the problem), and the resolution (how things end).
where the narrator is a character in the story who describes things from his or her own perspective and refers to himself or herself as "I".
third person limited
where the narrator is not a character in the story but the narrator can describe the experiences and thoughts of only one character in the story.
third person omniscient
where the narrator is not one of the characters and is able to describe the experiences and thoughts of every character in the story.
The main or central character of a work of literature. Usually, the main character is involved in a conflict or struggle with the antagonist.
The environment in which a story takes place, including the time period, the location, and the physical characteristics of the surroundings.
When two unlike things are compared—using like or as—in order to illuminate a particular quality or aspect of one of those things.
A character who does not undergo a significant change over the course of a story.
An object, setting, event, animal, or person that on one level is itself, but that has another meaning as well.
The practice of using symbols.
A story's main message or moral.
The author's attitude toward the subject matter or toward the reader or audience. Words that could describe ____ include doubtful, humorous, gleeful, serious, and questioning. ____ is conveyed through the author's word choices and the details that he or she includes.
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