Terms in this set (74)
Most facial products are grouped into 7 main categories. what are they
1. Cleaners 2. Exfoliates
3. Toners 4.Masks
5. Serums & Ampoules
6. Hydrators & moisturizers
Cleanser come in many forms and should be used _____ times per day
Why is soap not recommended for cleaning the skin's
it can leave a film on the skin and can be quite alkaline, causing dryness and other problems
list the 3 basic forms of cleansers
Cleansing lotions that contain more water based emulsion is usually recommended for 2 skin types
normal and combination
name the 2 skin types that cleansing gels are usually recommended for
oily and combination
cleansing gel products should be placed into the hands and ___________ should be added to help emulsify the product prior to applying it to the skin.
Cleansers can be removed with what 3 items?
1. disposable cotton pads
2. disposable gauze, sponges
3. hot towels
This type of cleansing product is considered heavier and is a water in oil emulsion, primarily used to dissolve make up and dirt
This is a type of detergent-type foaming cleanser with a neutral or slightly acidic PH
This cleanser can leave residue on the skin, it is recommended to use with a disposable cotton pad/gauze. This product should be followed with a second cleanser/toner and moisturizer
Cleansers that rinse with water and do not strip the skins natural acid mantle are the best choice. true or false
A cleanser can be used as a second deep cleanse when used in conjunction with a manual exfoliating brush or the brushing machine? true or false
milky lotion cleansers are usually recommended for dry skin as the product contains more oils or emulsions that help soften the skin? true or false
Cleansing gels leave the skin feeling clean but a little tight
name the 4 benefits of toners
1. Toners and similar products remove excess residue left behind by cleansers or other products 2. Freshener's restore the skin's natural ph after cleansing and hydrate the skin
3.Astringents have a temporary tightening effect on both the skin & follicle openings
4.Some products can help certain skin conditions, depending on the ingredients.
Name the 3 basic forms that toners usually come in
This product has the lowest alcohol content of around 1-4% and used for sensitive, dry and mature skin types
this product usually has an alcohol content of 4-15%. it helps to tone or tighten the skin and is used for normal and combination skin types.
This product may have an alcohol content of up to 35% and removes excess oil on the skin, some may be too drying for skin types other than oily or acne prone
Name the 2 basic types of exfoliation treatments?
List 8 ways that the removal of dead epidermal cells can benefit the skin?
1. makes skin smoother and softer
2. follicle openings are cleaner
3. deep pore cleansing and extraction are easier
4. the cell turnover rate is increased, bringing new cells to the surface more rapidly
5. The skin's ability to retain moisture and lipids is improved
6.Product penetration is improved, and delivery of ingredients into the epidermis
7.Blood flow and circulation are stimulated
8. makeup application is smoother and more even.
List 6 contra-indications of using the brushing machine, scrubs or any harsh mechanical peeling techniques?
1. Sensitive Skin 2. Skin with many visible capillaries
3. thin skin that reddens easily
4. older skin that is thin and bruises easily
5. acne-prone skin with inflamed pustules
6. Medications such as accutane/retin a (skin thinners)
the enzymes which are derived from the juice of the papaya are called?
Enzyme peels in a cream form that are applied and can be rolled off the skin are called
Exfoliates are products used to _____________ the corneum layer of the skins surface.
peel or slough
Granular scrubs are usually recommended ____ times per week
1-2 times per week
Chemical exfoliating agents such as AHA's dissolbve?
dead skin cells and the intercellular matrix, or "glue" that holds them together (desmosomes)
enzyme peels only digest the dead cells
on the surface of the skin
enzyme peels involve the use of enzymes which help
speed up the breakdown of keratin, the protein in the skin
Gommage treatment is usually a combination of an enzyme and
a mechanical exfoliation
name the 2 forms that masks come in
give 8 benefits that different masks and packs can provide for the skin
1. tighten and tone the skin
2. draw impurities out of the skin
3. clear up blemishes
6. Calm and soothe
8.Brighten the complexion
how long are masks generally left on the skin for?
what is the setting time for a modelage mask
what is used to hold a paraffin mask in place
which type of mask will draw impurities to the surface of the skin as they dry and tighten?
Which type of mask is formulated to nourish the skin rather then deep cleansing it?
gel or cream mask
which skin type will benefit from a stronger clay mask?
oily and combination skin
Which skin condition will benefit from a clay mask that contains an ingredient such as sulfur
which skin types will benefit from a paraffin mask?
dry and mature skin
which type of skin will benefit from a modelage mask
dry, mature skin or dull - looking skin
which type of skin is the modelage mask not recommended for?
sensitive skin, skin with capillary problems, oily skin , or skin with blemishes
contain kaolin, bentonite, silica & clays
Non setting masks
Also referred to as cream or gel masks & may contain aloe, seaweed, or collagen
Custom designed masks
Homemade masks derived from fresh fruits, vegetables, milk, yogurt, etc.
paraffin wax masks
Mask used to warm the skin and promote penetration of ingredients (plumps and softens)
also known as Thermal masks: that contains special crystals of gypsum, a plaster-like ingredient and mixed with water
The mask allows the practitioner to treat a variety of different skin conditions at the same time . true or false
Massage is not recommended prior to or after a modelage mask because
blood circulation will already be increased from the mask
serums or ampules are applied underneath a massage cream or ____?
moisturizer or mask
Serums are usually thinner liquids that are chemically formulated with smaller molecules that are able to penetrate further into the skin. This type of product can be made from ?
vitamins, lipids, antioxidants
Small, sealed vials containing a single application of highly concentrated extracts in water or oil base are called:
give the 4 benefits of eye creams
1. Protecting thin, delicate tissue
3. reducing lines
4.. decreasing puffiness
What can be beneficial to use on the eye during a facial?
Cotton pads (cold), tea bags, a cucumber,
Lotions, hydrators and creams are all referred to as:
which type of moisturizers are lighter emulsions for combination to oily skin that are absorbed quickly without leaving any residue on the surface of the skin?
water based moisturizers
Moisturizers usually contain an ingredient that helps retain water within the surface layers of the skin. these hydrators use___________ that attract water to the surface
which type of moisturizer contains emollients, are heavier and occlusive, and are designed to protect the surface and trap water under the cream
oil based moisturizers
give another name that treatment creams are referred to as
treatment creams designed to moisturize and condition the skin are best applied
which cream is often heavier in consistency, thicker in texture, contains more emollient and active ingredients
treatment creams designed for _________ skin types have very little or no emollient
which massage products come in a variety of textures and have a variety of bases and ingredients?
creams , lotions, oils
The variety of bases and ingredients of massage creams are designed to provide slip for massage while also nourishing and treating skin conditions. what type of product can be added to the massage product in this case
Extreme exposure to sun can lead to many problems on the skin. Name 6 problems:
4. capillary damage
5. free radical damage
6. collagen and elastin deterioration
an important part of an estheticians job is to recommend __________ to protect the clients skin from UV rays
What does SPF stand for
sun protection factor
Daily sunscreens can be in a moisturizer form and come in all weights and formulas. Oil free, light weight lotions that will not clog pores are best for ________ skin
SPF of 2 blocks
SPF of 15 blocks
SPF of 30 blocks
50 Percent of UVB
93.3 Percent of UVB
96.9 Percent of UVB
Full spectrum sunscreens protect the skin from both UVA and _______ rays.
What lotions are formulated with dihydroxyacetone (DHA)
You will need to consider what 2 things when determining products to suit your client.
client skin type
current skin condition
give 3 benefits why a client should purchase professional products from you
*less product needed
*generally formulated for individual needs
*more effective because of the high concentration of performance ingredients.
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