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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Social 20-1 (Chapter 2)
Terms in this set (43)
Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite
Motto for the Declaration of Men meaning "Liberty (Freedom), equality (equal rights), and fraternity (brotherhood)"
An internal consciousness, or awareness, shared by many people. It may be based on a shared memory of and pride in specific events, which become myths and symbols of belonging. (Ex: Tennis Court Oath and Storming of Bastille)
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution (Deputies of third estate vowing not to separate. Created National Assembly)
The first class of French society made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. (Paid very little in taxes, rule of law didn't apply, owned most land, etc)
nobility and aristocrats. (Paid very little in taxes. Rule of law didn't apply, owned most land, etc)
97% of the population (the rest of France) They consisted of the bourgeoisie, the san-culottes and the peasants; they paid high taxes and had no special privileges
the middle class, including merchants, industrialists, and professional people (accumulated economic wealth through trade and commerce)
Declaration of the Rights of Man
French Revolution document that outlined what the National Assembly considered to be the natural rights of all people and the rights that they possessed as citizens
The state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.
Reign of Terror
This was the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front. He tried rebels and they were all judged severely and most were executed.
French national anthem
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor. (defining moment for Americans- became united against British rule. This event sparked the American Revolution)
Trudeau's vision to create a country that balanced the rights of individuals with the rights of society
Cardinal described what he called the "buckskin curtain" that divided the first nations and the rest of Canadian society
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
French forces were defeated by the British during the Seven Years War (negative view for Francophones)
7 years war
French and Indian War
King of France (r.1774-1792 CE). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
Medical condition Louis XVI had that made it painful for him to engage in intercourse
Queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Young provincial lawyer who led the most radical phases of the French Revolution; his execution ended the Reign of Terror.
Women's March on Versailles
This was the march by the women of Paris to the home of Marie Antoinette in order to demand action for the ridiculous raise in the price of bread. (Women started it and carried the weight, however, they were not rewarded)
John Paul Marat
In charge of the newspaper, 'The People's Friend' called for the killings of thousands of people, including the September Massacres. Was deified after his murder by Charlotte Cordea.
Term used to address other people. Represented equality
John Paul Marat's assassin
fortress in Paris used as a prison; French Revolution began when Parisians stormed it in 1789
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
A moderate republican faction active in the French Revolution from 1791 to 1793. The Girondin Party favored a policy of extending the French Revolution beyond France's borders.
French Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789.
National Convention of 1792
abolished the monarchy and established a republic
Committee of Public Safety
Established and led by Robespierre, fixed bread prices and nationalized some businesses. Basically secret police and also controlled the war effort. Instigated the Reign of Terror.
nickname for the guillotine
Overthrew the French revolutionary government (The Directory) in 1799 and became emperor of France in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile.
those who favor extreme change
Those who want to restore political, social, and economic institutions that existed in the past
This group could live with or without the king, wanted some additional changes and supported violence only if it was justified
Like to stick to the traditional ways of government and tend to oppose change
believed that people are born selfish and need a strong central authority
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
separation of powers
French philosopher from 1712-1778 who believed that people are naturally good, but are corrupted by society (SOCIAL CONTRACT)
(1694-1778) French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
A conservative leader who was deeply troubled by the aroused spirit of reform. In 1790, he published Reforms on The Revolution in France, one of the greatest intellectual defenses of European conservatism. He defended inherited priveledges in general and those of the English monarchy and aristocracy. Glorified unrepresentitive Parliament and predicted reform would lead to much chaos/tyranny.
Is any government that does not have a monarch
World History Patterns of Interaction
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World History Human Legacy
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Social 20-1 Unit 1
Social 20-1 chapter 1
Social Studies 20 - RI1 / Chapter 1
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