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Terms in this set (19)
the factors in the environment that are non-living, such as sunlight, temperature, rainfall and soil.
a large region defined by a particular climate and specific animal and plant communities. Examples are: desert, forest, grassland, tundra, freshwater, and marine.
the living factors of the environment.
a consumer that eats only animals. They are predators, such as lions, wolves and sharks
all of the species that live together in the same habitat and interact with each other.
an organism that gets its food by feeding on other organisms.
an organism that gets its food by breaking down dead organisms. Bacteria and fungi are examples of these.
a community of organisms and their abiotic (non-living) environment.
the flow of energy that is transferred from one organism to another. Primary producers such as plants or algae, which get their energy from the sun, are at the base of the food chain. They are eaten by herbivores, which are eaten by carnivores. An example is: grass eaten by an insect, which is eaten by a frog, which is eaten by a snake, which is eaten by an owl. The owl is at the top of this food chain.
the feeding relationships between all of the members of an ecosystem.
a consumer that eats only plants; deer, sheep and rabbits are examples.
a consumer that eats both plants and animals; bears, raccoons and chimpanzees are examples.
a group of organisms of the same species living together in an ecosystem.
an animal that kills and eats other animals. These animals are carnivores, such as mountain lions, wolves and sharks.
an animal that is killed and eaten by another animal. A rabbit is an example.
an animal that eats producers.
an organism that converts energy in the environment, such as sunlight, into food. Examples include plants, algae and some bacteria that are capable of photosynthesis.
an animal that eats primary consumers. They are carnivores. A coyote is an example. They are higher up the food chain than primary consumers.
a relationship between two or more species; organisms in these relationships can benefit, be harmed, or be unaffected by the relationship.
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