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Terms in this set (84)
What is the minimum age to attain a ppl?
How many hours of ground school do you need to attain a PPL?
when does night begin and end?
begins at end of evening civil twilight to the beggining of morning civil twilight. or a half hour after sunset and a half hour before sunrise.
what aircraft type can a ppl pilot fly?
there are two.
2- ultra-light aeroplane
what do you need to obtain a seaplane rating?
7- hours of seaplane training including docking, sailing, taxiing
5- hours of dual instruction
5- takeoffs and landings as pilot in command
- flight exam with examiner
what is a blanket type rating?
gives ability to fly many different aeroplane types , typically within a particular category or class without obtaining individual type ratings.
what blanket type rating will you be given with your ppl?
all single pilot non high performance, single engine land aeroplanes.
what is required for high performance airplanes and aeroplanes that require more than one crew member?
individual type ratings
what is a high performance aeroplane?
1- certified minimum flight crew of 1
Vne 250 kias or greater
Vso 80 kias or greater
requirements to fly a high performance aeroplane?
1- complete ground training
2- complete flight training
3- minimum of 200 hours on aeroplanes
4- complete flight test
requirements to fly a two crew aeroplane?
1- complete ground and flight training
2- obtain atleast 70% on IATRA within 24 months preceding application
3- complate flight training on type
4- minimum of 250 hours pilot flight time in aeroplanes
5- pass flight test within 12 months after application
minimum visibility when flying VFR in a controlled airspace?
- 3 miles flight visibility
- 1 mile horizontal distance from clouds
- 500 feet vertical distance from clouds
what is SVFR?
special visual flight rules
minimum height in a control zone?
500 feet unless taking off or landing
what is the minimum visibility with special vfr?
minimum flight visibility in uncontrolled airspace above 1000 feet agl?
- visibility 1 mile by day 3 miles by night
- 2000 feet by day and by night horizontal distance from clouds
- 500 feet by day and night vertical distance from clouds
minimum flight visibility in uncontrolled airspace below 1000 feet agl?
- 2 miles by day, 3 miles by night flight visibility
- clear of clouds by day and by night q
checklist of equipment required for day vfr flight?
S- Sensitive Altimeter
A- Airspeed indicator
M- Magnetic Compass
O- oil pressure gauge
O- Oil temperature indicator
C- Coolant Temperature indicator
M- mannifold pressure gauge
F- Fuel Gauge
L- landing gear position indicator
R- radio communication system
what is the minimum survival equipment needed on the aircraft?
equipment for :
- starting a fire
- providing or purifying water
- visually signalling distress
what are the seatbelt requirements on board?
Everyone must be wearing a seatbelt except infants (2 years of younger)
what is the oxygen regulations for flying above 10 000 feet but below 13 000 feet?
if you are flying for more than 30 minutes at this altitude, you are required to carry enough oxygen for all of the crew and atleast 10% of the passengers. (but not less than 1 person). all flight crew must be using the oxygen
what is the oxygen regulation for flying above 13 000 feet?
Everyone on board must be using oxygen at all times. there should be sufficient oxygen for everyone for the duration of the flight at that altitude.
what does a pilot have to have on board for every flight?
what is the equipment required when flying over water?
- within gliding distance nothing is required
- within 50 nm from shore, life preserver, or individual flotation device
- within 100 nm from shore, life preserver required
- within 200 nm from shore, a raft is required to suit everyone on board and a life preserver for every individual
what is the procedure if two aircraft are at the same altitude travelling head on?
both aircraft have to alter their heading to the right
what is the procedure when you are overtaking and who has the right of way?
the rear person wanting to overtake must alter their heading to the right, the front person that is being overtaken has the right of way.
who has the right of way if two aircraft are on final approach?
the lower aircraft has the right of way
who has the right of way if two aircraft are converging at approximately the same altitude?
the aircraft with the traffic on its right hand side must give way.
what are the exeptions for right of way?
- a heavier than air aircraft shall give way to airships, gliders, and balloons
- airship shall give way to gliders and balloons
gliders shall give way to balloons
- power driven aircraft shall give way to an aircraft that is towing something
what is the Northern domestic airspace?
majority of northern canada where reference to true north is required instead of magnetic north because the magnetic north pole is at the northern part of the country causing the magnetic compass to be faulty.
what is the southern domestic airspace?
the majority of southern canada. they rely on magnetic north.
When you are transitioning from standard pressure region to altimeter setting region, when should you make the change on your altimeter?
make the change within the standard pressure region. before entering the altimeter setting region.
when you are transitioning from altimeter setting region to standard pressure region when should you make the change on the altimeter?
after entering the standard pressure region.
what is the standard transponder squak code when flying at or below 12 500 feet?
what is the standard transponder squak code when flying above 12 500 feet?
what is the squak code for a highjacking?
what is the squak code for a communication failure?
what is the squak code for a emergency?
what is a controlled air space?
an airspace where ATC (air traffic control) is provided
what are the dimensions of a standard control zone?
-7 nm radius
- 3000ft height
what is TCA? and what is the common structure?
- TCA stands for Terminal Control Area
- structure is similar to a upside down birthday cake
what is a class A air space?
air space extending from 18 000ft up to and including FL600. VFR aircraft are excluded from
class A air space
what is a class B air space?
all controlled low level air space ranging up to but not including 18 000ft.
what is a class F airspace?
a special airspace designed to contain flight training, parachuting, hang gliding, soaring or aerobatic etc.
what is a class G air space?
what are the limitations when flying in the vicinity of a forest fire?
you are not permitted to operate over a forest fire area, or within 5nm of the forest fire below 3000ft agl.
what is ADIZ?
- Air Defence Identification zone
- purpose is to facilitate control of aircraft and what it might be carrying when entering the Canadian territory.
what are the immediate actions you should take if you are intercepted?
1- Follow instructions from the intercepting aircraft
2- notify the appropriate air traffic control services
3- try to establish radio communication with the intercepting aircraft by making a general call on 121.5 mhz and give aircraft identification, position, and nature of flight
4- squak code 7700
how will an intercepting aircraft tell you to follow them?
1- they will shoot off flares
2- they will rock their wings
to comply, you must rock your wings too
how will an intercepting aircraft tell you to proceed on your way?
they will make an abrupt turn that is more than 90 degrees
how will an intercepting aircraft tell you to land at a certain airdrome?
they will circle around the airdrome and lower landing gear and fly in direction of runway
how should you tell the intercepting aircraft that the airdrome they chose for you to land in is unsafe?
you must raise landing gear at a hight between 1000 and 2000ft agl and continue to circle the airdrome
how can you notify the intercepting aircraft that you can not comply with their orders without a com?
you can switch all of your lights on and off in a regular manner. in a way that is distinct from the regular flashing lights.
how can you notify a intercepting aircraft that you are in distress if you have no comm?
you have to flash all of your lights at irregular intervals
when flying vfr by day, what is the fuel requirement on fuel reserves?
you are required to carry sufficient fuel to your destination plus remain airborne at normal cruising speeds for 30 minutes thereafter . also have enough fuel for taxiing, and possible and unforeseeable delays
when flying vfr by night, what is the fuel requirement on fuel reserves?
you must carry sufficient fuel to arrive at your destination plus remain at normal cruise speed for 45 minutes thereafter also have enough fuel for taxiing, and possible and unforeseeable delays
when can you activate your elt to test it?
within the first 5 minutes of any hour for a period no greater than 5 seconds
does your elt turn on automatically after a crash? how?
yes it does
and it turnes on by G-loading
is it mandatory to make a position report in an uncontrolled area?
no it is not mandatory.
it will however improve safety
what is the format for a position report?
Vfr or Vfr OTT
ie- traffic in the sandy lake area, cesnna 172 FCZA, 2 miles south of sandy lake, 1700z, 4500 feet, VFR en route to villeneuve
what is the system for choosing an altitude?
000 degrees - 179 degrees is odd thousands of feet ASL + 500
180 degrees - 359 degrees is Even thousands of feet ASL + 500
what is the procedure if you lose your communication ?
-set transponder to 7600
- if you are within a control zone then land
- attempt to contact different atc and different frequencies
- attempt to contact atc by cellphone
- after landing you must report what has happened
what does a series of green flashes while on the ground mean?
cleared to taxi
what does a steady green light while on the ground mean?
cleared for takeoff
what does a series of red flashes on the ground mean?
taxi clear of runway
what does a steady red light meanwhile on the ground?
what does a flashing white light mean while on the ground?
return to starting point on airport
what does blinking runway lights mean while on the ground ?
advises all vehicles and pedestrians to vacate the runway immediately
what does a series of green flashes mean while in the air?
return for landing
what does a steady green light mean while in the air ?
cleared to land
series of red flashes in the air?
airport is unsafe do not land
what does a steady red light mean while in the air?
give way to other aircraft and continue circling
what does the firing of a red pyrotechnical light (flare) mean?
do not land for the time being
minimum altitude to fly over a built up area?
minimum 1000 feet over the highest structure within a radius of 2000 feet
minimum altitude when flying over an airdrome on route?
minimum is 2000 feet
how long do you have to wait to fly after consumtion of alcohol ?
when do you need to file a flight plan ?
-whenever your flight is longer than 25nm
- whenever you are crossing into the usa. it does not matter how long the flight is (even under 25nm)
- when flying within the ADIZ
in an uncontrolled airport, when should you turn out after takeoff?
you have to fly the runway heading until you reach the circuit altitude
what are the three classifications for wake turbulence?
heavy- 300 000lbs or more
medium - 15 500lbs to 300 000lbs
light- 15 000lbs or less
if a large aircraft is landing, where is it best to rotate and take off after the large aircraft?
rotate and take off after the large aircrafts touchdown point to avoid wake turbulence
if a large aircraft is taking off before you, where should you rotate and take off after them?
rotate and take off before their touchdown point to avoid wake turbulence and fly higher then their flight path
where is the most dangerous wake turbulence behind a large aircraft?
behind the aircraft and about 1000 feet below it
what are the seperation distances behind aircraft ?
- heavy aircraft behind another heavy aircraft is 4 miles
- medium aircraft behind a heavy aircraft is 5 miles
- light aircraft behind a heavy aircraft is 6 miles
- light aircraft behind a medium aircraft is 4 miles
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