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Government in Ancient Greece
This Quizlet will cover The Minoans, The Mycenaeans, The Spartans, Athenian Democracy, and The Polis, Tyranny, and Ostracism lessons.
Terms in this set (30)
An often-fortified citadel usually found on higher ground or a hill.
An open space within a city that was primarily used for public assemblies and the marketplace.
Greek Archaic Period
c. 800-479 BCE, the span of time preceded by the Greek Dark Age and ending with the repulsion of the second Persian invasion.
Previously the nine highest positions in Athens. Oversaw the leadership of the Athenian military.
Previously the ruling body of Athens. Made up of its wealthiest citizens.
The highest class of a society, often familial and holding hereditary titles or political positions.
Known as the Ekklesia, it was the main governmental body of Athens. At least 6000 citizens had to be present for a vote to be held.
Council of 500 elected members of the Athenian Assembly, who would decide what was voted on.
Known as a polis consisted of an urban center which controlled a surrounding territory of land.
Greek Classical Period
c. 479-323 BCE, the span of time that began with the repulsion of the second Persian invasion and the death of Alexander the Great.
A governmental system where citizens are granted equal rights and can directly participate in political decisions.
The entire Athenian citizen body. Split into 10 artificial tribes with 139 demes. Each deme was led by an elected leader.
A governmental system in Sparta that had two independent kings.
An executive committee in Sparta made up of 5 men who served for one year and had the primary duty of observing the kings.
A council of elders found in Sparta that consisted of 28 men and held the important political power of veto.
Semi-enslaved agricultural laborers who lived on Spartan-owned estates.
Perhaps as few as 100 citizens - the wealthiest, most influential, and the best speakers- who met in secret to avoid accusations of conspiring tyranny and so lead to ostracism.
A complex maze from the Theseus and Minotaur myth that possibly represented Minoan palaces.
A term that comes from the short, witty replies that Spartans were famous for issuing.
A Bronze Age civilization based on ancient Crete that got its name from the island's legendary king, Minos.
A governmental system where one man is chosen to rule usually through birth.
A Bronze Age civilization based on the Greek mainland that got its name from the primary city, Mycenae.
A governmental system where a small group of powerful men rule.
A political device created in democratic Athens meant to ensure one man never became too powerful.
An independent Greek community that had its own government, traditions, and customs. Frequently referred to as a city-state.
Executive committee of the Boule. Responsible for the day-to-day operations of Athens. Each tribe served 36 days of the year.
One of 10 military commanders; one from each tribe. Commanded the Athenian navy and army. Terms could be extended during wartime.
A sea-based empire that rules through trade and naval force.
A governmental system where a single man comes to power through unconstitutional means.
Title used primarily during Mycenaean Greece for a king or ruler.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Warfare & Battles in Ancient Greece
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