Only $35.99/year

Terms in this set (37)

o Seriousness= major involves extensive reconstruction or alteration in body parts; poses great risks to well-being. Example for major is coronary artery bypass, colon resection, resection of lung lobe. Minor= involves minimal alteration in body parts; often designed to correct deformities; involves minimal risks compared with major procedures. Examples for minor are cataract extraction, facial plastic surgery, tooth extraction.
o Urgency= elective, usually is optional and may not be necessary for health. Example for elective is facial plastic surgery, removal of wart, breast reconstruction. Urgent, is necessary for patient's health, may prevent additional problems from developing (E.g, tissue destruction) not necessary a emergency. For example, for urgency, cancerous tumour excision, gallbladder removal for gallstones). Emergency must be done immediately to save life or preserve function of body part. For example for emergency, repairing a perforated appendix, repair of traumatic amputation, control of internal hemorrhage.
o Purpose= diagnostic, surgical exploration that allows physician to confirm diagnosis; may involve removal of tissue for further diagnostic testing. Example of diagnostic is exploratory laparotomy and breast biopsy. Ablative is excision or removal of diseased body part. Example for ablative is amputation, removal of appendix, cholecystectomy. Palliative relieves function or appearance to traumatized or malfunctioning tissues. Example is colostomy, debriding necrotic tissue, removal brain tumor. Reconstructive or restorative restores function or appearance to traumatized or malfunction tissues. Example is internal fixation of fractures, scar revision. Procurement for transplant is the removal of organs, tissues, or both from a person pronounced dead for purpose of transplantation into another person. Sometimes there are living donors such as one person donating a kidney to another. For example, kidney transplant, heart or liver transplant. Constructive restores function lost or reduced as a result of congenital anomalies. For example, repair of cleft palate, closure of atrial septal defect in heart. Cosmetic is to improve personal appearance. For example, blepharoplasty to correct eyelid deformities; rhinoplasty to reshape nose.