Adv of Project Management
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 42
Terms in this set (42)
◦Scope: What work will be done as part of the project? What unique product, service, or result does the customer or sponsor expect from the project?
◦Time: How long should it take to complete the project? What is the project's schedule?
◦Cost: What should it cost to complete the project? What is the project's budget? What resources are needed?
quality, risk, and resources areother constraints of projectthe application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements."Project managementthe people involved in or affected by project activities arestake holdersStakeholders include◦The project sponsor ◦The project manager ◦The project team ◦Support staff ◦Customers ◦Suppliers ◦Opponents to the projectwho serves a liaison between medical practice and human-centered design thinking.The Center for Innovation (CFI)Project cost management consists ofpreparing and managing the budget for the project.Project quality management ensures thatproject will satisfy the stated or implied needs for which it was undertaken.those tools that have high use and high potential for improving project successsuper toolssuper tools include◦project management software ◦scope statements ◦work breakdown structures ◦requirement analyses ◦lessons-learned reports ◦status and progress reports ◦well-planned kick-off meetings ◦Gantt charts ◦change requestsdifferent ways to define project success:◦The project met scope, time, and cost goals. ◦The project satisfied the customer/sponsor. ◦The results of the project met its main business or clinical objective.a group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individuallyProgram-provides leadership and direction for the project managers heading the projects within the programProgram manager-a very large project that typically costs over US $1 billion, affects over one million people, and lasts several years.Mega projectprojects, programs, subsidiary portfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectivePortfoliaframework in which portfolio, program, and project management are integrated with organizational enablers in order to achieve strategic objectivesOrganizational project management}Portfolio management addresses questions like:◦Are we working on the right projects? ◦Are we investing in the right areas? ◦Do we have the right resources to be competitive?Project and program management address questions like◦Are we carrying out projects well? ◦Are projects on time and budget? ◦Do project stakeholders know what they should be doing?}Meaning "let go," this hands-off approach lets teams determine their own goals and how to achieve them.Laissez-faireThis management by exception approach focuses on achieving goals or compliance by offering team members appropriate rewards and punishmentsTransactional:}Focus on relationships and community first and leadership is secondary.Servant leaderEmpower others and guide changes through inspiration.Transformational:These people can inspire others based on their enthusiasm and confidenceCharismaticCombination of transactional, transformational, and charismaticInteractionalNeeded when an organization needs a new direction, and the goal is to move people towards a new set of shared dreams. The leader articulates where the group is going, but lets them decide how to get there by being free to innovate, experiment, and take calculated risks.Visionary}One-on-one style that focuses on developing individuals, showing them how to improve their performance. Works best with workers who show initiative and request assistance.CoachingEmphasizes the importance of team work and creating harmony by connecting people to each other. Effective when trying to increase morale, improve communication, or repair broken trust.AffiliativeFocuses on people's knowledge and skills and creates a commitment to reaching shared goals. Works best when you need the collective wisdom of the group to decide on the best direction to take for the organization.Democratic}Used to set high standards for performance. The leader wants work to be done better and faster and expects everyone to put forth their best effort.PacesettingMost often used, also called autocratic or military style leadership. Most effective in a crisis or when a turnaround is needed.Commanding:provides certification as a Project Management ProfessionalPMIThe PMI talent triangle includes◦technical project management ◦strategic and business management, and ◦leadershipa set of principles that guide our decision making based on personal values of what is "right" and "wrongethics