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Fu Organ Relationships
TCM Theory II
Terms in this set (54)
What are the six fu in charge of?
-T&T water and food and distributing body fluids.
What are the steps of digestion?
1. When food enters the stomach it is decomposed into chyme (partially digested food), and then sent downward to the small intestine.
2. it is further digested and separated into clear and turbid parts.
3. The clear part,
, is transported throughout the body as nourishment, while the remaining fluids filter downward through the sanjiao into the bladder to be discharged as urine.
4. The turbid part is transmitted downward, where through the drying and moving actions of the large intestine it is discharged out of the body through the anus.
What happens "when there is no obstruction & qi decends smoothly"?
-the six fu-organs function well.
What occurs when there is stagnation or blockage?
Examples of diseases caused by stagnation or blockage
-excess heat in the stomach will scorch the body fluids, causing failure of the large intestine to transmit
and conduct, resulting in constipation.
-constipation due to intestinal dryness may cause ST qi to rise, which may result in belching, nausea, and vomiting.
-damp-heat accumulates in the ST it may "steam" the LV and GB to cause an overflow of bile,
Diseases of the six fu are usually deficiency or excess?
What do herbal treatments for the fu organs often aim to do?
-free the movement of qi and to descend qi.
What are the ext-int relationships?
Examples of connections and affiliations of the channels
-the hand taiyin LU channel connects with the hand yangming LI channel, which means that disease of the LI can be treated by accessing the LU channel.
-a case of excessive HT-heat may lead to a dysfunction of the SI that creates blood in the urine.
What regulates the T&T of water and food by the 6 fu-organs?
-the qi of five zang-organs.
e.g. the storage and discharge function of the UB requires the evaporating action of KD qi.
What does the f(x)s of the 5 zang-organs require?
-support from the 6 fu organs
What influences the f(x)s of the SI?
-the heart's governance over the blood and vessels
- the HT yang warming function
-the moistening & nourishing function of HT blood.
How does the SI support the creation of blood?
-the SI is enabled to digest the chyme, separate the clear from the turbid, and to absorb food-essence and water.-->
-the component of digested material that is rich in nourishment, the "clear", is conveyed by spleen qi to the HT-->
-where it is transformed into blood.
How can the HT & SI influence each other pathologically?
Excess-heat in the HT channel can move downward to the SI creating difficult or burning urination with dark or bloody urine.
-heat in the SI can also affect theHT to cause agitation,
mouth and tongue sores and other symptoms.
if the SI is affected by deficiency-type cold, food-essence cannot be produced normally; if prolonged, signs and symptoms of heart blood deficiency may appear.
How can you treat excess heat in the HT channel moving downward to the SI?
-clear heart fire and clear small intestine heat while concurrently promoting urination.
What reflects the relationship btw LU & LI?
-the interaction between the purifying and descending
functions of lung qi
-the conducting and transmitting functions of the large intestine.
The lung qi purifies and descends to promote both smooth qi movement and the dispersion of body fluids which also supports the transmission and conduction of waste products by the large intestine.
How can the LU & LI impact each other pathologically?
-When LU qi is congested, impaired purifying and descent can lead to dryness and obstruction of the intestinal qi, resulting in constipation.
-when excess-heat invades the LI, the resulting stagnation of bowel qi may also impact the diffusion and descending action of LU qi--> fullness of the chest, cough, and panting.
Which organs are associated with the earth phase and located in the middle jiao?
What are the postnatal acquired foundation & source for the generation of qi & blood?
Which organs play a significant role in the process of absorption, transformation, and transportation of food-essence?
What reflects the relationship btw SP & ST?
-the coordination between transportation and reception
-the interdependence between the ascent and descent of qi movement
-the mutual complement between the yin and yang of dryness and moisture.
Which organ acts to govern T&T, digest food & water, transports food-essence, & supports the ST while providing other preconditions for further ingestion of food & water?
What maintains the normal digestion of food and the transportation and transformation of essence and fluids?
The close cooperation of SP & ST
How can SP and ST affect each other pathologically?
-Failure of the spleen to transform and transport can harm the reception function of the stomach.
-a disharmony of stomach qi can also cause a disorder of the spleen in transformation and transportation.
Disharmony btw the transportation f(x) of the SP & reception f(x) of ST
-abdominal distention sensation of blockage (pĭ, 痞),
-Failure of transportation and impaired descent usually happen concurrently.
What happens when the ST fails to descend normally?
Treatment priniciple for when the ST fails to descend normally
-the treatment method in such cases is to support the stomach to promote digestion and direct qi downward.
-Herbs are employed in combination to treat the stomach while also boosting qi and fortifying the spleen.
What does the rising of SP qi do?
helps kidney and liver qi to rise
What does the descending of ST qi do?
helps heart qi
and lung qi move downwards.
How do the ascending of SP qi and descending of ST qi play a part in digestion?
-In food digestion and absorption, the ascending of
spleen qi lifts the food-essence and fluids upward.
-The normal descending of the stomach qi sends the chyme (partially digested food) downward to the small intestine.
-The interdependence of spleen qi ascent and stomach qi descent creates a normal condition for the reception and transportation of food.
What can SP qi sinking lead to?
-the failure of stomach qi to normally descend, and thus to counterflow upward.
-the ascending and transporting function of spleen qi is affected.
SP qi sinking-->failure of ST qi to normally descend
-sagging and distending sensations in the abdomen
-prolapsed internal organs
Whenever qi movement of other zang or fu organs are disturbed, consider
SP/ST functions since they are the hub of qi movement in the body
Which organs act together to control the free flow of qi and govern courage?
Which organ governs the free flow of qi which allows for the secretion of bile?
Which organ is attached to the liver and in charge of storing and discharging the bile?
What allows bile to be discharged into the small intestine to help the spleen and stomach digest food?
Cooperation btw LV & GB
How can LV & GB affect each other
-The smooth discharge of bile can be greatly affected by constraint or stagnation of liver qi.
-In cases of gallbladder damp-heat, the free flow of liver qi can also be affected.
army general who governs the design of strategy
an impartial judge of justice who governs decision-
Relationship btw LV/GB analogies
The designing of strategy is a process of planning and considering the future, a precondition to decision-making, while a decision is the final judgment to be implemented.
What maintains normal emotional and mental activity which provides for appropriate
action in one's life?
Cooperation btw LV & GB
A person w/ sufficient GB qi
-able to maintain a calm state of mind in the face of stressful situations
-able to make accurate judgments and choices
What happens if GB qi is def. or LV qi is constrained
the circulation of gallbladder qi can be affected--> mental depression, timidity, fear or anxiety.
How do you treat GB qi def. or LV qi being constrained?
-"regulate the liver and boost the gallbladder".
-the heart stores the spirit and governs all activities of the spirit, treatment can also include methods that calm the heart and mind with a formula such as Ān Shén Dìng Zhì Wán (Spirit-Mind Calming Pill, 安神定志丸).
What are the water organs?
What are the duties of KD/UB?
the generation, storage and discharge of urine.
What happens when KD qi is abundant and f(x)s effectively?
it both evaporates fluids and controls the
What happens when the UB appropriately stores and discharges the urine?
-it can support the kidney to govern water.
What happens if the KD qi is weak?
the bladder's function to store and discharge urine will be affected, which can lead to frequent urination, incomplete urination or incontinence.
Damp-heat in the UB or UB failing to control-->
changes in the color and quality of urine.
Problems of urine discharge are divided into which catagories?
Deficiency patterns resulting in problems of urine discharge are usually caused by what and how should they be treated?
-dysfunction of the KD
-should be treated by supplementing the kidney primarily and promoting urination secondarily.
Excess patterns resulting in problems of urine discharge are usually caused by what and how should they be treated?
-dysfunction of the bladder
-the treatment principles are to clear heat and
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