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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (26)
How does the story of the life of the Buddha map the human story of the spiritual quest?
At the age of 29, Gautama encountered a sick man, an old man, a corpse, and an ascetic (monk). He became acquainted with the reality of suffering and decided he must find the way to end it. He left his home and family on a quest to find enlightenment. His quest began with the practice of severe asceticism. After six years of strict fasting and meditation, he felt he had made little progress. He showed his determination to finding enlightenment.
List the four noble truths and the eight-fold path. Based on this, tell me: what is the core value, or message, of Buddhist tradition?
The four noble truths:
1. There is suffering
2. Suffering arises from craving
3. To end suffering, end craving
4. The way to end craving is to follow the noble eightfold path
The Eight-Fold Path:
1. Right view
2. Right intention
3. Right speech
4. Right conduct
6. Right endeavor
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right meditation
The core value, or message of Buddhist tradition from the four noble truths and the eightfold path are the way to achieve a release from suffering.
The four noble truths are based on the traditional model for creating a medical prescription. Just like a medical prescription for the body, it assumes that health is the basic and natural state. What is the basic "nature of mind" in Buddhist perception? (Hint: I called it "Noble truth zero"
It is everything that causes us to malfunction, whether it be emotionally, physically, or mentally. Its defining characteristics are (1) clarity, which means appearance-making, (2) awareness, awareness of something or cognition of something, and (3) experiencing something.
What is the Hindu and Buddhist understanding of 'enlightenment'? How are they the same and how are they different?
Enlightenment for the Hindu is recognizing that all things are united whereas in Buddhism An individual's ability to reach enlightenment and nirvana are dependent on their understanding of the Dharma.
What is karma?
The energy of the individuals past thoughts and actions, good or bad. Karma refers to good or bad actions a person takes during her lifetime.
What is Samsara?
The cycle of reincarnation, caused by karma. It ends when one reaches liberation.
A term for one who has reached the goal of the term-7Buddhist path and attained "enlightenment."
the most basic constituents of all phenomena
Four Noble Truths
There is suffering
Suffering arises from craving
To end suffering, end craving
The way to end craving is to follow the noble eight fold path
one who seeks enlightenment, vows to stay in the cycle to help others
'Way of the Elders' branch of Buddhism followed in Sri Lanka and much of Southeast Asia. It remains close to the original principles set forth by the Buddha; it downplays the importance of gods
there is no separate individual human self. humans are instead an impermanent collection of parts (the five skandhas - form, sense, perception, karmic impulses, consciousness).
NO SELF or NO SOUL
impermanence; nothing is permanent; no eternal "self"
Theravada Buddhists practise what simple form of meditation?
According to most accounts, approximately when did Siddartha Gautama live?
Fifth to sixth century BCE
The Buddhist understanding of the nature of life, especially human life. It is suffering, pain, misery, and death. First Noble Truth.
In the Buddhist tradition, who is a bodhisattva?
One who as dedicated him- or herself to achieving buddahood
How many Buddhist sects existed by the third century BCE?
Which great king converted to Buddhism and helped spread it throughout India?
According to the traditional story of the Buddha, what did brahmins predict about his future when he was an infant?
That he would become either a great emperor or a fully enlightened being
Who founded the Madhyamika ("Middle Way") school of Mahayana Buddhism?
At what age did the Buddha experience enlightenment?
In the Buddhist tradition, what does the term "dharma" mean?
What was the topic of the Buddha's first sutra (discourse or sermon)?
the middle way
According to which Mahayana school can we be reborn in another realm and from where we can achieve enlightenment?
a condition of great peace or happiness
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