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UNIT 1: Introduction to Honey Bees and Beekeeping
ENVS 2210 Final Exam study set for Unit 1 (Not including textbook)
Terms in this set (20)
Why are Honey bees considered excellent biological study subjects?
1. They are social animals to study
2. It is convenient
3. They are interesting insects
What are the social aspects studied in bees?
1. they are studied to teach us about ourselves: humans compare bees with humankind "busy as a bee" "lazy like a drone"
2. Characteristics of human interest: aggression, hormone regulation, alcoholism, immunity
3. Architecture: combs built with perfect hexagonal cells to withstand heavy loads and rear bees
4. Dance language: bees can tell sister workers where food sources are located
5. pheromone communication: reproductive, cohesion and foraging aims
6. Evolution studies: how/why did social behavior evolve, how has it come that workers give up reproduction and lives in favor of the queen and colony, how can sperm cells be stored and remain alive for several years within the queens spermatheca
7. honey bees and flowers they visit: coevolution
Why is it convenient to study bees?
it is easy to keep bee colonies with available study subjects
How are bees interesting insects?
-they intrigued philosophers, writers and artists
-nature photographers include them in their pictures, documentaries, etc. They are colourful and available
Why are honey bees beneficial and productive insects?
-Honey is used as food and medicine, it is rich in carbohydrates, vitamins and antibacterial components
-they are highly valued for their pollination value they provide, growers have become more reliant on them (worth > 2 billion dollars in crops in Canada and 150 billion dollars globally)
-they provide beeswax, pollen, propolis and bee venom
- they have become sources of entertainment for hobby beekeepers, movies and documentaries
the art of providing honey bees a dwelling (hive) and manage them according to season.
(T or F) Is it important to learn beekeeping practices over several seasons and from the literature?
When did humans hunt bee colonies to steal their honey?
9-10 thousand years ago
How did beekeeping start?
when humans learned to safeguard swarms and colonies, by providing them with a certain amount of care and keeping them in human-made hives
Where did the earliest records of beekeeping come from?
How long ago did the earliest records of beekeeping come from?
4-5 thousand years ago
What did the Egyptians use honey for?
-alcoholic beverage when fermented
How did Egyptians transport bee colonies along the Nile River?
in long clay cylinders on boats
What did Cleopatra use honey for?
What did Babylonians keep bees in?
What did Greeks and Romans keep bees for?
honey, wax production and studying
What did Aristotle do with bees?
-used an observation hive to study bees' activities
-thought queen was a king
-recommended honey as an remedy for several ailments
How did bee hives change over time?
-made out of pottery, wood, wicker, straw or cork
What was widely used to house bee colonies in most parts of Europe?
Upside-down wicker baskets
When was the scientific basis of beekeeping practice established?
16th, 17th and 18th centuries
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