The Chiropractic Theories: Dr. Ross

#1) Muscle Spindle/Golgi Tendon Theory
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Theorizes that manipulation breaks scar tissue in the joints.

So, a joint becomes injured and in the healing process scar tissue is produced which undesirably restricts joint motion.

Therefore, before manipulation you may expect to palpate joints with restricted movement.

Following the adjustment you would expect to see improvement in the movement.
In each joint there is a small structure referred to as a meniscoid.

It is similar to the meniscus of the knee joint (there roles are to improve the contact are between the 2 joint surfaces).

It is believed that in some instances these structures can get stuck in a position that restricts the joint movement.

The adjustment would then free the structure and hence joint motion would improve.
An adjustment improves motion which would improve joint lubrication.

In order to minimize the detrimental effects of friction in a joint, our synovial joints are bathed in synovial fluid.

For this fluid to be maintained in a functional manner, movement of the joint is required.

So, your goal would be to establish that you have improved joint movement so that the fluid can do its job.

In theory this could delay or prevent cartilage degeneration.
This is the theory that backs subluxation based practice.

These practitioners believe that if nerve roots are irritated in the area of the intervertebral foramen they can adjust the spine to move the vertebra so that it will stop irritating the nerve.

Those that practice this way have no concern for patient signs or symptoms. There goal is simply to maximize nerve flow so that all cells of the body can operate to their maximum potential.