Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Politics of Canada
Social 9 PAT Review Part A
Ch 1-5 Social 9 Governance and Rights
Terms in this set (99)
The body with the power to make decisions for a society.
The process of governing.
A special set of laws that establish a framework of governance.
Includes the Prime Minister and his Cabinet
The part of the Government that puts laws into action.
Includes the House of Commons, the Senate and the Governor General.
The part of the government that makes the laws.
Includes Canada's court of law. The members of the Judicial branch come from the legal profession.
The part of the government that interprets and applies the law by making legal judgement.
Someone who is represented by an elected official from that riding.
The total votes cast in an election, as different front he total seats won in an election, regardless of whether they win ridings.
Groups in society who do not form the majority of the population.
answerable to someone for your actions; observable, transparent.
The people who serve Canadians as employees of government.
The process of becoming a part of a different cultural group (not your own)
Someone hired by a group to influence MPs and government officials.
to make decisions as a government and put decisions into action
A sovereign head of state, especially a king or queen
The upper house of parliament
House of Commons
The lower house of parliament
an opinion based unchallenged assumptions
Final stage of the legislative process, where the monarch formally approves an act of parliament
Fair and Equitable
Governed by rules that apply to everyone
the institutions and procedures for applying laws in a society
help in the community performed as part of a sentence
A permanent record of breaking the law, which is public information
a consequence for a crime determined by a court of law
reteach positive attitudes and behaviour
to make part of society again
a freedom that is protected
an obligation or duty
the act of making or enacting laws
a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
try to sway public opinion
A government body that brings charges against a person accused of breaking the law
to set apart; to take possession of and hold in custody
a sentence that the offender is allowed to serve under supervision in the community
Youth Criminal Justice Act
Reliability, based on a critical assessment of source, facts and bias
The process of establishing colonies, in which a region is claimed and governed by a country from another part of the world
Includes the evidence that supports the innocence of a person accused of a crime - the lawyer that represents the accused is the defense.
John Howard Society
An advocacy group that works with men, women, boys and girls in trouble with the law
Elizabeth Fry Society
An advocacy group that focuses on justice issues for women and girls.
Play an important role in sentencing circles in the First Nations traditions.
Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Sets out the rights and freedoms necessary in a free and democratic society.
-the freedom to express your opinion
-the freedom to choose your own religion
-the freedom to organize peaceful meetings and demonstrations
-the freedom to associate with any person or group
-the right to vote for members of the House of Commons and of provincial legislatures
-the right to vote for a new government at least every 5 years
- the right to move anywhere in Canada and earn a living there
-the right to enter, leave or stay Canada
- the right to be free of imprisonment, search and seizure without reason backed by law and evidence
-The right to a fair and quick public trial by an impartial court that assumes that you are innocent until proven guilty
-the right to be free of discrimination because of race, national or ethnic origin, religion, age, mental or physical disability.
Right to Vote
Democratic right of Canadian Citizens
Putting a person in prison or other kind of detention, generally in wartime
Groups from Canada - Ukrainian's, Japanese and Italians.
Rights guaranteed to specific groups in Canada's society for historical and constitutional reasons.
To validate and express commitment to somthing.
Shared identity of a group of people because of a common language and culture.
Independence as a people, with a right to self-government.
Land for the exclusive use of First Nations.
An annual payment.
Fixing firmly within.
The belief that one's culture is superior to all other cultures.
A person who's first language is French.
A person who's first language is English.
Rights with origins in fundamental justice.
Legal declaration of specific areas of property, including land and water.
Official Language Minority
A group that speaks one of Canada's official languages and that does not make up the majority of the population.
Guaranteed to every person in Canada.
Word Europeans used to describe the First Nations of North America, though they were a diverse people with names for themselves.
Historic agreements that affect the identity and rights of First Nations in Canada.
Umbrella name for the diverse aboriginal peoples who have collective rights that are recognized and protected in Canada's Constitution.
Describe principles or conditions that must must be followed. (What needs to happen)
Describe objectives of the government within a law. (What they will do)
To make part of.
Officials on reserves who interpret treaty rights made by the government.
Federal Legislation first passed in 1876 which defines the federal government's obligations and regulates the management of Indian reserve lands, Indian money's, and other resources.
Aboriginal peoples who do not have historic treaties with the government like the First Nations did.
Government-sponsored religious schools established to assimilate indigenous children in Euro-Canadian culture
To bring to a country something that belongs to the country
Official Language Community
One of the groups in Canadian society whose members speak an official language of Canada - French or English - as their First Language
Manitoba Schools Act
An act that abolished French as an official language in the province, and eliminated state funding for Catholic Schools
In 1892, the Haultain Resolution was proposed by the Premier of the North-West Territories (Frederick Haultain) to have proceedings of the assembly to the English only.
North-West Territories Ordinance Number 22
Ordinance Number 22 required English as the language of instruction in all schools (1892)
The process of people establishing homes, and often citizenship, in a country that is not their native country.
A person who seeks refuge in another country because of danger or persecution in his of her home country.
To do with the characteristics of populations.
All members of the population who are able to work.
System containing the criteria Canada uses to decide who is accepted as immigrants. (Applies only to Economic Immigrants)
A formal agreement.
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
Act that established categories of who can come to Canada from other countries to establish permanent homes.
Immigrants who are spouses, partners, children, parents and grandparents of people living in Canada.
Immigrants who are skilled workers and business people.
Immigrants who are accepted because of humanitarian of compassionate reasons.
Factors that make people emigrate their home country.
Factors that make people immigrate to Canada.
Fixed fee/tax required by Canada's Government from Chinese immigrants because immigration from China was discouraged.
Factors for Economic Immigrant's Immigration Test
English or French Skills
Arranged Employment in Canada
Every potential economic immigrant to Canada must provide that they are in good health.
Can be refused if:
- Their health can but Canadians at risk (contagious)
- Condition could endanger public safety (mental disorder)
- health could put a "excessive demand" on Canada's health services (HIV/AIDS)
Helped to establish the Immigration and Refugee Board to provide quick and fair hearing for people claiming refugee status in Canada. People seeking refugee status are provided with the necessities of life (shelter, food, security)
Provincial Nomination Program
Established to allow Canada's different provinces and territories to select individuals who indicate an interest in settling in a particular province/territory.
A specific agreement with Quebec. Quebec can nominate the percentage of immigrants to Canada that corresponds to its population and requires immigrants who settle in Quebec to send their children to French-Language Schools.
federal legislation related to the rights and status of First Nations peoples to meet treaty rights but having the goal of assimilation.
Other sets by this creator
Social 9 Chapter 5 Immigration
Social 9: Individual Rights (Ch 3 )
Social 9 PAT Review Part B: Economic and Political…