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Anthropology 335 - Unit 4

Terms in this set (24)

Form of cyclic movement when a person moves temporarily because of a change in season. Otherwise known as a seasonal round.

Seasonal Round

Gitskan - NW Coast
- summer:
*river fishing, dispersal to fish camps
- late summer:
* berry harvest, goat hunting, and medicinal plant gathering
- fall:
*low elevation hunting & fishing
-winter:
*feasting & enjoyment of stored food in village sites
-early spring:
*travel to coast for grease trade & oolachan fishing

Witsuwit'en -
- summer:
* -congregate at canyon sites for wishing & feasting
- late summer:
* berry harvest, goat hunting, and medicinal plant gathering
- fall:
* travel to distant traplines
-winter:
*subsistence in small family groups dispersed on traplines
-early spring:
*return from traplines

Kaska - Tundra
-summer:
*come together at lakes w/ fish runs to socialize
*catching white fish
*traplines a far distance from residence

-fall:
*dispersing into family units

-winter:
*fishing at certain places
*hunting, especially caribou
*trapping

Australia - Desert
- wet season:
*small family groups spread out
*abundance of water but little food; no new plant food and no game encountered

- green grass season:
*move to new waterholes around fertile sand plains and harvest tubers
*may take migrating birds but little local game

-cold time:
*economic prosperity; many tubers, acacia, grass seeds, & fruits; focusing on easily obtainable food
- live semi-permenately around large water holes

-"goanna get up time":
*burning landscape to attract game & stimulate grass seeds & tubers
*lizards and kangaroos are hunted
*grass seeds, Cyperus bulbs, fruits, & tubers are collected

- hot time:
* move to rockholes
* try to conserve food & water; caloric intake may be around 800 calories
* sometimes have to feed blood to each other