Path Review Crossword Quiz

state in which the person is not unconscious but exhibits little or no spontaneous activity
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 66
Terms in this set (66)
Secretes 3 types of hormones: glucocorticoids, the mineralcorticoids, and androgensAdrenal cortexInaccuracies of movement leading to failure to reach a specified targetDysmetriaInjury due to a closed head injury opposite from the area of direct impactContre-coupThis syndrome is characterised by early sleep onset and early risingAdvanced sleep phase syndromeLatin word for honey or sweetMellitisA _______ hormone will stimulate the peripheral target gland to secrete its hormoneTropicA generalised infection of parenchyma of the brain or spinal cordEncephalitisThe posterior pituitary hormones: ADH and ________ are synthesized in the cell bodies of neurons in the hypothalamusOxytocinStorage form of glucose that is not needed for energyGlycogenAn abnormal increase in CSF volume in any part or all of the ventricular systemHydrocephalusContains 3 fatty acids linked by a glycerol moleculeTriglycerideLargest lobe and often referred to as the "chief administrator" of the brainFrontal lobeThe principle excitatory neurotransmitter in the brainGlutamateSeizure that do not stop spontaneously are calledstatus epilepticusFast side-to-side movement of eyesNystagmusDisorder of decreased alertness with associated psychomotor retardationObtundationIncrease in size of thyriod glandGoitreProduced in the raphe nucleus in the brain stem; dervived from tryptophanSerotoninThe active form of _______ is composed of two polypeptide chains- an A chain and a B chainInsulinA wide-based unsteady gaitAtaxiaVisible twitching movements of muscle fibres that can be seen as flickers under the skinFasciculations___________ adrenal hyperplasia is an autosomal recessive trait in which a deficiency exists in any of the enzymes necessary for the synthesis of cortisolCongenitalA disorder of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism resulting in insulin imbalanceDiabetesExcessive thirstpolydipsiaThe sense of body movement and position, independent of visionProprioceptionA 6-carbon molecule that is an efficient fuel, which breaks down to form CO2 and H2OGlucoseA disorder of transmission at the neuromuscular junction, that affects communication between the motor neuron and the innervated muscle cellMyestheria GravisAlzheimer's disease is associated with production of faulty protein (APP) that is normally important for synaptic transmission. This protein builds up as ___________ plaque until neurons dieAmyloidThe lobe responsible for integration of sensory inputParietalExcessive urinationpolyuriaA large cytoplasmic protein located on the inner surface of the sarcolemma or muscle fibre membrane and concentrated on the Z-bands of the muscledystrophinA degenerative disorder of basal ganglia function that results in reduction of striatal concentration of dopamineParkinson's DiseaseFormerly called a grand mal seizure, most common major motor seizureTonic-clonicA mineralcorticoid that plays an essential role in regulating levels of potassium, sodium, and water balanceAldosteroneDusky or bluish mucous membranes associated with impaired ventilation and diffusionCyanosisA disorder of in which all the layers of the adrenal cortex are destroyedAddison's diseaseGeneralized, non-convulsive epileptic events that are expressed mainly as disturbances in conciousnessAbsenceEnzyme that rapidly inactivates acetylcholineacetylcholinesteraseA disease that is associated with hyperthyroidism presented with a mass in the neck and exophthalmosGraves diseasePrevents patients with diabetes from detecting pain in feet and can worsen injury to tissueNeuropathyThe most efficient form of fuel storage, providing 9 kcal/g of stored energyfatBulging or protruding eyeballsExophthalmosVagal stimulation that causes a marked _____________ is called the vasovagal responsebradycardiaSympathetic nervous system regulation of circulatory function and body temperatureThermoregulation________ motor neuron lesions are those involving neurons completely contained in the CNSUpperThe failure to accurately perform rapid alternating movementsDysdiadochokinesiaOrganic acids that can lead to acidosis when present in excessive amountsKetones________ dystrophy is a group of genetic disorders that produce progressive deterioration of skeletal musclesMuscularInjured or hypoxic neurons in the brain can release the excitatory neruotransmitter ________ which binds to and overexcites neighbouring neurons, injuring them tooGlutamateExcessive growth hormone can lead to this disorderGigantismThis disease affects the oligodendrocytes of the CNSMultiple sclerosisDouble visionDiplopiaIschemic __________ is the part of an acute ischemic stroke that is at risk of progressing to infarction but is still salvageable if re-perfusedPenumbraAn inflammation of the pia mater, the arachnoid, and the CSF-filled subarachnoid spaceMeningitisThe rhythmic contraction and alternate relaxation of a limbClonicExcessive _________ pressure can obstruct cerebral blood flow, destroy brain cells, displace brain tissue, and damage delicate brain structuresIntracranial