scientific understanding of behaviour (lecture)

Term
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Which is NOT a reason why you should study research methods

1) it can help you become an informed consumer of products, services, health care, and news

2) it is impossible to be part of the academic community and think scientifically without doing so

3) it can give you a competitive edge in your career

4) it can help you become an informed citizen and participate in policy debates

5)it can help you evalutate the efficacy of programs in which you may choose to participate or that you may implement in your community
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Terms in this set (43)
Which is NOT a reason why you should study research methods

1) it can help you become an informed consumer of products, services, health care, and news

2) it is impossible to be part of the academic community and think scientifically without doing so

3) it can give you a competitive edge in your career

4) it can help you become an informed citizen and participate in policy debates

5)it can help you evalutate the efficacy of programs in which you may choose to participate or that you may implement in your community
What's a problem of the method of authority?difficult to verify if they are biasesTrue or false, the scientific method dismisses the use of intuition and authority as a source of ideasFalse The scientific method recognizes authority and intuition, BUT these ideas must be evaluated on the basis of logic and systematic observationWhat are the 4 norms that should categorize scientific inquiry1) universalism 2) communality 3) disinterestedness 4) organized skepticismWhat does the norm "universalism" meanscientific observations are systematically structures and evaluated using accepted methods of the disciplineWhat does the norm "communality" meanmethods and results are to be shared openly; replicated by othersWhat does the norm "disinterestedness" meanscientists do not have an agenda other than finding the truthWhat does the norm "organized skepticism" meanideas are evaluated in an open free market of ideas peer reviewedWhat is the benefit of peer reviewensures that research with major flaws in theory, methodology, analyses, or conclusions will not become part of the scientific literaturegood job!!What is the main advantage of the scientific approach over other ways of knowingscientific approach provides an objective set of rules for gathering, evaluating, and reporting evidenceCan an idea that is not falsifiable be investigated scientificallyNoIs the following a falsifiable idea: Believing in God(s) increases peoples' willingness to help othersyesIs the following a falsifiable idea: God is realNoDescribe pseudoscience (3)1) attempts to present knowledge that uses scientific terms to make claims look compelling, but without using scientific data 2) occasionally takes reputable science and presents it out of context 3) often carefully designed to confirm existing theories and anecdotesIf supportive evidence of a study relies heavily on experts without actual credentials, is the study scientific or is it pseudoscience?pseudoscienceIf a claim is rarely revisited to account for new data, is it likely scientific or pseudoscience?pseudoscienceWhat are the 4 goals of scientific research that guide psychology1) to describe behaviour 2) to predict behaviour 3) to determine the causes of behaviour 4) to understand or explain behaviourWhat guiding goal of scientific research... - involves careful observation and measurement - can provide a foundation for future researchGoal = to describe behaviourWhat guiding goal of scientific research... - makes predictions after it has been observed with some regularity that 2 events are systematically related to one another in order to anticipate eventsGoal = to predict behaviourDo predictive relations equal causationNoWhat guiding goal of scientific research... - uses experiments to identify cause-and-effect relationships - after establishing the cause of behaviour, often attempts to change itGoal = to determine the causes of haviourWhat guiding goal of scientific research... - often provokes additional research to explore possible explanations of the causal relationshipGoal = to understand or explain behaviourWhich is NOT one of the 4 goals of scientific research that guide psychology 1) to describe behaviour 2) to predict behaviour 3) to create a relationship between an IV/ DV 4) to determine the causes of behaviour 5) to understand or explain behaviour3) to create a relationship between an IV/ DVWhat 3 criteria must be satisfied to identify a cause1) When the cause is present, the effect occurs (& when the cause is not present, the effect does not occur) 2) There is a temporal order of events in which the cause precedes the effect 3) Alternative explanations are eliminatedWhich of the following is NOT part of the 3 criteria that must be satisfied to identify a cause 1) When the cause is present, the effect occurs (& when the cause is not present, the effect does not occur) 2) There is a temporal order of events in which the cause precedes the effect 3) The knowledge the two events often occur together 4) Alternative explanations are eliminated3) The knowledge the two events often occur togetherBasic research attempts to answer...Fundamental questions about the nature of behaviourApplied research attempts to address...practical problems and potential solutionsTesting 2 competing theories that explain how people develop mental maps is an example of a) basic research b) applied researcha) basic researchTesting if virtual exposure theory decreases symptoms of arachnophobia is an example of a) basic research b) applied researchb) applied researchA major area of applied research is program evaluation. What does program evaluation entail?Testing the efficacy of social reforms and innovations that occur in govt, education, justice systems, health care, etc.True or false. There is no connection between basic and applied researchFalse. Progress in science is dependent on a synergy between basic and applied research Example: Applied research on expert testimony in jury trials is guided by basic research in perception and cognitionWhy can research not always be directly relevant to practical and applied issueswe can never predict the ultimate implications of basic researchGive of example of an instance in which the ultimate applications of basic research were not predictedSkinner box