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Abraham Maslow provides us with a hierarchy of needs. He argued that an individual's behavior is influenced by these five categories of needs.
1. Physiological Needs: The first and foremost need that must be satisfied is physiological needs which involve basic needs. Examples of physiological needs are food, water, breathing, rest, warmth, etc. In today's modern world, a huge proportion of the population is unable to satisfy these basic needs as well. People do have other needs in life, but this cannot be ignored, it is basic for a person's survival.
2. Safety: This is the second-most need according to Maslow's hierarchy of needs. In order to survive, or feed himself/herself or his/her family, a person needs to have a stable job or job security. For example, in April 2020, the unemployment rate measured at an all-time high in India. This led to so many people finding it extremely difficult to meet ends, or survive.
3. Love and belonging needs: This is the third-most need according to Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Once a person has basic needs, he/she needs friends and a companion to share life with. Today we can see that the absence of this during the lockdown due to Covid 19, led to isolation, depression, and loneliness in a person.
4. Esteem Needs: This is the fourth need according to Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Every person dreams to achieve something in their lives, something that gives them self-esteem, respect in society, and wants the feeling of accomplishment.
5. Self-actualization: Last but not least lies the self-actualization needs of a person. By this Maslow means, the need to engage in self-fulfilling activities, achieve our full potential, etc.