Youth & the law

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The Charter of rights and freedoms was enacted in
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Terms in this set (40)
General deterrence is not an effective tool in reducing youth crime as young persons, in general, are not aware of the laws.
Specific deterrence for youth who are given longer and harsher sentences in the form of custody generally are more likely to re-offend upon their release
Some youth who are aware of the costs of being caught have the attitude that they are not going to get caught and are therefore not affected by the concept of deterrence
=> None of the above
which of the following is false in a strict deterrence-based system?There would be no mandatory sentences_____ claims that deviance and conformity results not so much from what people do but from how others respond to those actions, it highlights social responses to crime and deviance. Deviant behaviour is therefore socially constructedlabeling theorySection 12 of the charter deals withcruel and unusual punishmentwhich of the following is false when looking at youth court stats?most cases involve serious violent offencessection _____ deals with equality rights1556% of youth accused of crime in 2018 were not charged by policetruecrime rate statistics are calculated on the basis of _____100,000while overall crime statistics are based on the number of criminal incidents reported by police (regardless of whether or not an accused was identified), measures of police-reported youth crime are based on the number of youth, aged 12-17, accused in a criminal incident by policetruebetween 2011 and 2021 the rate of youth accused of crime fell 60% and the youth CSI (YCSI) fell 50%truewhich of the following relating to crime reports is false?UCRs are comprised of police-reported and unreported crimeThe Young Offenders Act (YOA) was very detailed and included regulations dealing with arrest, questioning, diversion, access to counsel, sentencing and transfer to adult courttrueThe concept of "Moral Panic" could be said to have been a factor in the Young Offenders Act (YOA) being abolishedtrueIt is fair to say that during the beginning of the YOA since more legal process was in place matters took longer to resolve than during the JDAtrueThe right not to be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment is found in ____ of the Charters. 12The maximum sentence for a youth who was maintained in the youth system in the original version of the Young Offenders Act (YOA) was3 yearsPost 1900 reforms began to improve the lives of youth with a better understanding of nature and significance of youth behaviourtrueWhich of the following statements is FALSE when looking at the Juvenile Delinquency Act?Age category varied from province to province There were no fixed terms for custody Although unintentional, tended to discriminate against youth in poverty NONE OF THE ABOVEThe Charter of Rights and Freedoms had no impact on the creation of the Young Offenders ActFALSEIt is fair to say that the public was dissatisfied with the YOA mainly due to its perception of the Act being too lenient on offenderstrueWhich of the following Charter sections deals with innocence until proven guilty?s. 11(d)Which of the following statements relating to the YOA is FALSE?Abolished the indeterminate sentences of the JDA Introduced fixed sentences Had more lawyers representing youth at court NONE OF THE ABOVEPrior to the 1900's youth were subjected to harsh discipline by parents and employerswith exception of upper-class childrentrueWhich of the following is true when looking at the Juvenile Delinquency Act (JDA)?A youth could spend an indefinite amount of time in custody up to the age of 21The Young Offenders Act (YOA) came into force in1984Which of the following statements relating to the Young Offenders Act (YOA) is FALSE?Continued to maintain age differences between provinces for criminal responsibilityIn the 1960s with more judges and lawyers appearing in youth court the lack of legal rights for youth was being challengedtrueUnder the Juvenile Delinquents Act (JDA) children were designated as"misguided and misdirected"The right to not be subjected to arbitrary detention is found in the Charter section9The right to know what offence you are being charged with is under ___ of the Charters.11(a)The right to counsel is found in the Charter ....s.10(b)