Most definitions adapted or taken from https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/glossary
Terms in this set (65)
The idea the artist uses as inspiration or that she want to share. The starting point.
The use of materials and forms in a skillful way to create the physical work.
The effect of the art on the audience, both in terms of each individual and the community.
Describing a work that uses different types of materials.
Describing the media for a work where the artist collected materials that have a previous use.
Art that emphasizes actions by the artist(s) done in a presentation for an audience.
Describes forms that do not represent reality or nature
The part of an artwork that appears the farthest away
A cloth used as the surface for painting
objects made of clay and hardened by heat, like vases
Technique of combining fragments of paper and other materials
the arrangement or organization of the individual elements in a work of art
A person whose job it is to research and manage a collection and organize exhibitions.
A work of two dimensional art on paper, made with a pencil, pen, crayon, charcoal, etc.
The area of an image closest to the viewer.
the shape or structure of an object
A category of artistic practice having a particular form, content, or technique.
A particular gradient of a color considering how dark/light it is.
A form of art where the location or environment are part of the artistic expression.
A 3-dimension work of art that moves.
A piece of art with natural scenery as the primary focus.
An element or substance out of which something can be made or composed
The materials used to create a work of art, and the categorization of art based on the materials used (example: oil on canvas, or Bronze)
The state of mind or impression created in the art
A repeating element in an artistic expression
A large painting applied to a wall, especially in public space.
The guiding spirit thought to inspire artists, a source of genius or inspiration.
A work of art made from paint applied to canvas, wood, paper, or another support
An unbroken view of an entire surrounding area.
Soft and delicate colors, OR A drawing medium of dried paste crayons, OR a picture created with this medium.
A series of events, objects, or compositional elements that repeat in a predictable manner.
A technique used to depict three-dimensional figures in two-dimensional space.
All visual arts, as differentiated from non-visual arts (like literature, poetry, or music).
A representation of a particular individual.
The way a human figure is positioned.
A side view, usually referring to that of a human head.
Refers to the harmonious relation of parts to each other or the whole in the composition.
The ratio between the size of an object and its model of representation.
A three-dimensional work of art made by a variety of means such as wood, stone, metal, clay, etc.
A representation of oneself made by oneself.
A representation of inanimate objects, as a painting of a bowl of fruit.
A distinctive or characteristic manner of expression.
To make changes in a representation so that it conforms to a particular style.
What is represented by the work of art.
A form or sign that represents something else.
Produced or made artificially by combining elements (not created by nature).
The method used by an artist in using their skills to achieve a finished product.
A paint composed of pigment mixed in water; OR a work of art made with this paint.
A process of joining two pieces of metal together by heating the surfaces to the point of melting and then pressing them together.
Copper and tin mixed together, a typical material for sculpture.
A soft stone often used in traditional sculpture.
The feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface or a substance (for example: rough, smooth, reflective, uneven)
A flexible material made from fibers, such as fabrics or cloth; a common artistic medium.
An artist's written description of their work usually placed next to the work in a gallery. The purpose is to inform the viewer about the concept behind the piece.
The lines, shapes or textures created by putting paint or other materials on a surface with a paint brush (frequently described to analyze a painter's style and technique).
Transparent paint made from pigment mixed with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.
oil on canvas
Common style of painting, applying pigmented drying oils to a piece of cloth.
Art produced around 1400-1600 in response to new scientific understandings about nature, individualism, and nostalgia for classical Rome and Greece, and religious themes.
Artistic movement from the 1700s characterized by complex forms, bold ornamentation, and realistic painting of everyday life.
Art movement peaking around 1800-1850 emphasizing bold emotions, the individual, history, and dramatic natural landscapes. (Ex: Francisco Goya)
Realism (also called naturalism)
Art movement beginning in 1850s focused on showing subjects as truthfully as possible and without imaginary decoration or exaggeration. (Ex: Edward Hopper)
Artistic movement begun in the late 1800s to contradict realism: it emphasized capturing a feeling or experience, the subconscious, and dreams. (Ex: Salvador Dalí)
Artistic movement begun in the late 1800s emphasizing color and movement with quick dashes of paint instead of clearly developed forms. (Ex: Monet)
Artistic movement started in the 1950s characterized by references to imagery and products from popular culture, media, and advertising. (Ex: Andy Warhol)
Artistic movement from the early 1900s abandoning single-perspective painting and emphasizing simple geometric shapes. (Ex: Picasso)