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Terms in this set (29)
partial or total loss of memory
Is he suffering some kind of amnesia, or sleep-boozing, or what?
1. n. 酒；酒宴，2. vi. 豪饮；痛饮
The doctors decide to check the man's pockets for hidden booze, then monitor him in an isolated hospital room for 24 hours.
What they eventually find, is that the guy has an over-abundance of brewer's yeast in his digestive system, and it's basically turning his guts into a fermentation vat, converting carbohydrate sugars into ethanol, and getting him sloshed.
As you've probably guessed by now, this story actually happened, back in 2010.
And in the end, the man's doctors diagnosed him with auto-brewery, or gut fermentation syndrome.
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major source of energy for the human body
When most people eat yeasty foods, the yeast passes right on through their body.
The Texan man's troubles seem to have started after he completed a hardcore round of antibiotics that wiped out his good gut bacteria, eliminating the competition and allowing yeasts and other fungi to take over.
So whenever he'd eat carbohydrates, the extra yeast in his digestive system would start fermenting those carbs into alcohol, which would end up in his bloodstream.
He was literally getting drunk on bread.
the act of flying
In fact, flight may be the reason bats are so resilient to infection.
reactive waste products
during the flight
So when our bat cousins took to the air, they leveled-up their in-flight DNA damage repair kits and other defenses, including specialized cells that keep viral invaders in check.
当蝙蝠飞向天空时，他们提升了 DNA 损伤修复和其他防御系统能力，以及提高抑制病毒入侵的细胞的能力。
keep in check
limit, control, restrict, restrain
excessively concerned with trifles or details; hard to please; fussy; particular; fastidious; persnickety
Nasty as they are, most viruses are also extremely finicky — in order to thrive, they require the perfectly controlled climate inside a normal, resting, on-the-ground mammal.
comfortable or cozily warm
Which, incidentally, means they can definitely weather a meager human fever.
1. adj. 贫乏的；瘦的，2. n. 兆
Essentially, flight may have helped bats gain virtual immunity to viruses AND trained viruses to be virtually immune to us.
So, what should we land-lubbers do?
1. adj. 粗笨的，笨拙的，2. n. 傻大个
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