Global Issues Environmental Issues Test
Terms in this set (55)
Land designated for use by the entire community.
Soviet nuclear power plant that suffered a meltdown in 1986.
A concept placing protection of the environment on equal ground with national security.
An ancient civilization between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers, now known as Iraq.
Naturalist who criticized London for its high levels of pollution.
A book that focused on the negative effects of pesticides.
Oil tanker that crashed off the coast of England in 1967.
Held in 1968; focused on the degradation of the environment from human activities.
UN Conference on the Human Environment
Held in 1972; aimed at international cooperation in environmental protections.
World Summit on Sustainable Development
Focused simultaneously on economic growth and environmental protections.
Green Belt Movement
Kenyan movement focusing on preventing further deforestation.
Rules for governing state and nonstate actors.
The large number and diversity of organisms on Earth.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Designed to establish an international regime to protect biodiversity.
Refers to the large economic divide between many Northern and Southern states.
Established to protect the price of whale oil.
Convention prohibiting trade in whale products.
Commission devoted to protecting dolphins, among other things.
Tropical area in central Africa.
The poorest state in Mexico
Cutting specific trees in order to promote forest sustainability.
Necessary elements of a stable society.
Process disrupting sustainable development.
Plan for National Integration
Brazil's efforts to encourage the development of the Amazon.
Nossa Natureza Program
Designed to reduce the destruction of the Amazon.
Brazilian environmental protection agency.
Gabon's Lope Reserve
Area in Gabon containing rich biodiversity.
Required in order to protect against deforestation.
Forest Stewardship Council
Group of environmentalists and lumber companies dedicated to protecting forests.
exclusive economic zones
Coastal waters exclusive to each state.
Law of the Sea Treaty
Recognizes state rights over territorial coastal waters.
FAO plan to reduce overcapacity in the fishing industry.
Oil tanker that spilled off the coast of Alaska.
The leading proponent of evolution theory.
A prevalent theory regarding the evolution of plant and animal species.
First international agreement aimed at reducing ocean pollution.
Limited the discharge amounts of land and sea pollutants.
Erupted in the Philippines in 1991.
Rise in Earth's temperature from greenhouse gases.
Established to study ozone depletion and the greenhouse effect.
Toxic rain caused by industrial activities.
Layer of atmosphere blocking UV radiation.
Synthetic products causing ozone depletion.
International agreement on reducing carbon dioxide emissions.
Trading of greenhouse gases to reduce climate change.
Chicago Climate Exchange
Attempts to decrease greenhouse gases through a market approach.
A lack of secure, uninterrupted, long-term availability of adequate clean freshwater.
Highly toxic defoliant used by the United States in the Vietnam War.
environmental security program
Pentagon environmental program.
South Pacific Nuclear Weapon Free Zone
Created in 1985 to reduce risk of nuclear contamination.
Addressed the danger of land mines.
The implementation of and compliance with environmental agreements are influenced by which four factors?
1. Nature of the substance or activities that are regulated.
2. The characteristics of the agreement.
3. Global environment.
4. Domestic factors.
What are the three main arguments about the connection between women and the environment?
1. Women are disproportionally disadvantages by the environmental problems.
2. Gender bias is an impediment to achieving sustainable development.
3. Women's participation is vital to efforts to achieve sustainable development.
10 facts of deforestation
1. Each year forests as large as Panama are lost.
2. In 100 years there could be no more rainforest.
3. We're losing an area of forest as large as 20 football fields every minute.
4. Agriculture is the main cause of deforestation.
5. Deforestation is speeding up global warming.
6. Deforestation is often accomplished through burning.
7. You cant replant an ecology.
8. More than half of the timber and paper in the world are used by 22% of the population.
9. Up to 28,000 species may go extinct due to deforestation in the next quarter century.
10. Without trees human life would not survive.
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