Semantics + Morphology Full
Terms in this set (31)
The study of the meaning of words, phrases and sentences.
same pronunciation, different meaning
(i.e. "flower" and "flour")
e.g. 'light' means 'not heavy' and 'illumination'
homograph or homonyms
same spelling, different meaning (i.e. "rose" the flower and "rose" the verb)
when the meaning of one form is included in the meaning of another
one word, several related meanings (i.e. "turn" in "turn over" and "take a turn")
The relatedness of meaning. Using one word to refer to other word (i.e. Bole/water, house/roof, king/crown)
opposite meaning (i.e. "light" and "dark")
words of expressions that have the same meaning in some or all contexts
(i.e. ugly &unattractive,
automibile & car, big & large)
two sentences with the same meaning
when two sentences cannot both be true
the entity that performs an action
the entity that undergoes an action/movement
what an agent uses in order to perform an action
The role of the entity that has a feeling, perception or state.
the starting point for a movement
the end point of a movement
the place where an action occurs
a connected series of utterances
what is implied by the use of a certain word or structure
use for humorous effect in rhymes and riddles.
Riddle: what has four legs, but only one foot?
Riddle: why are trees often mistaken for dogs?
When one word tend to occur with other words.
is the smallest part of a word that has a meaning.
a morpheme that only appears as part of a larger word (e.g., -struct-); cannot stand alone (must have a prefix or suffix to be a word).
a morpheme that can stand alone; often called a base word or root word (e.g., -port-, -kind-)
an additional element placed at the beginning or end of a root, stem, word, or in the body of a word, to modify its meaning.
(also called a root word) free morpheme; word with no prefixes or suffixes (e.g., -port-, -kind-)
affix placed before the root of a word (e.g., pre-, ab-)
affix placed after the root of a word; typically determines the part of speech (e.g., -ed, -ing, -ly, -less)
core meaning in a word; some are bound morphemes (e.g., -struct-), and some are free morphemes (e.g., -port-).
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