AP Human Geography Unit 1 Vocab
Terms in this set (45)
A map is a two dimensional or flat-scale model of Earth's surface, or a portion of it.
5 themes of geography
place, location, region, human-environment interaction, movement
the distinctive physical and human characteristics of a place
an area that displays a selected criteria-one or more distinctive characteristics
scale / map scale
level of detail and amount of area covered on a map
physical gap or interval between two objects
the way people, ideas, and objects move
study of map making
the errors found an a map after it is transferred from a sphere to a flat surface
geographic information science- the development and analysis of data about Earth acquired through satellite and other technological devices.
acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or other long distance methods
global positioning system- system that accurately determines the precise position of something on Earth
the name given to a place on Earth
physical character of a place
location of a place relative to other places
(parallels) arcs drawn parallel to the equator and at right angles to meridians
tropic of cancer and capricorn
(meridians) arcs drawn between the north and south poles
0º latitude (- 180º west or east)
greenwich mean time
0º longitude (- 180º north or south)
the way a human views a certain place. Every person's mental maps are different.
formal (union) region
an area in which everyone shares in common one or more characteristics
functional (nodal) region
an area organized around a node or focal point
vernacular (perceptual) region
an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
the combination of cultural, religious, and physical features that a region derives its unified character from
the frequency with which something occurs in space
extent of a feature's spread over space
geometric arrangement of objects in space
body of customary beliefs, material traits, and other social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people
force or process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope
operates all over the world, not only where its headquarters are located
land ordinance of 1785
the ones who created the township and range system
reduction in time it takes for something to reach another place
trailing off phenomenon diminishing contact with increase in distance
process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another
is a place from which an innovation originates
spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
hierarchal diffusion (expansion)
the spread of an idea through a hierarchy of people or places.
contagious diffusion (expansion)
The spread of something through contact, person to person.
stimulus diffusion (expansion)
The spread of an underlying idea, even when the actual idea does not diffuse.
people have unequal access to interaction due to unequal electronic services
increasing gap between economic conditions between regions in core/ periphery that result from globalization of economy.
study of human environment relationships
the belief that the physical environment caused social development
relationship between human activities and physical environment.