- Public -- meant to be read and get a response
- should focus on a specific topic, rather than a series of events
- It's important to have a clear point of view
- You can address your audience directly
- You can ask readers to respond to your ideas
- More formal register (but keep it personal nonetheless)
- Narrative-driven or thesis-driven
→ more informative/opinionated
- Should focus on reflection. Your opinions, reflections and feelings should be convened to your reader
- past tenses, time connectives, you can be quite chatty and informal, used descriptive details use thoughts/reflections
- When writing up conversations, use reported speech
- It is helpful if you include descriptive/ imaginative language. Need to include an author/photo, catchy headline/questions, links, URL, comment boxes,
- Your opinions should be based on evidence : facts and details
- Think about the type of mass audience and type of publication you're writing for
- Depending on the above, you can either use a formal (magazine) or a familiar style (school paper)
- If your review is to sound authentic you've to get the register right
- You can sound smart/cleaver and yet be quite formal in your language
- Review of films/books are written in the past tense
- Review of an event are written in the past tense
Structure of film review :
- thesis-driven : starts with an opinion and supports it
- grap the readers' attention with some information or question to connect them to the film
- Introduce them to the film (name of film, type of film, the stars, basic settings)
- Describe the plot and action in the present tense - do not reveal the ending
- Analyse the film, talk about director/actors, good things, bad things - consider the acting, direction, costume design, photography, music
- Recommend the film to your audience
Structure of a book review :
- Describe and evaluate the quality, meaning and significance of a book
- Don't retell the plot or spoil in the ending
Apply, comment, complain, explain, enquire, persuade, request.
Intro:title or name of person. Dear.... State purpose.
Paragraphs: PEE. Point Example Explanation.
Conclusion: thank reader.
A: How far do vocabulary and word choice suitable to the text type? Is the sentence structure clear and short enough to present idea? Is the wide lange vocabulary shown in the text by formal language?
B: Does information present in detail and clearly? Is story logically structured and flown in the text?
C: does the structure of writing text logically formed ? How effectively text is structured as letter form? Is formal writing kept in the text continuously? Signature, address, date, salutation, opening/closing, letterhead
- Formal Language, Avoid Idioms, use Literate Expressions
- Simple but precise words, understandable for everyone
- Written in Present Form
- No "I"
Introduction, explaining the purpose
List up points (If necessary, in order)
Conclusion / Final Statement / Additional Info
- Simple structure of ideas, easily understandable
- No evidence required
- Every point must be given detailed, no gray areas
- Simple Format - Easy to Overview
- Short, precise paragraphs
- Keep text clear of stylistic devices
=> Could cause confusion
- Structured, clean external look
- If necessary / helpful, include graphics for visual aid