Upgrade to remove ads
2.1 Creating Hyperlinks
* understand communications technology * create a link to a named section on the same page * create a link to other documents within the same web site * create a link to other Web sites on the Internet
Terms in this set (44)
text or graphics that, when clicked, displays another place on the same Web page, another Web page in the same site, or another Web site; text links are blue and underlined; enables information to be accessed in a non-linear manner
a link that displays another place on the same Web page
connects to another Web site
a standard for sending and receiving data over phone lines, cable, or by satellite; using a protocol sets one standard, and everyone benefits by following the rules for that standard
functions only on one hardware or software platform; it is much more difficult to send and receive data because one company's standards would probably be incompatible with another's
What does HTTP stand for?
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
hypertext transfer protocol
establishes the standards for communications between file servers-- the computers that contain or direct information-- and client computers--includes desktop computers, laptop computers, and netbook computers
What does TCP/IP stand for?
Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol
What is TCP/IP used for?
to send small bursts of information called packets across communication lines. TCP ensures data is delivered correctly from the client computer to the server. IP moves packets of information from one computer to another.
What is an IP address?
An Internet address composed of a series of four numbers from 0 to 255 separated by periods. It is not easy to remember Web sites based on IP addresses.
domain name system
introduced to make the Web more user friendly; refers to Web sites by file server names rather than IP addresses
generally is a trademark or corporate name such as IBM or CNN
follows the domain name, a two- to four- letter abbreviation that groups domain names based on their category (.com, .net, .org, .edu, .mil, and .info)
What is another term for a suffix?
a suffix is also called a top-level domain name
What is a URL?
the Uniform Resource Locator; the complete address of a the Web site and page you are viewing
Identify the parts of the URL for a Web page with the following structure:
name of page?
domain name=generous donations
name of the page= index.htm
What are the two types of links?
link text or an image map, a single image that is divided into clickable areas that link to a different destination.
How can you ensure images will download as quickly as possible in the browser?
Use image-editing software such as Adobe Photoshop or Microsoft Expression Web BEFOREHAND to resize the original image; also, it is good coding practice to specify a width and height for an image in the image tag code, even though it is not required; it downloads the image and lays out the page content faster if you specify these dimensions, especially if you have many images on the page; it also makes it easier to resize an image later on
What potential problems do you face when resizing?
Loss of clarity, image may appear grainy or blurry; image editing software can be used to fix it
What does it mean to resample an image?
You can restore an image to its original clarity after the image has been resized.
What is the two step process to allow visitors to easily find what they are looking for?
(1) enter a code and a value for the id attribute
(2) enter code to link to the value of the id attribute
assigns a unique identifier to an element
What are links to ids known as?
anchor links or bookmark links
What should the value be for an id attribute?
a descriptive name based on the id's location, purpose, or surrounding text
Which types of links should you include?
links back to the top of the page, the next page, the previous page, and the home page
How do you create an id?
Ex. <p id="top">content</p>
an inline element that is used for links; must be inside the code for a block level element; represented by the letter a
How to create a link to an id on the same page
a way to access a resource on your computer or on the Internet; the hypertext reference attribute is used to access that resource
to link to an id, use the id's value as the value for the hypertext reference attribute; don't forget to include a flag character
<p><a href="#top">Back to Top</a></p>
the page where the link is included
the page that appears when the user clicks the link
When linking to a different page, what do you not put before the name of the link?
you don't need a flag character (a # symbol)
the pound symbol flag character-- serves as a reminder to insert the file name after the page has been created; the link will not work until an actual filename has been provided, but the links can be created as an aid in planning the overall design of the page
a series of links that appear horizontally across most or all of the screen, usually just below the logo or banner section at the top of the page; can also be created at the bottom of the page in the footer area
*These are constructed using the piping symbol (|) to separate one link from the next.
used to create a ScreenTip for links; it's not required but it improves the accessibility of your site; don't confuse this with the title element that appears in the browser title bar
In order to link to an ID on a separate page of your site, what do you have to do FIRST?
You must enter the code for all the ids beforehand in the appropriate places on the target pages.
What is the hypertext reference composed of when you are trying to link to an id on a different page?
(1) the target page
(2) the flag character
(3) the id name
The entire value will appear together without any spaces
When linking to an External Web Site, what is it very important that you include in the href attribute?
You must include the http:// protocol in the value of the href attribute; if you don't, your link won't work.
1. What is a protocol?
A standard for sending or receiving data over phone lines, cable, or by satellite
2. What protocol is used to access the World Wide Web?
Hypertext transfer protocol (http)
3. What does "URL: stand for?
Uniform Resource Locator; the complete web address of the site you are viewing
4. What XHTML element is used for links?
the anchor element (a)
5. What flag character is used when creating a link to an id?
the # character
6. What is a navigation bar?
A horizontal bar of links across the top or bottom of the page
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Creating Link - Tutorial #2- Study Guide
CIS 1350 Tutorial 2 Vocabulary
Dreamweaver Chapter 5 Study Guide
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Wichtige Redewendungen Deutsch - Italienisch
Der Corona Virus - COVID-19