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TV Prod review
Terms in this set (100)
Where does Media Composer store the project files for private projects?
In the logged on User's Documents folder
Which button in the select project dialogue box is used to navigate to the location of an external project?
The Folder Browse button
Name the four principal windows of the Avid interface
1. Composer window
3. Project window
4. Bin window
Which window serves as the central hub of your project?
The project window
What is a bin?
A container file that holds the assets in a project
How do you combine one open bin with another bin?
Click the tab at the top of the tool window and drag it on top of the window with which you want to combine it
What are two ways you create your own user profile?
Through settings in the project window, clicking "user profile" and "create user profile." Once you have created the profile - you can customize user settings for it and change between different users
Import User profile?
How do you save changes to a workspace?
1) Choose the workspace you want to customize 2) arrange, add, and remove windows on the desktop 3) choose WINDOWS > WORKSPACES > SAVE CURRENT
Which setting allows you to change the look of your interface?
Clock the settings pane in the project window and scroll through to find the INTERFACE setting
What is saved during an Autosave?
The Media Composer saves a copy of your bins
What is the difference between linking and importing media?
Importing is more time consuming than linking because it copies the media to Avid's standard media footage storage location instead of just linking it to the existing media files (where it stores masterclip information in the bin file while the media file is stored on a drive or card)
True or False: When linking media, you can remove the original source drive or camera containing the media and your media will remain online?
Where can you get additional AMA plug-ins?
Click the Marketplace menu > AMA plug-ins
What modifier key must you use when dragging clips to a bin to link rather than import?
Name two ways to load a clip in the source monitor
1. Double click the icon in the bin
2. Double click the thumbnail image
What function is associated with the space bar by default?
The play/pause button
What is the value of using the JKL keys to control playback?
They are used to shuttle through footage, play forward and backward at varying speeds. They are also nearly universal with NLE's today (the same in other apps)
Name the default keys for marking IN and OUT points
Mark IN: E and I
Mark OUT: O and R
How can you save your work?
The system auto-saves for you, but you can also manually save your work. You can either save a single bin (select bin > COMMAND+S) or all bins in a project (select project window > COMMAND+9 > COMMAND+S)
What is the principal goal of the rough cut?
To create a full assembly of the scene or video that focuses on story structure, with an understanding that there are plenty of details left to address
How can you view the audio waveforms of your source material?
Toggle at the bottom of the timeline, open the track panel (the small triangle next to the green timecode display), and proceed to click the waveform button in the track control panel
What is auto-patching? How does it work?
A setting that allows the user to automatically patch tracks based on track activation. If you disable the tracks in the record column to which the source tracks are currently patched, you can then enable desired tracks & the source tracks will auto jump to new enabled record tracks (patch)
How can you make waveforms more useful?
You can reduce or enlarge the size of the waveform without reducing the size of the track by selecting the track and pressing COMMAND + OPTION + K
With which editing function are you more likely to break sync? Splice-in, overwrite, lift, or extract? Why?
Splice-in because it ripples material int he sequence, which can break the sync (like any YELLOW function). This also applies to extract because it is the reverse action of splice-in
What are two ways you've learned about to ensure that you maintain sync when editing segments into the sequence?
1. Make sure to add, or remove, the same amount (duration) from all tracks that have to stay in sync
2. Enable all the tracks on which you need to maintain sync (sync lock?)
What do FF and RW do?
These fast forward and rewind buttons jump the position indicator through edit points. They respond to the active, enabled tracks by default
Describe the process of backtiming an edit
Mark IN and OUT on the sequence timeline and mark only and OUT in the source clip. It will insert the new media aligning the OUT points.
What is the difference between Lift and Extract? When might you use one or the other?
Lift - removes material from the timeline, leaving a filler in it's place (Red up arrow button). You would use it to maintain the rhythm of a sequence or synchronizing of picture and audio tracks (better for audio)
Extract - removes material from the timeline and closes the gap left by its removal (Yellow up arrow). You would use it to affect the length of the track and/or sequence (better for video)
What is a filler?
The empty space in a timeline. They are temporary and help with trimming and working with effects
What type of edit is performed by default when you drag a clip from the source monitor to the timeline?
Splice-in (It inserts material into the timeline)
Why do A and D appear identical (Lesson 4 Review image)? What type of edit is being performed?
These frames are adjacent to each other in the original footage and represents a difference in time of only 1/24 to 1/60 of a second (depending on frame rate). The edit is splicing into an existing segment
With the Smart Tool configured this way, what determines the active tool while working in the Timeline?
The location of the mouse pointer on the Timeline tracks will automatically switch to the appropriate tool.
Name two ways to add audio or video tracks to a sequence?
1. Right Click > New audio/video
2. COMMAND + Y or COMMAND + U
How can you enable solo on an audio track? What is the result?
The solo button is the S on the timeline track, and will play the audio on that track in isolation, silencing all other sounds
If the music is too loud, how can you lower the volume of just the music?
You adjust the gain by using the mini fader on the track or the audio mixer
Why is overwrite mode well-suited for editing audio?
Audio tracks often have gaps (that are not always visible) and overwrite will leave everything else in the timeline locked in place (essentially "covering" the gaps)
Why are audio waveforms useful to see while editing?
You can see beats and patterns that make changing audio levels quick and easy. White waveforms indicate that the sample rate of that audio is different from the designated sample rate of the project
Name one method or shortcut to adjust the clip gain in the timeline besides dragging the mini fader?
Clicking the icon, then up/down arrow keys to adjust the gain in .1 dB increments
What is Digital Audio Scrub (scrubbing)? How is it enabled?
It plays the digital audio samples associated with each frame as you move the position indicator through the sequence.
To enable, you hold SHIFT while dragging through the timeline. You can also use Caps Lock to toggle it on and off
Describe the steps to overwrite a segment to the timeline using drag and drop
Make sure the overwrite segment mode (red arrow) is activated in the smart tool and disable the splice setting by un-clicking the yellow arrow. You can then drag and drop segments and it will edit as an overwrite
How can you remove a shot from the sequence and leave a gap (filler)?
Select/mark the segment and use the LIFT move function (red) to remove the shot from that place while everything else in the sequence stays the same - creating a filler
What does the add edit button look like and do?
It allows you to divide segments in the sequence and looks like a sideways H looking thing
What does the Link Selection Toggle button look like and do?
It enables the function when you select a video segment, the system will automatically select its audio segments too. It looks like three boxes linked by three fork looking lines on the right of them
Why is the yellow segment mode often well suited for video, and the red for audio?
For video - you cant to shift the whole sequence so there are no fillers
For audio - you want to keep everything in sync and create fillers if you move segments
What is the danger of performing a Ripple Trim?
The system "ripples" all downstream material up to keep it together with the new duration of the segment you trimmed. The danger with this is losing sync
What are sync locks? How can you enable/disable them?
They lock the sync relationship between audio and video on any tracks for which they are enabled.
To enable, click the sync lock button on the specific track (to the right of the smart tool) or Master sync lock for all tracks
What is the shortcut for undo?
COMMAND + Z
What are match-frame edits? How can you remove them?
An edit point that is created by Add Edit is called a "match-frame edit."
To remove them, select tracks with the addEdits, mark IN and OUT points around the area (or none at all for the entire sequence)... Choose Timeline > Remove Match Frame Edits
What impact does Ripple Trim have on a track/sequence?
The rest of the sequence (either on the A or B side) will all shift with the Ripple Trim. This can risk losing sync, but there will not be any new fillers
What are the steps to remove a segment from the sequence using Lift/Overwrite segment mode? What is the result?
Enable the smart tool and Lift/Overwrite arrow button (red) while deselecting the extract/splice arrow button (yellow). In the Timeline, select the segment you want to remove and either move it or press "delete"
This should leave a filler
You try to remove an audio segment from the sequence using either the yellow or red segment mode arrows, but the first time you hit delete - the segment stays in place. The second time, it is removed as expected. Why?
If you had adjusted the clip gain on the audio segment, deleting the first time will delete the gain adjustment first. To remove the entire segment, you had to press delete a second time.
If you want to add multiple dissolves to a series of cut points using the Quick Transition dialogue box, how do you identify the cuts that will get the dissolves?
You add an IN point just before the cut that is the first to receive a dissolve transition and an OUT point just after the last cut that will receive a dissolve transition. Click the Quick Transition button and Apply to All Transitions (IN -> OUT)
What is a handle, and why is it important in the context of effects?
A handle is the source media beyond what is edited in to the sequence, or the unused portion of the master clip.
You need this for transition effects because the outgoing segment and the incoming segment will overlap for the duration of the transition, which cannot be set beyond the ends of the handles.
What must you do to ensure a Quick Transition is added only to a video cut point, and not an audio cut point?
Make sure the video tracks are enabled and deselect the audio tracks before adding the transition. You can also deselect it in the Quick Transition box
True or False: The Transition Corner display shows the first, middle, and last frames of the A-side and B-side of the transition
True or False: Dragging a transition from the Effect Palette onto an existing transition in the Timeline replaces the existing transition
True or False: To save an effect template, you drag the effect icon from the upper-left corner of the Effect Editor into the Effect Palette
Drag to a bin to save
What function must be enabled before dragging a transition effect in the timeline to change its duration or position?
Transition Manipulation Tool
How do you apply an effect to multiple segments?
Enter effect mode, select the segments in the timeline to which you want to add a segment effect (by marking IN and OUT points), and then double click the segment effect in the Effect Palette
Once a clip is stabilized, how can you compare the stabilized result with the original video?
Go to the effect editor and disable the stabilize effect by disabling the active parameters. The parameter's group settings are still retained, so they can be enabled again at any time
How do you "lock down" a shot with the Stabilize effect?
From the IMAGE category in the Effect Palette, drag the STABILIZE effect onto a segment in the timeline. Allow the effect to process as normal, but do not close the tracking tool window. In the tracking tool window, toggle off the steady glide button
When using Automatic Color Correction, what is the suggested order of HSL?
When using Automatic Color Correction, what is the suggested order of Curves?
Under what category is the Fluid Morph located in the Effect Palette?
Illusion FX (under the filters tab)
Is Fluid Morph a real time effect? What are two ways you can know this?
1. There is not green dot
2. There is a blue dot so you have to render it
What do the Enlarge and Reduce buttons do in the Effect Preview monitor?
Reduce - reduces the size of the viewing area in the Effect Preview Monitor, making it easier to work outside the boundaries of the visible frame
Enlarge - does the opposite (making the viewing area larger)
Using a resize effect, how can you scale a clip in the Effect Preview monitor but maintain the aspect ratio?
Once you apply the effect and enter effect mode, a white outline appears around the frame that allows you to directly manipulate the resize effect in the Effect preview monitor. The handle in the upper right of the view is used to maintain the aspect ratio when you check the fix aspect ratio box
How do you delete a keyframe?
Click and delete
How do you add an effect to a clip in the Timeline on top of an existing effect?
Place the position indicator over a segment that already has a segment effect applied.
Choose tools > effect palette to open it. Click on a category on the left side of the window. Hold down the OPTION key and apply the segment effect
What is the procedure of adding an effect on top of an existing effect called?
What are the two different methods you can use to view the effects inside of a nest?
Simple Nesting view - lets you travel down inside a nest (using step in and step out), and the video track monitor travels with you, allowing you to view the lower effects in isolation from the effects above them
Expanded Nesting view - lets you see the sequence and the nest contents simultaneously
What is the advantage of simple nesting?
It is useful for complex nests with numerous effects and/or video tracks because it enables you to "dive underneath" higher effects so that you can focus on the effects beneath
What is an advantage of expanded nesting?
It lets you see the sequence and nest contents simultaneously. It also allows you to listen to audio and access all material in the sequence before and after the effect nest you are working with
How do you change the order of effects within a nest?
Park on a clip that is autonested with effects. Drag an effect icon in the effect editor to change its position in the nest
What are three types of motion effects?
1. Freeze frames
2. Motion effects
3. Timewarp effects
How are freeze frames created?
a. They are generated from a source clip
Why is it important to set the freeze frame render type?
If the render type is not set correctly, you can end up with a lower-resolution result, visible flicker within what was supposed to be a frozen or softer image
How are motion effects created?
a. They are generated from a source clip
How many marks in total are required to create a fit to fill motion effect?
4 - two in the source and two in the timeline
What are four types of rendering methods for creating motion effects? When should you use each one?
1. Duplicated field - intended only for offline use
2. Both fields - good for shots without interfield motion, progressive video, and still shots
3. Interpolated field - for interlaced video containing motion
4. VTR style - creates very smooth motion effects without any reduction in detail
How do add a video track to the timeline? Why is this frequently necessary when adding titles?
You can either right click & go to New video track or go to select clip > new video track
This is frequently necessary because titles will often go on an upper track of video in order to keep the sequence organized
How do you open the Avid title tool?
Select CLIP > NEW TITLE and a new title dialogue box opens to select a titling application. Click the title tool (and persist?).
You can also go through TOOLS > TITLE TOOL APPLICATION
Which tool in the title tool allows you to add or select text and draw text boxes?
The arrow button
How do you create a drop shadow on your test?
In the drop shadow controls, click and drag the rounded rectangle slightly down and to the right. Click in the text field under the drop shadow controls and type the number for the shadow level
List the steps to revise a title
Move the position indicator to the title segment
Right click on the title segment and choose ADD/EDIT TITLE
If the dialogue box asks for marquee titling, click persist and NO
Make any changes in the test and alignment and close the title tool
In which menu can you find the export command?
FILE > OUTPUT > EXPORT TO FILE
Right click Record Monitor and choose OUTPUT
In which window can you change the codec used to export the video?
Click the OPTIONS button to open the export settings dialogue box where you can customize you export setting in FORMAT OPTIONS
Which option in the export settings window must be selected before you can access the Format Options?
Which Color Levels option should be used when exporting a video for playback on a computer?
Scale from Legal to Full Range
Your sequence contains audio, but the QuickTime movie you just exported does not. Which two Export settings could have caused this?
a. Use enabled tracks setting
e. Video and audio radio buttons
What is the difference between a QuickTime movie and a QuickTime Reference file?
QuickTime movie - the most common format for media that serves as a container to hold media
QuickTime Reference - an empty container file that holds no media of its own. Instead, it references the original media files used by media composer
What does "media offline" mean?
If media composer cannot find the corresponding media file on any drive, it flags the clip in the bin as "media offline"
Name three reasons media can be offline
1. The files were moved or renamed
2. The files were deleted, either intentionally or accidentally
3. The drive can be turned off or disconnected
Which function can be used to find media for a clip
d. Reveal File
True or False: The master clip in your bin contains the actual video and audio media
True or False: If you delete a master clip from the Media Tool, you will delete the media file
Some of your media is offline. Which is a good troubleshooting step?
c. Delete the database files
Name the function that is used to reconnect to linked media files, and where it is found in the interface
Click the bin with the files. Click the bin FAST menu and click SELECT OFFLINE ITEMS. Right click a selected item in the bin and choose RELINK. This function will let you reconnect to linked media files
Name the media database files (first 3 letters)
In which folder ("directory") are the media database files found? (name the full directory path)
Media Drive/Avid Media Files/ MXF/ 1...etc......
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