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Module 3 Quiz
Terms in this set (25)
The concept of "gerontocracy" refers to a society in which ________
the oldest people have the most wealth, power, and prestige.
According to Mead, children learn to take the role of the other as they model themselves on important people in their lives, such as parents. Mead referred to these people as _______
Based on the text's survey of the life course, you might conclude that _______
while we link life-course stages to biology, they are largely a social construction.
What effect did industrialization have on life expectancy in the United States and Western Europe?
Life expectancy went up.
The tragic case of Anna, the isolated girl who was studied by Kingsley Davis, shows that _______
without social experience, a child is incapable of thought or meaningful action.
A distinctive contribution of schooling to the process of socialization is _______
exposing the child to an impersonal, bureaucratic setting.
An inmate who loses the capacity for independent living is described as _______
Carol Gilligan extended Kohlberg's research, showing that ________
girls and boys typically assess situations as right and wrong using different standards.
Which is NOT a stage in Kubler-Ross's "Stages of Death"?
In the historical perspective, the importance of the mass media to the socialization process has _______
increased over time.
Erik H. Erikson's view of socialization states that _______
personality develops over the entire life course in patterned stages.
Mead claimed that the origin of the self is found in _______
Which theory, developed by the psychologist John B. Watson, claims that human behavior is not instinctive but learned within a social environment?
In the period of life called "middle adulthood," people typically experience _______
life circumstances becoming more or less set
Goffman's idea of the resocialization process includes ________
breaking down an old identity, then building up a new identity.
George Herbert Mead considered the self to be _______
the part of an individual's personality that is composed of self-awareness and self-image.
Based on the Harlows' research with rhesus monkeys and the case of Anna, the isolated child, one might reasonably conclude that _______
long0term social isolation leads to permanent developmental damage in both monkeys and humans
In a total institution, staff members _______
closely supervise all the daily life of inmates.
For Jean Piaget, at which stage of development do individuals first use language and other cultural symbols?
Based on what you have read in this chapter, you would correctly conclude that _______
society shapes how we think, feel, and act.
In Freud's model of personality, which element of the personality represents a person's efforts to balance the demands of society and innate pleasure-seeking drives?
When people model themselves after the members of peer groups they would like to join, they are engaging in a process that sociologists call _______
Applying Freud's thinking to a sociological analysis of personality development, you would conclude that _______
humans have basic, self-centered drives that must be controlled by learning the ways of society.
Mead used the concept "generalized other" to refer to _______
widespread cultural norms and values people take as their own.
In Freud's model of personality, what represents the presence of culture within the individual?
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