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Destination C1&C2- unit 10 The media
Vocabulary, phrasal verbs and idioms
Terms in this set (100)
to say that something is true or that someone has done something wrong or illegal, even though this has not been proved. "The defence alleges that Jones was beaten up while in police custody."
not clear or definite and, therefore, capable of being understood in more than one way. "The wording of the law is highly ambiguous."
to state firmly that something is true. He asserted his innocence.
saying what is true or what you think, even if this offends or upsets people. It was a frank answer to a blunt question.
boast - noun
a statement in which you proudly tell other people about what you or someone connected with you has done or can do, or about something you own, especially in order to make them admire you. For years, their boast was that they were the best club in Europe.
Boast - verb
to proudly tell other people about what you or someone connected with you has done or can do, or about something you own, especially in order to make them admire you. He is always boasting of his great sporting achievements.
an explanation that makes something clearer and easier to understand. Please contact us if you require clarification of any of these matters.
used in informal conversation rather than in writing or formal language. It's a colloquial expression.
to understand something. How could you possibly comprehend the difficulties of my situation?
to tell someone a secret or discuss your private feelings with them. I hope you know that you can always confide in me.
- to prove that something is true. The study confirms the findings of earlier research.
- to tell someone, usually by writing or telephoning, that something will definitely happen at the time or in the way that has been arranged. The date of the meeting is still to be confirmed.
- the general situation in which something happens, which helps to explain it. These events are meaningless outside their historical context.
- the words surrounding a particular word that help to give it its meaning. In this context, development means economic growth.
- to say that the opposite of what someone has said is true. He didn't dare contradict his parents.
- if one statement, piece of evidence, story, etc contradicts another, they disagree and cannot both be true. Her account of the accident contradicts that of the other driver.
- to communicate ideas or feelings indirectly. A good photograph can often convey far more than words.
- to give official information or a formal message to someone. Please, convey my appreciation to your President.
to announce officially that something is true or happening. Australia declared its support for the agreement.
to criticise someone or something severely in public. American trade policies have been denounced by some European governments.
to give information to people, especially information that was secret. Most of the people interviewed requested that their identity should not be disclosed.
to describe something in a way that makes it seem better, worse, larger, more important etc than it really is. Don't exaggerate! It wasn't that bad!
to praise someone in order to get something that you want, especially in a way that is not sincere. You are trying to flatter me, and it won't work.
the main idea or most important point of something that someone has written or said. I only got the gist of what he was saying.
hint - noun
- A useful suggestion or piece of advice. This leaflet is full of handy hints about safety in the home.
- Something that you say to show what you are thinking or feeling, without saying it directly. He seemed so relaxed and gave no hint that anything was wrong.
Hint - verb
to say what you are thinking or feeling in an indirect way. The Prime MInister hinted that the crisis could continue throughout the summer.
difficult or impossible to read. Clare's handwriting is completely illegible.
a slight idea or small piece of information that tells you that something might exist or be happening. The first inkling that something was wrong came on Wednesday.
- to say very firmly that something must happen or must be done. You must see a doctor immediately; I insist.
- to keep saying very firmly that something is true, even when other people will not believe you. The school insists that it is doing everything it can to cooperate.
special words and phrases that are only understood by people who do the same kind of work. This word usually shows that you dislike this type of language. Why do doctors use so much medical jargon in front of patients?
the literal meaning of a word is its most basic meaning. He is clearly not using the word dead in its literal sense.
mumble - verb
to say something in a way that is not loud or clear enough so that your words are difficult to understand. He mumbled something about not wanting to go to work.
Mumble - noun
the saying of something in a way that is not loud or clear enough so that your words are difficult to understand. He started to say something, but all I could hear was a quiet mumble.
murmur - verb
to say something in a very quiet voice. Frances murmures an apology as she left.
Murmur - noun
- something that is said in a very quiet voice. Let's go, he said in a low murmur.
- a quiet continuous sound. There was a low murmur of voices coming from the back of the room.
a document signed by many people that asks someone in authority to do something. More than 300 villagers have signed a petition against the building project.
a large notice in a public place, used for advertising something or carried in order to protest against or support something. The Minister was surrounded by placard-waving demonstrators.
to argue or complain about something that is not important. There is no point quibbling about the bill.
to complain or talk loudly and angrily for a long time, sometimes saying unreasonable things. Ned placed back and forth, ranting about some imagined injustice.
rant - noun
a long, loud and angry complaint about something. Dom was on a rant about the cost of eating out.
- To talk in an angry and uncontrolled way. The boss was raving about nobody doing any work.
- to speak or write in a very enthusiastic way about someone or something. The critics are raving about her performance.
important and directly connected to what is being discussed or considered. Once we have all the relevant information, we can make a decision.
scribble (/ˈskrɪbəl/) - verb
to write something quickly and carelessly. Tony scribbled the address on the back of the envelope.
- To make marks and drawings with no meaning. A child had scribbled on the book.
Scribble - noun
Untidy writing or something written in an untidy way. marks and drawings with no meaning. The address was written in a scribble so I found it hard to read.
slang - noun
words or expressions that are very informal and are not considered suitable for more formal situations. Some ... is used only by a particular group of people. I picked up a lot of army slang while I was doing my military service.
slang - adj
slang words or expressions are very informal and are not considered suitable for more formal situations. In some areas "scran" is a slang word for food.
Stumble - noun
a mistake while speaking. He read well, with only a few stumbles.
stumble (/ˈstʌmbəl/) - Verb
-to fall or almost fall while you are walking or running.
- to make a mistake when you are speaking. Children often stumble when reading aloud.
Stutter - noun
A problem in speaking that causes you to repeat some particular sounds more than you should. When I was small I spoke with a stutter.
stutter (/ˈstʌtər/) - verb
to repeat the sounds of words in an uncontrolled way when you speak because you are nervous or have a speech problem. Richard stuttered a reply and sat down, his face red.
-a small amount of money that you give to someone in addition to what you owe for a service.
- a useful suggestion. The booklet gives a lot of useful tips on flower arranging.
-a narrow or pointed end, especially of something long or thin.
- to say something. As soon as he 'd uttered the words he regretted them.
- to make a sound. She uttered a sound somewhere between joy and pain.
not clearly or fully explained. Not clear or complete. Some aspects of the law were somewhat vague and ill-defined.
anchor - noun
- someone who presents the news on a television or radio programme, especially the news. Diane Sawyer is co-anchor at ABC's Prime Time Live.
Anchor - verb
to prevent a boat from moving by dropping its anchor into the water.
- To present a television or radio programme, especially the news. The programme has been anchored by McDonald since 2005.
broadcast - verb
-to tell people something, especially something that you wanted to be a secret. You don't have to broadcast my news to the whole world.
-to send out messages or programmes to be received by radios or televisions. Broadcast something on something. The President's speech will be broadcast on all channels at 6.00 this evening.
Broadcast - noun
a programme that can be seen or heard on radio or television. A programme that is broadcast. Channel 5's main news broadcast is at 9 pm.
words printed near or on a picture that explain something about the picture. What does the caption beneath the photo say?
a journalist who writes a regular series of articles for a particular newspaper or magazine. She is a columnist for a Sunday newspaper.
a newspaper or television reporter, especially one who deals with a particular subject or area. And now, a special report from our political correspondent John Sergeant.
-news about something on television or radio or in the newspapers, sometimes used about the amount of attention that television, radio, and newspapers give to something or the way in which something is reported. Their coverage of the riot was criticised for ignoring its causes.
-information about a range of things, for example in a book or course of education. The course offers good coverage of the subject.
-someone who does not like something and states their opinion about it. Critics say the plan is short-sighted and dangerous.
-someone whose job is to write or broadcast their opinions about things such as books, films, or plays. Michael is the paper's literary critic.
a note at the bottom of a page that gives more detailed information about something on the page. There is more information on this in the footnote at the bottom.
someone who writes something for someone else whose name will appear on it as the writer. He didn't really write his autobiography himself, a ghostwriter did it.
a small book that gives information about a subject or instructions about how to use something. It's a very good handbook for those new to windsurfing.
a formal statement expressing the aims and plans of a group or organization, especially a political party. The Liberal Party has just published its latest manifesto.
someone who writes novels. Several politicians are also successful novelists.
a very thin book with a paper cover, usually given free to people. The nurse gave me a pamphlet about injections you need before going abroad.
prerecorded - adjective
prerecorded messages, music, television or radio programmes have been recorded so that they can be used later. The Prime Minister's announcement wasn't live - it was prerecorded.
someone whose job is to write articles in a newspaper or magazine giving their opinion about a new play, book, art exhibition etc. Most of the reviewers loved the exhibition.
the edge of a book where all the pages are fixed together. Don't bend the book back, you'll damage the spine.
a translation of what people are saying in a foreign language film or television programme, that appears at the bottom of the screen. Foreign films in Britain aren't usually dubbed; they have subtitles.
a separate part of a newspaper or magazine. I love reading the colour supplement that comes with the paper on a Sunday.
tabloid - adj
-relating to newspapers with fairly small pages mostly containing stories about famous people and not much serious news. I would hate to be a tabloid journalist.
Tabloid - noun
a newspaper with fairly small pages mostly containing stories about famous people and not much serious news. Never believe anything you read in a tabloid!
an advertisement for a film or television programme that shows a short part of that film or programme. Did you see the trailer for the new Will Smith movie?
to say something suddenly and without thinking about the effect it will have, usually because you are nervous or excited. She blurted out his name, then gasped as she realised what she had done.
-to become popular or fashionable. Sports drinks have caught on as consumers have become more health-conscious.
-to understand. He didn't catch on at first.
-become available to buy or see. The magazine comes out every Thursday.
-become easy to notice. These differences don't come out until you put the two groups in a room together.
-become known. He said it will all come out in court.
-be spoken, heard, or understood in a particular way. That came out wrong. Let me rephrase it.
come out with
to say something suddenly, usually something that surprises or shocks people. You never know what the children are going to come out with.
to stop talking because you have forgotten what you were going to say. I hope I don't dry up in the middle of my speech.
to make people understand something. We've got to get the message across more clearly.
if news gets around, a lot of people hear it. The rumours got around town very quickly, didn't they?
get through (to)
-be connected to a place by telephone. I tried calling him but I couldn't get through for some reason.
-make someone understand what you are trying to say. The teacher feels he is not getting through to come of the kids in his class.
to talk about something that is intended to be a secret. He knows more than he lets on.
to give someone something, for example, a message, that someone else has given you. When you've read his message, please pass it on.
explain an idea, belief, etc in a way that is easy to understand. Television ca be a useful way of putting across health messages.
-to write something on a piece of paper so that it will not be forgotten and can be looked at later. She set all these events down in her diary.
- to state officially how something should be done. These conditions were set down by the United Nations.
to make it difficult to hear what someone says by shouting while they are speaking. The Minister was shouted down as he tried to justify the government's decision.
to state your opinion firmly and publicly about something, especially in order to protest against or defend something. He had always spoken out in favour of women's rights.
to discuss a problem or a plan. I know you're still angry; let's talk it over tonight.
talk round to
-succeed in persuading someone to agree to something. I'm sure I can talk her round.
-discuss something in a general way and without dealing with the most important issues. We're just talking round the problem at the moment; let's try to come up with some concrete solutions.
used as a criticism of someone when they say things that they should not. Don't tell Jamie anything you want to remain secret, he's got a big mouth!
come clean (about sth.)
tell the truth about something that you have kept secret. You'd better come clean and tell Mum it was you who broke the flowerpot.
get/catch somebody's drift
understand the basic meaning. Doreen and I have been having some problems recently, If you catch my drift.
get something off your chest
talk to someone about something that has been worrying you, so that you feel better about it. It feels such a relief to have got this off my chest.
get the wrong end of the stick
to understand something completely wrongly. Don said he was going to France and I got the wrong end of the stick and thought he was moving there for ever.
give somebody your word
promise to do something. I give you my word I won't tell anyone.
hear something on/through the grapevine
the way in which information spreads quickly from one person to another through conversation. I heard through the grapevine you might be getting married soon.
keep somebody posted
to regularly give someone information about something that they are interested in, for example how a situation is changing or developing. Do please keep me posted about any developments.
keep something under your hat
keep something secret. Keep it under your hat, but we're thinking of buying a new house.
lay/put your cards on the table
tell people exactly what you are thinking or what you are intending to do. I'm going to lay my cards on the table and offer you an extra $1,000. But that's my final offer!
tell someone in authority about bad things that someone else has done because you want them to be punished. Toby, stop telling tales about your classmates.
to provide a lot of information, especially in an indirect way. What he said to Mandy speaks volumes about the way he treats his staff.
Sets found in the same folder
Destination C1&C2, Unit 12
Destination C1& C2, Unit 20
Destination C1& C2, Unit 14
Destination C1&C2 Unit 16
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