English Vocabulary

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Endorphinsnatural, opiate-like neurotransmitters linked to pain control and to pleasureAtopiagreek strangenessREMrapid eye movement : describes sleep in which vivid dreams typically occur; this type of sleep increases as the night progresses while stage 4 sleep decreasesAugmentto make larger, increaseRancid(adj.) stale, spoiledCoinmake coins; invent a word or phrase; N. coinage: word or phrase recently inventedSomersaultan acrobatic feat in which the feet roll over the head (either forward or backward) and returnIdealsA person or thing regarded as perfect.Uncoothill-mannered or impoliteIllustrateto make clear by examples or picturesVeto(v) to reject; (n) a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.Feng shuithe art and science of organizing living spaces in order to channel the life forces that exist in nature in favorable waysAuspiciousconducive to success; favorableCelestial(adj.) - relating to the sky or the heavensBuddingPromising; Developing; BurgeoningUntappednot yet exploited or usedNightmarishadj. frightening, terrifying, horribleLestconj. for fear thatAbject (adj)Describes a situation or condition: extremely bad, unpleasant, and degrading.Imbrogliocomplicated situation; an entanglementAbjure (v)To formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief.Unbeknownst [to]without the knowledge of (someone)Abnegate (v)The act or an instance of abnegating, or denying oneself some rights, conveniences, etc.Reverie(n.) a daydream; the condition of being lost in thoughtAbscond (v)To depart in a sudden and secret manner, especially to avoid capture and legal prosecution.Abstruse (adj)Hard to understand.Ascertainfind (something) out for certain; make sure ofArboreal (adj)Of or relating to or formed by trees.Substitutea good that can be used in place of another goodArrogate (v)Seize and take control without authority.Synergiseto combine strengths and benefit from working together as a teamDiscomfit (n)A feeling of unease or embarrassment; awkwardness.Platonicmarked by the absence of romance or physical attractionUmbrage (n.)Resentment, offence.SemanticsThe branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of words, their historical and psychological development, their connotations, and their relation to one another.Aberration (n)A state or condition markedly different from the norm.Syntaxthe rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given languageEquivocation (n)The use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoid committing oneself; prevarication.Idylliccharming in a rustic way; naturally peacefulFeckless (adj)Lacking initiative or strength of character; irresponsible.Fanaticalacting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotionMereticiousApparently attractive but having in reality no value or integrity.Fanaticone who is extremely devoted to a cause or ideaImperturbable (adj)Very calm, very hard to disturb or upset.Augury (n)A sign of what will happen in the future; an omen.Glib (adj)Of words or the person speaking them, fluent and voluble but insincere and shallow.Rarefy (v)To become less thin or less dense, or to make or become more refined.Accede (v)To yield to another's wish or opinion.Accretion (n)An increase by natural growth or addition.Adumbrate (v)To describe roughly or give the main points or summary of or outline.Anachronistic (adj)Chronologically misplaced.Amorphous (adj)Having no definite form or distinct shape.Antediluvian (adj)Of or relating to the period before the biblical flood. Very old, old-fashioned, or out of date; antiquated; primitive.Apocryphal (adj)Being of questionable authenticity, approbation.Approbation (n)Official approval.Ascetic (adj)Someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline.Docile(adj.) easily taught, led, or managed; obedientAssiduous (adj)Persistent, attentive, diligent.Atrophy (v)A decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse.Beguile (v)Influence by slyness.Blandishment (n)Flattery intended to persuade.Bilk (v)To obtain or withhold money from (someone) by deceit or without justification; cheat or defraud.Deleterious (adj)Harmful to living thingsDemagogue (n)A leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions.Enervating (adj)Causing weakness or debilitationEphemeral (adj)Anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day.Evanescent (adj)Tending to vanish like vapor.Florid (adj)Elaborately or excessively ornamented.Hackneyed (adj)Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse.Hedonist (n)Someone motivated by desires for sensual pleasures.Impetuous (adj)Characterized by undue haste and lack of thought.Impute (v)Attribute or credit.Carouse (v)Engage in boisterous, drunken merry making.Cavort (v)Jump or dance around excitedly. Informal; apply oneself enthusiastically to sexual or disreputable pursuits.Commensurate (adj)Corresponding in size or degree; in proportion.Compunction (n)A feeling of guilt or moral scruple that follows the doing of something bad.Concomitant (adj)Naturally accompanying or associated.Convivial (adj)Friendly, lively, and enjoyable. (of a person) cheerful and friendly; jovial.Corpulence (n)Bulkiness or largeness of body; fatness; portliness.Cupidity (n)Greed for money or possessions.Dearth (n)Scarcity or lack of something.Denigrate (v)To criticize unfairly; disparage.Diaphanous (adj)Especially of fabric. Light, delicate, and translucent.Didactic (adj)Intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive.Dirge (n)A lament for the dead, especially one forming part of a funeral rite.Disparate (adj)Essentially different in kind; not allowing comparison.Disrepute (n)The state of being held in low esteem by the public.Eclectic (adj)Selecting or choosing from various sources.Ebullient (adj)Overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spiritedEgregious (adj)Extraordinary in some bad way; glaring; flagrant.Emend (v)To free from faults or errors; correct.Emollient (adj)Having the power of softening or relaxing, as a medicinal substance; soothing, especially to the skin:Epistolarycontained in or carried on by letters:Espouseto make one's own; adopt or embrace, as a cause.Evinceto show clearly; make evident or manifest; prove.exigentrequiring immediate action or aid; urgent; pressing.Expiateto atone for; make amends or reparation for:Extraneousintroduced or coming from without; not belonging or proper to a thing; external; foreign:Extantin existence; still existing; not destroyed or lost:Expurgateto amend by removing words, passages, etc., deemed offensive or objectionable.Forbearancethe act of forbearing; a refraining from something.Garrulousexcessively talkative in a rambling, roundabout manner, especially about trivial matters.Gourmanda person who is fond of good eating, often indiscriminatingly and to excess.GrandiloquentGrandiloquentHaplessUnlucky; luckless; unfortunate.IdiosyncraticPeculiar to one person; highly individualizedImpingeto encroach; to trespassInane(adj.) silly, empty of meaning or valueInchoatenot fully formed; disorganizedInimicalhostile, unfriendlyInure(v.) to toughen, harden; to render used to something by long subjection or exposureIntimationan indirect suggestionInvectiveAn emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.Intransigentrefusing to compromise, irreconcilableIrreverencedisrespectLaconicbrief and to the pointlargessegenerosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributionslegerdemainsleight of hand; deceptionmaudlinexcessively sentimentalmawkish(adj.) excessively and objectionably sentimental; having a mildly sickening flavormendacious(adj.) given to lying or deception; untruemorass(n.) a patch of low, soft, wet ground; a swamp; a confusing situation in which one is entrapped, as in quicksandmoresfixed customs or manners; moral attitudesmunificentextremely generous, lavishmultifarioushaving great variety; numerous and diversenoisome(adj.) offensive or disgusting; foul-smelling; harmful or injuriousobduratestubborn; unyieldingobfuscatedeliberately make something difficult to understandobstreperousnoisy and difficult to controlostensiblestated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily soFleurona crescent-shaped piece of puff pastry used as a garnish ; decoration consisting of a carved flower or leaf motifAdversaryan enemy, opponentAdverse(adj) unfavorable, negative; working against, hostilePareidoliaThe tendency to perceive meaningful implication from meaningless stimuli, e.g., seeing images of animals or faces in clouds, the man in the moon, and hearing non-existent hidden messages on records played in reverse.Abrasive(adj.) causing irritation, harsh; grinding or wearing down; (n.) a substance used to smooth or polishVirtuebehavior showing high moral standardsViceimmoral or wicked behaviorThrongA large number of people gathered together; a crowdHeterochromiaa condition in which a person has irises of two different colorsPropagateReproduce, spread, increase, multiply, spread outVoodooa black religious cult practiced in the Caribbean and the southern US, combining elements of Roman Catholic ritual with traditional African magical and religious rites, and characterized by sorcery and spirit possession.Crudeconspicuously and tastelessly indecent, in a natural or raw state, not yet refinedTachyona hypothetical particle that can travel faster than light and thus move backward in time.Articulate(v.) To pronounce distinctly; to express well in words; to fit together into a system; (adj.) able to use language effectively; expressed clearly and forcefullyMonikera name or nicknameLethologicaThe inability to recall a precise word for something.SupererogationTo do more than is requiredLethonomiainability to recall namesAphasiaimpairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding).AnomiaLoss of the ability to name objects or retrieve names of peopleProfuse(adj.) very abundant; given or flowing freelySequentialForming or following a logical order or sequence.Seriala story given one part at a timeCunninghaving or showing skill in achieving one's ends by deceit or evasionEvadeto elude or avoid by cunning; to flee from a pursuerGratuitous(adj.) freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarrantedMeagerlacking in quantity or qualityCompulsioncompelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulseFeralwild, savageRender(v.) to cause to become; to perform; to deliver officially; to process, extractEpiphanyA moment of sudden revelation or insightnihilisma total rejection of established lawsultimatuma final proposal or statement of conditionsDour (adj)Idiosyncrasya peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identifysimulationan imitation of an event; a reproduction of an event that is similar to the actual eventsimulataneoushappening or existing at the same timeStatus quothe present stateReverenceprofound respectProfoundHaving great depth or seriousnessSurfeitan excessive amount of somethingpresageto foretell; indicate in advanceReprobate(n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel; (adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled; (v.) to disapprove of, condemnSemaphore(n.) a visual signal (Anne and Diana communicated with a ______ involving candles and window shades.)Prosewritten or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure.Scurrilous(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthedCoverthidden; undercoverCovetedgreedily desired or wished forBarbaricuncivilized; wild; crude; savageDiscourseconversationDiscorddisagreementSacriligeimproper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacredMutinydeliberate refusal to obey orders given by those in command, especially by sailorsPrejudiceA negative attitude toward an entire category of people, often an ethnic or racial minority.Discordant(adj.) disagreeable in sound, jarring; lacking in harmony, conflictingSavagefierce, violent, and uncontrolledIliad and OdysseyGreek epic poems attributed to Homer; defined relations of gods and humans that shaped Greek mythology.Hypnosisa social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occurPiracythe unauthorized use or reproduction of another's workCopyrightthe exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same.Patent(n.) exclusive rights over an invention; (v.) to arrange or obtain such rights; (adj.) plain, open to view; copyrightedDirectoratea section of a government department in charge of a particular activityQuasarAn enormously bright, distant galaxy with a giant black hole at its center; a known extragalactic object, starlike in appearance and having spectra with characteristically large redshifts, that are thought to be the most distant and most luminous objects in the universe.PulsarA rapidly spinning neutron star that emits rapid pulses of radiowaves and optical energyCometA loose collection of ice and dust that orbits the sun, typically in a long, narrow orbit. These sometimes have tails that glow.ExcommunicationThe taking away of a person's right of membership in a Christian churchMeteora meteoroid that has entered the earth's atmosphere. ; a transient fiery streak in the sky produced by a meteoroid passing through the earth's atmosphere; a shooting star or bolide. ; any person or object that moves, progresses, becomes famous, etc., with spectacular speed.MeteoriteA meteoroid that passes through the atmosphere and hits Earth's surface without burning up completely.MeteoroidA chunk of rock or dust in spaceAsteroidAny of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and metal that move around the sun (mainly between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter)Oort cloud(astronomy) a hypothetical huge collection of comets orbiting the sun far beyond the orbit of PlutoKuiper beltA region of the solar system that is just beyond the orbit of Neptune and that contains small bodies made mostly of iceHawking radiationresults from a splitting of a virtual particle-antiparticle pair at the event horizon of a black hole.DiamagnetismA type of magnetism that causes a substance with no unpaired electrons to be weakly repelled from a magnetic field.MoleculeA group of atoms bonded togetherParamagnetisma type of induced magnetism, associated with unpaired electrons, that causes a substance to be attracted into the inducing magnetic fieldParticlea very small piece of somethingFerrimagnetism.A form of magnetism that results from the net difference of a mixture of opposed magnetic dipole particles in a natural magnet, such as a lodestone.AtomBasic unit of matterAnti-ferromagnetismA form of magnetism which occurs in materials which contain unpaired where interactions between those who wish to place it spins in the opposite direction are stronger than the interactions which attempt to put the spins are parallel.PlanetA large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce light of its ownSpina quantum mechanical property of electrons that may be thought of as clockwise or counterclockwiseSub-atomicsmaller than or occurring within an atomSub-atomic particlesprotons, neutrons, electronsEnsembleall the parts of a thing taken together, so that each part is considered only in relation to the whole. ; a set of furniture.ProtonA subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is found in the nucleus of an atomNeutronA subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in the nucleus of an atomElectronA subatomic particle that has a negative chargeOrbitThe path of an object as it revolves around another object in spaceLunarof or relating to the moon; resembling the moon; round or crescent-shaped.MartianPertaining to Mars, either the Roman god of war or the planet, (or indeed its hypothetical inhabitants)NeptunianPertaining to Neptune (the god or the planet) or the sea.Venusianrelating to or characteristic of the planet VenusDiphthongThe sound produced by combining two vowels in to a single syllable or running together the sounds.DigraphA union of two characters representing a single sound. [For example, the welsh letter ch]TrigraphA union of two characters representing a single sound. [For example, the eau in beauty]Cartographythe scienceand art of making maps and globesAcute accentthe accent, e.g. on French prés "meadows"Grave accentthe accent, e.g on Italian più "more" (traditionally seen in sheet music)CedillaA diacritical mark used in several languages, such as the ç in French.officiousmeddling; excessively forward in offering services or assuming authoritypalliateto reduce the severity ofPaucity(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearthCurmudgeon (n)A bad-tempered, difficult, cantankerous person.pejorative(adj.) tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittlingpellucidadmitting the passage of light; transparent or translucentpenuriouspenny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerouspert(adj.) high-spirited; lively; bold, saucy; jauntypernicioushaving a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle wayPertinacious(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or deniedphlegmaticcalm and unemotional in temperamentpithybrief and full of meaning and substance; conciseplauditstatement giving strong praiseportenta warning sign; omenpotentatemonarch or ruler with great powerpreclude(v.) to make impossible, prevent, shut outPreponderance (n)The fact or quality of being preponderant; superiority in weight, power, numbers, etc.ProclivityA tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition toward a particular thing.ProbityThe quality of having strong moral principles; honesty and decency.ProfligateCorrupt; wasteful; degenerateproteanadjective tending or able to change frequently or easily.Prurient (adj)Having or encouraging an excessive interest in sexual matters.Puerile (adj)Childishly, silly and trivial.Pugnacious (adj)Eager or quick to argue, quarrel, or fight.Pulchritude (n)Physical beauty; comeliness.Punctilious (adj)Strict or exact in the observance of the formalities or amenities of conduct or actions.Quixotic (adj)Exceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical.Recalcitrant (adj)Having an obstinately uncooperative attitude toward authority or discipline.Relegate (v)Consign or dismiss to an inferior rank or position.Sanctimonious (adj)Making a show of being morally superior to other people.Solicitous (adj)Characterized by or showing interest or concern.Solipsism (n)The view or theory that the self is all that can be known to exist.Spurious (adj)Not being what it purports to be; false or fake.Stolid (adj)Calm, dependable, and showing little emotion or animation.Surreptitious (adj)Kept secret, especially because it would not be approved of.Swarthy (adj)Dark-skinned.Tome (n)A book, especially a large, heavy, scholarly one.ToadyAn obsequious flatterer; sycophantTorpid (adj)Inactive or sluggishTrenchant (adj)Vigorous or incisive in expression or style. Having a sharp edge (of a weapon or tool).Trite (adj)Overused and consequently of little import (of a remark, opinion, or idea); lacking originality or freshness.Turpitude (n)Depravity; wickedness.Upbraid (v)To find fault with (someone); scold.Veracity (n)Conformity to facts; accuracy.Vicissitude (n)A change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.Virtuoso (n)A person highly skilled in music or another artistic pursuit.Vituperate (v)To blame or insult (someone) in strong or violent language.Winsome (adj)Attractive or appealing in appearance or character.Zephyr (n)A soft, gentle breeze, or the gentle west windTirade (n)A long, angry speech of criticism or accusationDiaeresis, dieresis, umlauta sign (¨) placed over the second of two vowels indicating separate pronunciation, as in naïve and coöperate (no longer widely used in English); umlaut: a mark (¨) used as a diacritic over a vowel, as ä, ö, ü, to indicate a vowel soundCircumflexto bend around or curve, consisting of, indicated by, or bearing the mark ^, ˘, or ~Petrichorthe pleasant, earthy smell after rainFlat-earthera person who adheres to the idea that the earth is flat; a person who clings to an idea or theory that has long been proved wrong.Neutron staran extremely dense, compact star composed primarily of neutrons, especially the collapsed core of a supernova.QuarkThe nuclear family of particles, found together in groups and pairs, that make up protons and neutrons, and in turn the nuclei of atoms; they are distinguished by their flavors, designated as up (u), down (d), strange (s), charm (c), bottom or beauty (b), and top or truth (t). Along with leptons, these are the matter particles.BaryonA hadron consisting of three quarksMesonA hadron consisting of a quark and an antiquark; Any unstable, elementary nuclear particle having a mass between that of an electron and that of a proton.Hadron(n) a subatomic particle of a type including the baryons and mesons that can take part in the strong interaction.Stellarlike a star; most important; outstandingPhonemein language, the smallest distinctive sound unitQuasi-(adj.) resembling but not actually being; seemingly but not actually or completelyObstinacythe quality or state of being obstinate; stubbornness.Pseudo-false, fake, deceiptiveLeptonFamily of particles [electrons, muons and tau particles, each has their associated neutrino] that experience no strong nuclear force. Along with quarks, these are the matter particles.Morphemein a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)Circumlocutorya roundabout or indirect way of speaking; the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.Bosonany particle with integer spin, including photons; bosons do not obey the Pauli exclusion principle; these include: [photons, gluons, z bosons, w bosons, higgs boson]Lexicona dictionary; a specialized vocabulary used in a particular field or placeGrawlixa sequence of typographical symbols used to represent a non-specific, profane word or phraseAmanuensisa person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another; secretary.Burgeonto grow or develop quickly; flourish:Objectificationthe action of degrading someone to the status of a mere object.Modicuma moderate or small amount:Tinnylacking in timbre or resonance; sounding thin or twangy:Acuitysharpness; acuteness; keennessEnamoredto fill or inflame with love (usually used in the passive and followed by of or sometimes with ):Wendingto pursue or direct (one's way).Scourge(v.) To whip, punish severely; (n.) A cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticismEquivocalAmbiguous; intentionally misleadingEarnestintense, a sincere state of mindMalapropismthe unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similarSolsticeEither of the two times of the year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equatorEquinoxEach of the two times of the year when days and nights are of equal length (Spring and Autumn)CongruentHaving the same size and shapeWallflowerA shy person who stands alone near the wall at social eventsHaploid(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomesDiploid(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid numberExaltto glorify, to praise, to raise in rankTactskill in dealing with people in difficult situationsLapseto slide, fall, sagFacetious (adj)Treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humour; flippant.Deign (v)To do something that one considers to be beneath one's dignity.Diatribe (n)A forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something.Nefarious (adj)Typically of an action or activity, wicked or criminal.Oeuvre (n)The works of a painter, composer, or author regarded collectively.Toteman animal or other natural object that serves as a symbol of the unity of clans or other groups of peopleSordid(adj.) wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfishSynapsethe junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuronForlorn(adj.) totally abandoned and helpless; sad and lonely; wretched or pitiful; almost hopelessSubsist(v.) to have existence; to remain alive, manage to make a living or maintain life; to persist or continueKitschArt or writing of a pretentious but shallow nature.Comprehensivecovering or including everythingBrummagem (adj)Showy but inferior and worthless.Cortexoutermost covering of the brain consisting of densely packed neurons, responsible for higher thought processes and interpretation of sensory inputWhimsical(adj.) subject to odd ideas, notions, or fancies; playful; unpredictableIgnominiousdeserving or causing public disgrace or shameComplexa system of interrelated, emotion-charged ideas, feelings, memories, and impulses that is usually repressed and that gives rise to abnormal or pathological behavior.LarkA carefree adventureVermisConnects the two hemispheres of the cerebellumGambolto frolic; to romp about playfullyVenuleAny of the minute veins connecting the capillaries with the larger systemic veinsGenial(adj.) cordial, pleasantly cheerful or warmCogenial (adj)Agreeable, suitable, or pleasing in nature or character.Gregariousoutgoing; sociablePaunchyhaving a large and protruding belly; potbelliedHanker(v.) to long (for), to desireRapacity(n.) inordinate greed; the disposition to obtain one's desires by force, extortion, or plunderMammonismthe greedy pursuit of riches; obtaining wealth in an uncouth, unfair wayCovetousnessextreme greed for material wealthChiffon (n)A sheer fabric of silk, nylon, or rayon in plain weave.Gossamer(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; (n.) a very thin, light clothPolemican aggressive argument against a specific opinionEdify (v)To instruct or benefit, especially morally or spiritually; uplift.Threnodya funeral songGruffstern, surly; hoarse; brusquely rudeSurly(adj.) angry and bad-tempered; rudeAustere (adj)Severe in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; forbidding.Sullen(adj) silent or brooding because of ill humor, anger, or resentment; slow moving, sluggish.Stonyshowing unfeeling resistance to tender feelingsFlippant(adj.) lacking in seriousness; disrespectful, saucySardonicgrimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcasticJocularhumorous, jesting, jolly, jokingAugur (n)Soothsayer; prophet.Fulminationan expression of vehement protestHaranguea long, strongly expressed speech or lectureDoyen (n)The senior member, as in age, rank, or experience, of a group, class, profession, etc.Revilecriticize in an abusive or angrily insulting mannerIniquitousshowing a lack of fairness; wicked; viciousInculcateto impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestlyFestn assembly of people engaged in a common activity (often used in combination)Esoteric(adj.) intended for or understood by only a select few, private, secretOpinesto hold or express an opinion.Blotto (adj)Very drunk; so drunk as to be unconscious or not know what one is doing.Armamentarium (n)The aggregate of equipment, methods, and techniques available to one for carrying out one's duties:Pejorative(adj.) tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittlingCacophony (n)Harsh discordance of sound; dissonance.Ostentatious(adj.) marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showyIridescentshowing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different anglesVeinA blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart.ArteryA blood vessel that carries blood away from the heartEmulateto imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the modelSimulateto make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs ofEludeto escape notice; to get away from syn: avoid; evade; lose ant: attractImperialof or relating to an empire or an emperorEmpiricalbased on practical experience rather than theoryNovellaA prose fiction longer than a short story but shorter than a novelAlludeto hint at, to refer to indirectly syn: suggest; imply ant: exposeEncounterA brief or an unexpected meetingConfront(v.) to meet face-to-face, especially as a challenge; come to grips withSchematicA map of an electronic circuit. It uses symbols to represent electrical components along the pathway.Fluxa state of continual change or movement syn: fluctuation; instability ant: stability; solidityHomonidsPrimates more closely related to humans than to chimps. Capable of walking upright. Gave birth to new speciesIntrinsic(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or partBiomimicrylearning from ecosystems and adapting their characteristics to human and organizational situations.Grandeursplendor and impressiveness, especially of appearance or style.Spectaclea visually striking performance or display; an event or scene regarded in terms of its visual impactSplendourmagnificent and splendid appearance; grandeurParadoxA statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.Ferromagnetismmetal alloys that are attracted to magnets or are capable of being transformed into permanent magnets are called ferromagneticParadigm shiftA fundamental change in approach or underlying assumptions.Event horizonthe location around a black hole where the escape velocity equals the speed of light; the boundary around a black hole on and within which no matter or radiation can escape.Obnoxioushighly offensive, arousing strong dislikeIgnoramusan extremely ignorant person.Attestto bear witness to; affirm to be correct, true, or genuine.FrequencyThe number of complete waves that pass a given point in a certain amount of timeInfobesityA word synonymous with Information overload, a term used to describe the difficulty of understanding an issue and effectively making decisions when one has too much information about that issue.Intimate(v)to indicate or make known indirectly; hint; imply; suggest.Ubiquitouspresent, appearing, or found everywhereInveteratesettled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling, or the like:Jibeto shift from one side to the other when running before the wind, as a fore-and-aft sail or its boom.Largessegenerosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributionsLasciviousinclined to lustfulness; wanton; lewd:Lithe(adj.)bending readily; pliant; limber; supple; flexible:Magnanimousgenerous in forgiving an insult or injury; free from petty resentfulness or vindictiveness:Milieusurroundings, especially of a social or cultural nature:Militate(v)to have a substantial effect; weigh heavily upon:Misandryhatred of males.Mordantsharply caustic or sarcastic, as wit or a speaker; biting.Nascentbeginning to exist or develop:Obsequiouscharacterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning:Odiousdeserving or causing hatred; hateful; detestable.Ostensibleoutwardly appearing as such; professed; pretended:Paltryridiculously or insultingly small; utterly worthlessPantomimethe art or technique of conveying emotions, actions, feelings, etc., by gestures without speech.Parlancea way or manner of speaking; vernacular; idiom:Parochialismexcessive narrowness of interests or viewPenultimatenext to the lastPenuryextreme poverty; destitution.Perigeethe point in the orbit of a heavenly body, especially the moon, or of an artificial satellite at which it is nearest to the earth.Plenipotentiarya person, especially a diplomatic agent, invested with full power or authority to transact business on behalf of another.Portenta sign or forewarning, omen, warning, portentous adj. momentous, having great significancePortmanteaua case or bag to carry clothing in while traveling, especially a leather trunk or suitcase that opens into two halves.Potentatea person who possesses great power, as a sovereign, monarch, or ruler.Prescient (adj.)having prescience, or knowledge of things or events before they exist or happen; having foresight:Propensitya natural inclination or tendency:Pugilista person who fights with the fists; a boxer, usually a professional.Rappel(in mountaineering) the act or method of moving down a steep incline or past an overhang by means of a double rope secured above and placed around the body, usually under the left thigh and over the right shoulder, and paid out gradually in the descent.Rectituderightness of principle or conduct; moral virtue:Ruminationto chew the cud, as a ruminant; to meditate or muse; ponder.Seditionincitement of discontent or rebellion against a government.Surceaseto cease from some action; desist.Syncretismthe attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles, practices, or parties, as in philosophy or religion.Kafkaesquesurreal; bizarre in the style of Franz KafkaTautologicalneedless repetition of an idea, especially in words other than those of the immediate context, without imparting additional force or clearness, as in "widow woman."Surrealhaving the disorienting, hallucinatory quality of a dream; unreal; fantastic:Facade (or façade)a deceptive outward appearance; a misrepresentationTenetsany opinion, principle, doctrine, dogma, etc., especially one held as true by members of a profession, group, or movement.Foistedto force upon or impose fraudulently or unjustifiablyTotemica natural object or an animate being, as an animal or bird, assumed as the emblem of a clan, family, or group.Contretempsan inopportune occurrence; an embarrassing mischance:Legateesa person to whom a legacy is bequeathed.Ferretto search about.Malfeasancethe performance by a public official of an act that is legally unjustified, harmful, or contrary to law;Ubique (adv.)everywherePietiesreverence for God or devout fulfillment of religious obligations:Vacillateto waver in mind or opinion; be indecisive or irresolute:Platitudea flat, dull, or trite remark, especially one uttered as if it were fresh or profound.Veritiesthe state or quality of being true; accordance with fact or reality:Euphemisma mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.Foiblea minor weakness or failing of character; slight flaw or defect: an all-too-human foible. ; the weaker part of a sword blade, between the middle and the point (opposed to forte).Venalwilling to sell one's influence, especially in return for a bribe; open to bribery; mercenary:Verbotenforbidden, as by law; prohibited.Bluenosesa puritanical person; prude.Obfuscateto confuse, bewilder, or stupefy.Capaciouscapable of holding much; spacious or roomy:Demur(v)to make objection, especially on the grounds of scruples; take exception; object:Derisionridicule; mockery:Gnomicof, relating to, or resembling a gnome.Interregnumany period during which a state has no ruler or only a temporary executive.Unbridlednot controlled or restrained:Capricioussubject to, led by, or indicative of a sudden, odd notion or unpredictable change; erratic:Nonplussedto render utterly perplexed; puzzle completely.Valencethe capacity of one person or thing to react with or affect another in some special way, as by attraction or the facilitation of a function or activity.Denizenan inhabitant; resident.Inveteratelydeep rooted; habituallyDeaden(v.) make less lively, intense, or vigorous (syn.) petrify, dampen, blunt, dehydrate, desiccate, enervate (ant.) refreshing, invigorateOgle (v)to look at amorously, flirtatiously, or impertinently.Impetuouslyof, relating to, or characterized by sudden or rash action, emotion, etc.; impulsive:Precipicea cliff with a vertical, nearly vertical, or overhanging face.Allocutiona formal speech, especially one of an incontrovertible or hortatory nature.Androgynoushaving both masculine and feminine characteristics.Animusstrong dislike or enmity; hostile attitude; animosity.AsceticBoffinsa scientist or technical expert.bête noirea person or thing especially disliked or dreaded; bane; bugbear.Cantankerousdisagreeable to deal with; contentious; peevish:Convalesceto recover health and strength after illness; make progress toward recovery of health.Emolumentprofit, salary, or fees from office or employment; compensation for services:Eschatologicalany system of doctrines concerning last, or final, matters, as death, the Judgment, the future state, etc.Fatuitouscomplacently stupid; foolish.Corroborateto make more certain; confirm:Fractiousrefractory or unruly:Gentrificationthe process of conforming to an upper- or middle-class lifestyle, or of making a product, activity, etc., appealing to those with more affluent tastes:Coterminoushaving the same border or covering the same area.Harlota prostitute; *****.Incipientbeginning to exist or appear; in an initial stage:Cri de coeuran anguished cry of distress or indignation; outcry.Indeliblethat cannot be eliminated, forgotten, changed, or the like:Ingratiateto establish (oneself or someone else) in the favor or good graces of someone, especially by deliberate effort (usually followed by with ):BelligerentHostile and aggressive.DebrisScattered pieces of waste or remains.Deignedto think fit or in accordance with one's dignity; condescend:Denouementthe final resolution of the intricacies of a plot, as of a drama or novel.HomogeneousOf the same kind; alike.EstrangedNo longer close or affectionate to someone; alienated.StagnantHaving no current or flow and often having an unpleasant smell as a consequence.PessimisticTending to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen.Visceralinstinctive; relating to the internal organsObituarya notice of someone's death, such as in a newspaper, usually with a brief summary of that person's lifeArbitrary(adj.) unreasonable; based on one's wishes or whims without regard for reason or fairnessdeviate(v.) to turn aside; to stray from a norm; (n.) one who departs from a norm; (adj.) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional.In absentiawhile not present at the event being referred to : e.g. : "He was sentenced in absentia by the court."Vacantempty; unoccupied; tenantless; not being usedChieflyadv. the most important or most common syn. mostlyUtopiaan imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfectAccrue(v.) to grow or accumulate over time; to happen as a natural resultResourceful(adj.) able to deal promptly and effectively with all sorts of problems; clever in finding ways and means of getting alongWane(v.) to lose size, strength, or powerWax(v.) - to increase gradually in size or degreeVernacularthe language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region.Gallantbrave and nobleSchismdivision or disunion, especially into mutually opposed parties.Pact(n.) an agreement, treatyDystopiaa society characterized by human misery, as squalor, oppression, disease, and overcrowding.Myopianearsightedness; lack of foresightSoundadj) following in a systematic pattern without any apparent defect in logic; noun) the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of hearing by vibrations transmitted through the air or other medium.LegacyAn inheritance; something handed down from an ancestor or from the pastCohesivesticking or holding together; unifiedPerplexedcompletely baffled; very puzzledVerbatimword for word; exactly as written or spokenMetacognitionawareness and understanding of one's own thought processes.Coherent(adj.) making a logical whole; comprehensible, meaningful; logically connected and consistentEthicsMoral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity.Synthesiscombining parts into a wholeMetapertaining to or noting a story, conversation, character, etc., that consciously references or comments upon its own subject or features, often in the form of parodyDidacticIntended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive.DisparageRegard or represent as being of little worth.Harmoniseto cause (two or more things) to be combined or to go together in a pleasing or effective wayIndignantFeeling or showing anger or annoyance at what is perceived as unfair treatment.Coalesceto blend; to merge/uniteCoaxPersuade (someone) gradually or by flattery to do something.FallacyA mistaken belief, especially one based on unsound argument.Compliment(n.) an expression of esteem or approval (I blushed crimson when Emma gave me a compliment on my new haircut.)SlanderThe action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person's reputation.Complementa thing that completes or brings to perfectionFrolicPlay and move about cheerfully, excitedly, or energetically.EmbedFix (an object) firmly and deeply in a surrounding mass.VacuousHaving or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless.IconoclastA person who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions.circumnavigateto sail completely around the worldDeterDiscourage (someone) from doing something, typically by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.AmbiguousOpen to more than one interpretation; having a double meaning.FeignPretend to be affected by (a feeling, state, or injury).SurmiseSuppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.PilferSteal (typically things of relatively little value).MonotonyLack of variety and interest; tedious repetition and routine.RespiteA short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant.QuaffDrink (something, especially an alcoholic drink) heartily.DecorumBehavior in keeping with good taste and propriety.CalamityAn event causing great and often sudden damage or distress; a disaster.ArduousInvolving or requiring strenuous effort; difficult and tiring.Sublimeof such excellence, grandeur, or beauty as to inspire great admiration or aweDivulge(v.) to tell, reveal; to make publicInsidiousProceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects.InfallibleIncapable of making mistakes or being wrong.PosterityAll future generations of people.VigilantKeeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.InfamousWell known for some bad quality or deed.MeanderFollow a winding course.InnateInborn; natural.BenignGentle; kindly.farragoa confused mixtureAdulationObsequious flattery; excessive admiration or praise.IntentIntention or purpose.AffectHave an effect on; make a difference to.ConspicuousAttracting notice or attention.DismalDepressing; dreary.EngrossAbsorb all the attention or interest of.ExasperationA feeling of intense irritation or annoyance.FalterStart to lose strength or momentum.FurtiveAttempting to avoid notice or attention, typically because of guilt or a belief that discovery would lead to trouble; secretive.HastenBe quick to do something.ImperiousAssuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering.ProbePhysically explore or examine with the hands or an instrument.EngulfEat or swallow (something) whole.SanctuaryA place of refuge or safety.CeaseBring or come to an end.FundamentalsA central or primary rule or principle on which something is based.SpitefulShowing or caused by malice.FetidSmelling extremely unpleasant.VentureA risky or daring journey or undertaking.RigorThe quality of being extremely thorough, exhaustive, or accurate.NoxiousHarmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant.InvasiveTending to intrude on a person's thoughts or privacy.AmeliorateMake (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.TangibleClear and definite; real.RecluseA person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people.ScoffSpeak to someone or about something in a scornfully derisive or mocking way.PacifyQuell the anger, agitation, or excitement of.FrugalSparing or economical with regard to money or food.Paragona model of excellence or perfectionCoagulateChange to a solid or semisolid state.DisdainThe feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one's consideration or respect; contempt.TediousToo long, slow, or dull: tiresome or monotonous.AloofNot friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant.Stipendextra fixed incomeCountenanceexpression and looksSuperfluoushaving more than necessaryEradicateeliminate, get rid ofProprietorAn owner of a store or other businessEfface(v.) to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticedEphemeralshort-livedGaitmanner of walkingConjureTo bring forth, especially through wordsAcutesharpCopious(adj.) abundant; plentiful; wordy, verboseReticentnot revealing one's thoughts or feelings readilyFiscalinvolving financial mattersDuplicityintentional deceit in speech or conductColloquialcharacteristic of informal spoken language or conversationAudibleloud enough to be heardAffiliatean associate; partnerMayhemviolent or damaging disorder; chaosLucideasy to understand, clear; rational, saneTepidlukewarm; unenthusiastic, marked by an absence of interestPernicioushaving a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle wayChasma deep opening in the earth's surface; a gorge; differences of opinion, interests, loyaltiesDisarray(n.) disorder, confusion; (v.) to throw into disorderScrupulousexact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principledNarcissista person who is overly self-involved, and often vain and selfishVisageface; facial expressionCacophonyA harsh, discordant mixture of soundsAdamantrefusing to be persuaded or to change one's mindTerseconcise; to the pointEmaciatedabnormally thin or weak, especially because of illness or a lack of food.Feasiblereasonable; capable of being carried outRegurgitate1. (v.) to vomit (Feeling sick, Chuck regurgitated his dinner.) 2. (v.) to throw back exactly (Margaret rushed through the test, regurgitating all of the facts she'd memorized an hour earlier.)Ennuidissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathyFiascoa complete, ridiculous failurePungentcausing a sharp sensation; stinging, bitingFrankopen and sincere in expression; straightforwardZeniththe highest point; peakInebriateddrunk, intoxicatedPugnaciousquarrelsome, fond of fightingMasticateto chew upInsipidlacking flavor; dull; not at all stimulatingCarnagebloody and extensive slaughterVerbosewordy, very talkativeNemesissomeone or something a person cannot conquer or achieve; a hated enemyDepriveto take awayTenaciousHolding fast; holding together firmly; persistentObsoleteout-of-date, no longer in usePseudonymfalse nameStupora state of near-unconsciousness or insensibilityDeliriummental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. deliriousChidescold or rebukeApocalypticprophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypseScroungeto get or find by hunting around; to scrape togetherAphorismq brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.Contingencya future event or circumstance that is possible but cannot be predicted with certaintyRamificationimplication, consequenceFrivolous(adj.) of little importance, not worthy of serious attention; not meant seriouslyUsurpto seize and hold a position by force or without rightEschewto avoid, shun, keep away fromAvarice(n.) a greedy desire, particularly for wealthZealousenthusiasticDisseminateto scatter or spread widelyParenthesesUsed in mathematics as grouping symbols for operations. / used to not interrupt the main sentence (extra information) (in parentheses if it is a sentence make sure inside has its own period)Nebulous(adj.) cloudlike, resembling a cloud; cloudy in color, not transparent; vague, confused, indistinctVanityexcessive pride in or admiration of one's own appearance or achievementsBrackets[ ], grouping symbols, A pair of symbols used to enclose sections of an expression.Orificea mouth or vent; an openingCollate(v.) to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc.; to arrange in order for some specific purposeDenounceto condemn openlyMalicethe intention or desire to do evil; ill willAsset(n.) something of value; a resource; an advantageDaftsenseless, stupid, or foolishDeftskillful, nimbleImprovise(v.) to compose or perform without preparation; to construct from available materialsFluctuateto rise and fall; to vary irregularlyOscillate(v.) to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waverCerebralpertaining to the brainEviscerateto remove the inner organs of a bodyRacuousharsh soundingLoquacious(adj.) talkative, wordy; fond of talkingGarulousgiven to much talking, tediously chattyUbiqutiouspresent or existing everywhereSupercedeto take the place ofDwelllive in or at a specified place.Ergoconj. thereforeDelectable(adj.) delightful, highly enjoyable; deliciously flavored, savory; (n.) an appealing or appetizing food or dishCelibateabstaining from intercourse; unmarriedBentsharply curved or having an angle.Indeminitya payment for damage or lossPlunder(v.) to rob by force, especially during wartime; to seize wrongfully; (n.) property stolen by forceToilwork extremely hard or incessantly.Sustenancefood and drink regarded as a source of strength; nourishment.Nadirthe lowest point in the fortunes of a person or organization.Apexthe top or highest part of something, especially one forming a point.Haphazard(adj.) by chance; not planned; lacking orderFestoonto drape or adorn festivelyDubiousdoubtful; of unlikely authenticityNostalgialonging for the pastPrerequisitesomething required beforehandCriteriaa principle or standard by which something may be judged or decidedEtiquettethe customary code of polite behavior in society or among members of a particular profession or group.Clamorloud noisePandemonioumwild and noisy disorder or confusion; uproarDirecausing or involving great fear or suffering; urgent; trouble or disasterNirvanaa condition of great peace or happinessAnimositystrong dislike; bitter hostilityCallousemotionally hardened, unfeelingTrepidationa feeling of fear or agitation about something that may happenExpectoratecough or spit out phlegm from the throat or lungsSerenecalm, peacefulInundate(v.) to flood, overflow; to overwhelm by numbers or sizeSolemnserious; graveApprehensionanxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happenFuroran uproar; a state of great anger or excitementLevyImpose or raise a taxMollifyto calm or make less severeEmbezzle(v.) to steal money by falsifying records (The accountant was fired for embezzling $10,000 of the company's funds.)Chicanerydeception by means of craft or guileSanguineoptimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.Arsenala collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group.Camaraderiemutual trust and friendship among people who spend a lot of time togetherCringe(v.) to shrink back or hide in fear or submissivenessCompileassemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionaryWaddleto walk with short steps, swaying from side to sideDebase(v.) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorateSubmergeto put under waterFulminateTo attack with words; denounceProliferateto reproduce, increase, or spread rapidlyGesticulateto make gestures, especially when speakingImpregnable(adj.) resistant to capture or penetration (Though the invaders used battering rams, catapults, and rain dances, the fortress proved impregnable and resisted all attacks.)Dissembleto present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or characterIntricatecomplicated; difficult to understandListlesslacking energy and enthusiasmInterminableendless, so long as to seem endlessSubtlynot obviously; in a manner hard to notice or perceiveArchaicantiquated, old, out of useFormidableinspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capableAntiquitythe quality of being ancient; ancient timesVenerablerespected because of ageIntermittent(adj.) stopping and beginning again, sporadicContemplateTo consider carefully and thoughtfullySufficentenough; adequateJeer(v.) to make fun of rudely or unkindly; (n.) a rude remark of derisionFiduciaryinvolving trust, especially with regard to the relationship between a trustee and a beneficiary.Generatecause to arise or come about.Abyssa deep or seemingly bottomless chasm.Decidiousshedding its leaves annually.Enfranchisegive the right to vote to.Fatuoussilly and pointless.Filibusteran action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures.Incognitohaving one's true identity concealed.Interlopea person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong.Notarizehave (a document) legalized by a notary.Paradigma typical example or pattern of something; a model.Scepteran ornamented staff carried by rulers on ceremonial occasions as a symbol of sovereignty.Starksevere or bare in appearance or outline.Volatileliable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.Prototypea first, typical or preliminary model of something, especially a machine, from which other forms are developed or copied.Quantama discrete quantity of energy proportional in magnitude to the frequency of the radiation it represents.Subjugationthe action of bringing someone or something under domination or control.Spryactive; lively.Maelstroma powerful whirlpool in the sea or a river.absolve(V.)to find innocent or blamlessadamant(adj.)not giving in; stubbornamiable(adj.)good-natured; friendly and pleasantamoral(adj.)lacking a moral sense; without principlesantagonist(n.)an opponent; one who opposes or competeseccentric(adj.)differing from what is customary;oddencounter(v.)to meet unexpectedly;come uponepitome(n.)a perfect or typical example of a general quality or typemalign(v.)to make evil and often untrue statements about;speak evil ofsurgical(adj)very precise; clear and accurateenergetic(adj.)active and livelyergonomic(adj.)intended to decrease discomfort and maximize workvigorous(adj.)done with power,force, or energyinvigorate(v.)to fill with strength and energycurt(adj.)rudely brief when speaking to someonedemoralize(v.)to lower the spirits of; weaken the confidence or cheerfulness ofdilemma(n.)a situation requiring a difficult choiceinclination(n.)a tendency to think,act, or behave in a certain way; a leaningirate(adj.)very angryretort(v.)to reply,especially in a quick,sharp,or witty waygullible(adj.)easily deceived or cheated;creduloussabotage(n.)to deliberately destroy or damagesubsequent(adj.)following, in order or time;next;laterindignant(adj.)feeling or expressing anger because something is unjust;incensed;in a huffindolent(adj.)disposed to avoid exertion;lazy;idle;lethargicwary(adj.)cautious; on guardcoy(adj.)pretending to be shy;shy in a flirtatious mannerzeal(n.)enthusiastic devotion;intense enthusiasimobligatory(adj.)mandatory;required;essentialprodigal(adj.)wasting money or resourcesparsimonious(adj.)unduly sparing in the spending of money;stingyagitate(v.)to publicly demand;petition forreactionary(adj.)strongly opposed to change;conservativesynthesize(v.)to combine; to blendparenthetical(adj.)explaining the main idea or topicinane(adj.)lacking significance or meaning;immatureloiter(v.)(v.) to linger in an aimless way, hang around, dawdle, tarryperpetual(adj.)continuing forever or indefinitelypernicious(adj.)highly injurious or destructive; deadlypermeable(adj.)penetrable or porousincandescent(adj.)strikingly bright;radiantsubliminal(adj)subconscious;concealeddyspeptic(adj.)gloomy;suffering from indigestiondebase(v.)to degrade or lower in status;dishonorcomposure(n.)control over expression and actionincarcerate(v.)to subject to confinement;imprisonexponential(adj.)great in number or sizeimposition(n.)An unwelcome demand; a burden Syn: botherinstantaneous(adj.)happening immediatelyreinstate(v.)to bring back into existence or authoritydeter(v.)to prevent or discourage from doing somethingimplication(n.)an idea that is communicated indirectly,though a suggestion or hintinequity(n.)injustice;unfairness;an instance of injusticeinfirmity(n.)a physical weakness or defect;ailmentinfringe(v.)to intrude or trespass on; to go beyond the limits considered properinnovation(n.)a new custom; method or invention; something newly introducedrevitalize(v.)to renew the strength and energy of; restore to a vigorous,active conditionsparse(adj.)distributed thinly; not thick or crowdedsubjective(adj.)based on personal opinions, feelings, and attitudes; not objectivesuccinct(adj.)expressed clearly in a few words;to the point;concisecohabitation(n.)living together; coexistenceexhibit(v.)to show; to displayparticipant(n.)one who takes part inintercept(v.)to catch or blockalliusion(n.)an indirect reference (often from history,art,science,or popular culture)conceive(v.)to come up with;imaginealtruistic (adj.)unselfishly concerned for the welfare of others;unselfishappease(v.)to calm,especially by giving in to the demands ofarbitrary(adj.)determined by personal judgement,not rule or reason;based on impulseassail(v.)to attack physically or verballybanal(adj.)lacking originality; overused;commonplacemercenary(adj.)motivated by financial gain;greedysyndrome(n.)a group of symptoms typical of a particular disease or conditiontaint(v.)to stain the honor of someone or somethingeditorial(adj.)expressing opinion or biasnontraditional(adj.)going against the accepted pattern or styledonor(n.)one who gives something awaycondone(v.)to support; to give approval toabhor(v.)utterly detest; loathe;hateephemeral(adj.)lasting only one day;fleeting; transitory;short-livedfallible(adj.)liable to be mistaken;imperfect;unsound;weakprodigious(adj.)extraordinary in amount or size;enormous;giganticcondolence(n.)an expression or declaration o sympathy with someone who has experienced pain,grief,or misfortunedoleful(adj.)filled with grief or sadness;sorrowfulobligation(n.)a duty or commitmentoblige(v.)to make(someone) legally or morally bound to an action or course of actionstalemate(n.)any position or situation in which no action can be taken or progress made; deadlockobjective(n.)something that one's efforts or actions are intended to attain or accomplish;purpose;goal;targetmartial(adj.)inclined or disposed to war;warlikeguile(n.)clevernessharried(adj.)tormented;harrassedmuster(v.)to assemble or gatherponderous(adj.)bulky;heavy in a clumsy wayprofusion(n.)abundancesage(adj.)wise;(n.)a very learned personadversary(n.)an opponent; an enemyfawn(v.)to show affection forarchetype(n.)characters and situations recognizable across times and culturestheme (n.)a universal idea,human truth, or truism found in literary or artistic workepithet(n.)renames a person or thing with a descriptive phrasearchaeology(n.)the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts,inscription,monuments,etc.epicenter(n.)the point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus of an earthquakecalamity(n.)an event bringing great loss and miserycomprehensive(adj.)including all or muchconventional(adj.)customary;ordinaryflagrant(adj.)shockingly obvious; outrageousfluctuate(v.)to vary irregularly;to go up and down or back and forthObsequious (adj)Excessively compliant or submissive.Panacea (n)A remedy for all ills or difficulties.persevere(v.)to continue with an effort or plan despite difficultiesponder(v.)to consider carefully; think deeply aboutrehabilitate(v.)to restore to normal life through therapy or educationturmoil(n.)complete confusion;uproarventure(v.)to take the risk of; dareaffluent(adj.)having an abundance of wealth, property, or other material goods, prosperous;richsuperfluous(adj.)being more that is sufficient or required;excessivecompensate(v.)to counterbalance;offset;be equivalent topenchant(n.)a strong inclination,taste, or liking for somethingattest(v.)to make a statement about something on the basis of personal experience;testifyattribute(n.)a quality or feature of a person or thingRepine (v)To feel or express discontent; fret.discern(v.)to recognize;detecteuphemism(n.)a mild or vague term used as a substitute for one considered offensivedispatch(v.)to send to a specific place or on specific buisnessenhance(v.)to improveenigma(n.)a mystery or puzzleexemplify(v.)to be an example of;represent;be typical ofmobile(adj.)moving or able to move from place to placenocturnal(adj.)of,about,or happening at night;activeorient(v.)to determine one's location or directiontestament(n.)a person's will;something that serves as a sign or evidence of a specified fact,event, or qualitytestimonial(n.)a formal statement to someone's character, conduct,and qualificationsdetest(v.)to hate;abhoracronym(n.)an abbreviation formed the initial letters of other words and pronounced as a wordacrophobia(n.)fear of heightsforeboding(n.)fearful apprehension; a feeling that something bad will happen.flay(v.)to strip off the outer skin of;to criticize severely or brutallymaelstrom(n.)a large,violent whirlpool;a situation or state of confused movement or violent turmoilinvoke(v.)to call forth;to summon; to call upon a god or godsgrapple(v.)to grasp; engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons,wrestle;to seize hold of someonefounder(v.)to fill with water and sink;(n.) a person who works manufactures articles of cast metalstravail (n.)a painful effortassuage(v.)make (an unpleasant feeling) less intenseabominably(adv.)very unpleasantly or unfairly; very badlytone(n.)an authors's attitude towards his/her subject in writingvoice(n.)a writer's unique use of language that allows a reader to "hear" a human personality in the work;the "character" created in a poemepic hero(n.)a larger than life character who embodies the ideals of a nation or racenarrative(n.)a story featuring plot, characterization,setting,etc.forebear(n.)an ancestor, a forefatheradjunct(adj.)a thing added to something else as a supplementary rather than an essential partAlacrity (n)Eagerness, speed.Arcane (adj)Obscure, secret, known only by a few.Avarice (n)Excessive greed.Brusque (adj)Short, abrupt, dismissive.Erudite (adj)Learned.Fractious (adj)Troublesome, irritable.Furtive (adj)Secretive, sly.Inveterate (adj)Stubbornly established by habit.Lithe (adj) Lithely (adv)Graceful, flexible, supple.Lurid (adj)Ghastly, sensational.Modicum (n)A small amount of something.Predilection (n)A preference or inclination for something.Salient (adj)Significant, conspicuous.Staid (adj)Sedate, serious, self-restrained.Taciturn (adj)Not inclined to talk.Truculent (adj)Ready to fight, cruel.Venalitythe condition of being susceptible to bribes or corruptionPrecocious(adj.) showing unusually early development (especially in talents and mental capacity)Amalgam (n)An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals.Sacrosantsacred, holyTenebrousdark; gloomy; obscure.Irreverentshowing a lack of respect for people or things that are generally taken seriouslyAbutment (n)The place where projecting parts meet; junction.Parvenunoun: a person who has suddenly become wealthy, but not socially accepted as part of a higher classEponymousreferring to the name of a person, a mythical being, or a literary figure associated with something, or to a word incorporating the name of such a personFracasa noisy quarrel or brawlPreeningprocess in which a bird rubs oil from an oil gland over its feathers to condition themStrafingattack repeatedly with bombs or machine-gun fire from low-flying aircraft.Demarcation (n)The determining and marking off of the boundaries of something.Acerbic (adj)Sour or astringent in taste.Contrite (adj)Caused by or showing sincere remorse.Anodyne (n)A medicine that relieves or allays pain.Asinine (adj)Foolish, unintelligent, or silly; stupid:Inculcatingpositively brainwashing, to teach something effectivelyInflectchange the pitch of; change the form ofPetulantpeevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upsetSentientconscious; capable of feeling or perceivingMeteoric(adj.) resembling a meteor in speed; having sudden and temporary brilliance similar to a meteor'sMagnetarespecially hot, rapidly rotating neutron stars whose motion helps generate extra-strong magnetic fields, over 1000 times greater than that of a pulsarExigenciesan urgent need or demandTitularholding or constituting a purely formal position or title without any real authorityMuonA lepton that is negatively charged and has a greater rest mass than the electronGluonThe force carrying-particle responsible for the strong nuclear force, which holds quarks together.PhotonA particle of electromagnetic radiation with no mass that carries a quantum of energySupernaturalattributed to some force beyond scientific understanding or the laws of naturePhysicsThe study of matter and energy and the interactions between the two through forces and motion.ChemistryThe study of the properties of matter and how matter changesUncouthlacking good manners, refinement, or graceBiologyThe study of lifePsychologythe scientific study of behavior and mental processesDysphemismA derogatory or unpleasant term used instead of a pleasant or neutral oneChromatographyA technique that is used to separate the components of a mixture based on the tendency of each component to travel or be drawn across the surface of another material.IdiomA common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.Chromaticadj. Belonging, relating to, or abounding in color.LalocheziaEmotional relief gained by using indecent or vulgar language.Monochromehaving one color; a painting, design, photo, or outfit that is only one color or shades of one colorSupernovathe explosion of a star, possibly caused by gravitational collapse, during which the star's luminosity increases by as much as 20 magnitudes and most of the star's mass is blown away at very high velocity, sometimes leaving behind an extremely dense core.Monochromacythe ability to see in black and white onlyNucleosynthesisthe formation of new atomic nuclei by nuclear reactions, thought to occur in the interiors of stars and in the early stages of development of the universe.Deuteranopiaan inherited form of defective color vision in which red and green hues are confused; "green" cones are filled with "red" cone opsinHypernovaA term sometimes used to describe a supernova (explosion) of a star so massive that it leaves a black hole behind.Tritanopiaan inherited form of defective color vision in which hues with short wavelengths are confused; "blue" cones are either lacking or faultyWormholeHypothetical shortcut through the space-time continuum; a theoretical passageway in space between a black hole and a white hole.Protanopiaan inherited form of defective color vision in which red and green hues are confused; "red" cones are filled with "green" cone opsinBlack holea theoretical massive object, formed at the beginning of the universe or by the gravitational collapse of a star exploding as a supernova, with gravity so strong that nothing, not even light, can escapeDeuteranomalyColor blindness due to a partial lack of green cones.White holea hypothetical celestial object that expands outward from a space-time singularity and emits energy, in the manner of a time-reversed black hole; a theoretical celestial object into which matter is funneled from a black hole.ProtanomalyColor blindness due to a partial lack of red cones.SingularityA point in which matter is infinitely dense, as in the center of a black hole or the universe at the very beginning.NebulaA large cloud of dust and gas in spaceTritanomalyblue-yellow discrimination altered; blue weaknessRed dwarfA very small star with low temperature, reddish in color.White dwarfA small, hot, dim star that is the leftover center of an old star, that has undergone gravitational collapse and is in the final stage of evolution for low-mass stars, beginning hot and white and ending cold and dark (black dwarf)Achromatopsiacomplete color blindness; monochromacyBrown dwarf"Failed" star; a cold, dark star that is too small to initiate the nuclear reactions that generate heat and light.Quantumthe amount of energy needed to move an electron from one energy level to anotherAssuage (v)To make milder or less severe; relieve; ease; mitigate.Immure (v)To enclose within walls.EukaryoteA cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organellesDesiccate (v)To dry thoroughly; dry up.Crampon (n)A spiked iron plate worn on boots or shoes for aid in climbing or to prevent slipping on ice, snow, etc.Efficacious (adj)Capable of having the desired result or effect; effective as a means, measure, remedy, etc.Oligopolistic (n)A market situation in which control over the supply of a commodity is held by a small number of producers each of whom is able to influence prices and thus directly affect the position of competitors.Recondite (adj)Dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter;beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding.Trystan appointment to meet at a certain time and place, especially one made somewhat secretly by lovers.imbroglioa misunderstanding, disagreement, etc., of a complicated or bitter nature, as between persons or nations.Despondent (adj)Feeling or showing profound hopelessness, dejection, discouragement, or gloom.tenebrousdark; gloomy; obscure.Autochthonous (adj)Pertaining to autochthons; aboriginal; indigenous (opposed to heterochthonous ).succedaneuma substitute.laodiceanlukewarm or indifferent, especially in religion, as were the early Christians of Laodicea.Reverie (n)A state of dreamy meditation or fanciful musing.Reticent (adj)Disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved.Purloined (v)To take dishonestly; steal; filch; pilfer.Desiccated (adj)Dehydrated or powdered.Pillory (n)A wooden framework erected on a post, with holes for securing the head and hands, formerly used to expose an offender to public derisionEponymous (adj)Giving one's name to a tribe, place, etc.:Enceinte (adj)PregnantDerision (n)Ridicule; mockery.Sumptuary (adj)Pertaining to, dealing with, or regulating expense or expenditure.Mnemonic(adj.) relating to or designed to assist the memory; (n.) a device to aid the memoryPolysaccharideA polymer of thousands of simple sugars formed by dehydration synthesis.MonosaccharideA single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simplest type of sugar.PangramA sentence containing every letter of the alphabet.PalindromeA word, phrase, or sequence that reads the same backwards as forwards, e.g. nurses run.AmbigramWord, art form or other symbolic representation whose elements retain meaning when viewed or interpreted from a different direction, perspective, or orientation.Contentsatisfied; pleasedInvalidan infirm or sickly personEpoch(n.) a distinct period of time, era, ageEonthe largest division of geologic timeArtemisGoddess of the moonencroach(v.) to advance beyond the usual or proper limits, trespasspenumbrathe lighter part of a shadow where light is partially blockedumbrathe very darkest part of the moon's shadowstamina(n.) the strength needed to keep going or overcome physical or mental strain; staying powerendurance(n.) the strength needed to keep going or overcome physical or mental strain; staying powertheatrea building where theatrical performances or motion-picture shows can be presentedpractiseBritish English variant of practicegaolan early English term for a jail, still used in Australian Englishenthusiasta person with a strong liking for or interest in something; a devoted supporteracquaintedfamiliar; having personal knowledge ofacquiescencethe reluctant acceptance of something without protestacquireTo gain possession ofacquit(v.) to declare not guilty, free from blame, discharge completely; to conduct or behave oneselfaggregategather; accumulate; or to collect a total ofremorseDeep and painful regret for wrongdoingProkaryoteA unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organellesversatileable to do many different things or to be used in many different wayscondescendingpossessing an attitude of superiority, patronizingchaoticcompletely unordered and unpredictable and confusingconscientiouscharacterized by extreme care and great effort; diligent and carefuldiscrepancya difference; a lack of agreementsuccinctbrief, conciseeccentricunconventional and slightly strangefeasiblereasonable; capable of being carried outgaugean instrument for measuring or testing; to measuregrammarin a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand othersharassto disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacksdoctrine(n.) a belief, principle, or teaching; a system of such beliefs or principles; a formulation of such beliefs or principlessporadic(adj.) occurring at irregular intervals, having no set plan or orderinoculate(v.) to introduce a microorganism, serum, or vaccine into an organism in order to increase immunity to illness; to vaccinate (I've feared needles ever since I was inoculated against 37 diseases at age one; but I have also never been sick.)invalida person made weak or disabled by illness or injuryfrivolous(adj.) of little importance, not worthy of serious attention; not meant seriouslytardigradeA tiny coelomate animal with four pairs of legs; in a dormant state, it can survive extremely adverse conditions.phageeat, swallowbacteriophageA virus that infects bacteriaspectrea ghostly appearing figureapparitionan unreal figure; a ghostsurrealhaving the qualities of surrealism; bizarre.poltergeista ghost or spirit supposed to manifest its presence by noises, knockings, etc.wraitha ghost or spectre; a ghost of a living person seen just before his or her deathreminisce(v.) to recall one's past thoughts, feelings, or experiencesstoicindifferent to pleasure or pain; impassivedividendThe portion of corporate profits paid out to stockholders; A number that is divided by another.footfallsthe sound of a footstep or footstepspretensean attempt to make something that is not the case appear truechieflyadv. the most important or most common syn. mostlyexclusiveomitting from consideration; not includingdeluxeluxurious, lavish, opulent, richcueA signal for something to happen, the line or business on which the signal is givenqueuea line of people or vehiclesconvenientSuitable for one's needs; making life easier or more comfortable.manifestoa public statement explaining the intentions, motives, or views of an individual or groupmanifestationan event, action, or object that clearly shows or embodies something, especially a theory or an abstract idea.motivesthe needs, wants, interests, and desires that cause people's behaviorselicit(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)administerto manage or direct; to give out as treatment or assistanceemporiuma large retail store, especially one selling a great variety of articlestransmogrifytransform, especially in a surprising or magical mannerpebblea small smooth rounded rocktransubstantiationCatholic belief that the bread and wine actually become the body and blood of Christ.ludditea person opposed to increased industrialization or new technologybemusedconfused; bewilderedcompromisean agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions; to expose or make vulnerable to danger, scandal or suspicionserendipityluck, finding good things without looking for themMillenium(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joyAmnesiapartial or total loss of memory

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