Question

a. Define explicit and implicit memory. What types of knowledge are associated with each of these types of memory? b. How does encoding affect memory storage? How does memory storage affect memory retrieval? c. Explain the relationship between a semantic code and an organizational system.

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a. Explicit memory is a type of long-term memory that involves specific information. That information was consciously learned and easily recalled and verbalized. Implicit memory is another type of long term memory that is acquired unconsciously. Explicit memory is associated with semantic and autobiographical knowledge while implicit memory is associated with skills. b. Encoding enables memory storage. It converts a stimulus into a mental representation which can then be used as memory. c. Semantic codes can be an organizing principle for the organizational system. New information will be organized or filed close to similar already known information based on its meaning.

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