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A pistoncylinder device contains steam that undergoes a reversible thermodynamic cycle. Initially the steam is at 400 kPa and 350$^\circ{}$C with a volume of 0.5 m^3. The steam is first expanded isothermally to 150 kPa, then compressed adiabatically to the initial pressure, and finally compressed at the constant pressure to the initial state. Determine the net work and heat transfer for the cycle after you calculate the work and heat interaction for each process.
Solution
Verified$\rule{430pt}{1pt}$
$\text{\textcolor{#4257b2}{\textbf{Given}}}$
Steam undergoes as the Thermodynamic cycle with the following sequence.
Steam initial conditions.

Pressure $P_{1} = 400 \ \mathrm{kPa}$

Temperature $T_{1} = 350 \ \mathrm{^\circ C}$

Volume $V_{1} = 0.3 \ \mathrm{m^{3}}$
Isothermal expansion.

Pressure $P_{2} = 150 \ \mathrm{kPa}$

Temperature $T_{2} = 350 \ \mathrm{^\circ C}$
Adiabatic compression.
 Pressure $P_{3} = 400 \ \mathrm{kPa}$
Compression at constant pressure.

Pressure $P_{4} = P_{1} = 400 \ \mathrm{kPa}$

Temperature $T_{4} = T_{1} = 350 \ \mathrm{^\circ C}$

Volume $V_{4} = V_{1} = 0.3 \ \mathrm{m^{3}}$
$\text{\textcolor{#4257b2}{\textbf{Required}}}$
 Determine the net work and heat transfer for the cycle after you calculate the work and heat interaction for each process.
$\text{\textcolor{#4257b2}{\textbf{Assumptions}}}$

All processes are reversible.

Kinetic energy effect is neglected.

Potential energy effect is neglected.