## Related questions with answers

A standardized identification number system is used for books around the world. Each book is assigned a unique code-an International Standard Book Number (ISBN). These codes allow books to be more accurately identified and more effectively organized, especially with computerized recordkeeping. From 1970 to 2007, ISBNs had 10 digits. Since January 1, 2007, ISBNs contain 13 digits, so the numbering system is sometimes called ISBN-13. In this task and in Extensions Task 14, you will consider the older ISBN system. See Extensions Task 15 for an analysis of the ISBN-13 system.

Consider ISBN 0-380-00832-7. A 0 or 1 in the first position indicates that a book was published in an English-speaking country. The next block of digits identifies the publisher. The third block is assigned by the publisher from among the block of numbers the Library of Congress gives the publisher and it identifies the specific book. These first three blocks of digits can be of different lengths, depending on the publisher of the book. The last digit is a check digit. Here is how the check digit works.

There are ten digits in an ISBN: abcdefghij.

Compute 10a + 9b + 8c + 7d + 6e + 5f + 4g + 3h + 2i + j.

If the number is valid, this sum will be equivalent to 0 mod 11.

a. Verify that the ISBN given above is valid.

b. Consider this code: 0-88385-423-0. Is this a valid ISBN? Enter the number into the Search feature of a bookseller's Web site. What happens? Calculate to see if the ISBN is valid.

Solution

Verifieda.)

For $0-380-00832-7$:

$10a+9b+8c+7d+6e+5f+4g+3h+2i+j$

Substitute the known digits into the given expression.

$10(0)+9(3)+8(8)+7(0)+6(0)+5(0)+4(8)+3(3)+2(2)+7=143$

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