Calculate for each balan ced redox reaction and determine if the reaction is spontaneous as written. a. b. c.
Since , then this redox reaction is nonspontaneous in the forward direction.
Determine the half-reactions. Make sure to verify that they add up to the net reaction.
Look up standard reduction potentials for both half-reactions. Remember that oxidation takes place at the anode and reduction takes place at the cathode.
Calculate the standard cell potential, .