Related questions with answers
Missy studied for several hours before taking her history test, motivated by the goal of achieving a good grade that would get her a scholarship. She failed the test and now refuses to study for other tests. Explain how the following terms relate to this scenario. • Extrinsic motivation • Learned helplessness
Your calculus teacher wants her students to be more diligent in completing their homework and, since you arc taking AP psychology, she has asked for your help. Give an example of how she could use each of the following to help her increase homework completion. • Shaping • Negative reinforcement • Fixed-interval schedule of reinforcement
Describe how each of the following can show the impact of cognition on operant conditioning. • Latent learning • Insight learning • Intrinsic motivation
Latent learning can reinforce or disencourage observed behavior. For example, if you are observing your coworker deal with a difficult customer, your learning depends on the outcome. If the situation escalates, then you are less likely to repeat what your coworker did if you are in that same situation. If the situation de-escalates, you are more likely to repeat your coworker's actions when in the same situation.
Insight learning sort of goes against operant conditioning, because there is no stimulus that induces the realization of a problem's solution.
Intrinsic motivation shows us the limits of operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is based on rewards and punishment, but if someone is doing an action, such as reading, solely for the reward that comes with it, they are less likely to perform that action once there is no more reward.