Question

Determine the volume of Cl2\mathrm{Cl}_2 gas at STP\mathrm{STP} that will react with 1.001.00 mole of Na\mathrm{Na} solid to produce NaCl\mathrm{NaCl} according to the equation,

2Na(s)+Cl2(g)2NaCl(s)2 \mathrm{Na}(s)+\mathrm{Cl}_2(g) \longrightarrow 2 \mathrm{NaCl}(s)

a) 22.4 L22.4 \mathrm{~L} d) 11.2 L11.2 \mathrm{~L} b) 44.8 L44.8 \mathrm{~L} e) 30.6 L30.6 \mathrm{~L} c) 15.3 L15.3 \mathrm{~L}

Solution

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Our task is to determine the volume of chlorine gas at STP in the given reaction.

A balanced chemical equation possesses the same number of atoms and each element on each reaction side. The mole ratio of reactant to reaction product is determined by the coefficients of the reactant and product in a balanced chemical equation.

The equation of ideal gas elaborates on the physical properties of gases by using gas laws to relate pressure, volume, the number of moles, and the temperature to one another.

STP is the Standard Temperature and Pressure, where the normal temperature is 273.15 K, and the standard pressure is 1 atm.

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