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Distinguish between the osseous and membranous labyrinths.

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The osseous or bony labyrinth is the backbone of the inner ear and is part of the temporal bone. It is lined with periosteum - dense connective tissue that overlays bone.

Structures of the bony labyrinth are the cochlea, the vestibule, and three semicircular canals. The bony labyrinth is filled with a special type of fluid named perilymph - its function is the transmission of vibration from the middle ear.

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